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    Keller, Kathleen L. and Adise, Shana 2016. Variation in the Ability to Taste Bitter Thiourea Compounds: Implications for Food Acceptance, Dietary Intake, and Obesity Risk in Children. Annual Review of Nutrition, Vol. 36, Issue. 1, p. 157.


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    Baranowski, Tom Baranowski, Janice C. Watson, Kathleen B. Jago, Russell Islam, Noemi Beltran, Alicia Martin, Shelby J. Nguyen, Nga and Tepper, Beverly J. 2011. 6-n-Propylthiouracil taster status not related to reported cruciferous vegetable intake among ethnically diverse children. Nutrition Research, Vol. 31, Issue. 8, p. 594.


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6-n-Propylthiouracil sensitivity and obesity status among ethnically diverse children

  • Janice C Baranowski (a1), Tom Baranowski (a1), Alicia Beltran (a1), Kathy B Watson (a1), Russell Jago (a2), Margaret Callie (a1), Mariam Missaghian (a3) and Beverly J Tepper (a4)
  • DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1017/S1368980009993004
  • Published online: 22 December 2009
Abstract
AbstractObjective

To examine the relationship of 6-n-propylthiouracil (PROP) sensitivity to BMI while statistically controlling for demographic characteristics in two age groups of children: 9–10 years and 17–18 years (n 1551).

Design

Cross-sectional design with a multi-ethnic (White, African-American, Hispanic, Other) sample of 813 children aged 9–10 years and 738 children aged 17–18 years. Children were recruited from local elementary and high schools with at least 30 % minority ethnic enrolment. Children’s height, weight and waist circumference were measured along with their PROP taster status. PROP was measured using two paper discs, one impregnated with NaCl (1·0 mol/l) and the other with PROP solution (0·50 mmol/l).

Results

A significant PROP sensitivity by socio-economic status (SES) interaction term (P = 0·010) was detected wherein supertasters had the largest BMI percentile and Z-score, but only among the group with highest SES.

Conclusions

The results suggest that other factors overwhelmed the influence of PROP sensitivity on adiposity in lower-SES groups. The percentage of variance accounted for by the interaction term was about 1 %. Thus, PROP supertasters had the largest BMI percentile and Z-score, but only among the highest-SES group.

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Corresponding author
*Corresponding author: Email jbaranow@bcm.tmc.edu
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