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Acceptability and feasibility of smartphone-assisted 24 h recalls in the Chinese population

  • Jiajie Zang (a1), Jun Song (a1), Zhengyuan Wang (a1), Chunxia Yao (a2), Jianhong Ma (a3), Cuihua Huang (a1), Zhenni Zhu (a1), Lindsey P Smith (a4), Shufa Du (a4), Jenna Hua (a5), Edmund Seto (a5), Barry M Popkin (a4) and Shurong Zou (a1)...

Abstract

Objective

To examine the acceptability and feasibility of using smartphone technology to assess beverage intake and evaluate whether the feasibility of smartphone use is greater among key sub-populations.

Design

An acceptability and feasibility study of recording the video dietary record, the acceptability of the ecological momentary assessment (EMA), wearing smartphones and whether the videos helped participants recall intake after a cross-over validation study.

Setting

Rural and urban area in Shanghai, China.

Subjects

Healthy adults (n 110) aged 20–40 years old.

Results

Most participants reported that the phone was acceptable in most aspects, including that videos were easy to use (70 %), helped with recalls (77 %), EMA reminders helped them record intake (75 %) and apps were easy to understand (85 %). However, 49 % of the participants reported that they had trouble remembering to take videos of the beverages before consumption or 46 % felt embarrassed taking videos in front of others. Moreover, 72 % reported that the EMA reminders affected their consumption. When assessing overall acceptability of using smartphones, 72 % of the participants were favourable responders. There were no statistically significant differences in overall acceptability for overweight v. normal-weight participants or for rural v. urban residents. However, we did find that the overall acceptability was higher for males (81 %) than females (61 %, P=0·017).

Conclusions

Our study did not find smartphone technology helped with dietary assessments in a Chinese population. However, simpler approaches, such as using photographs instead of videos, may be more feasible for enhancing 24 h dietary recalls.

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Copyright

Corresponding author

* Corresponding author: Email zangjiajie0409@163.com

References

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Public Health Nutrition
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