1National Council on Nutrition and Physical Activity. Anbefalinger for spedbarnsernæring [Infant Feeding Recommendations]. Oslo: National Council on Nutrition and Physical Activity, 2001 (in Norwegian).
2World Health Organization. The World Health Organization's infant feeding recommendation. Weekly Epidemiological Record 1995; 70: 119–29.
3Lande, B, Andersen, LF, Bærug, A, Trygg, KU, Lund-Larsen, K, Veierød, MB, et al. Infant feeding practices and associated factors in the first six months of life: The Norwegian Infant Nutrition Survey. Acta Paediatrica 2003; 92: 152–61.
4Heinig, MJ, Nommsen, LA, Peerson, JM, Lönnerdal, B, Dewey, KG. Energy and protein intakes of breast-fed and formula-fed infants during the first year of life and their association with growth velocity: the DARLING Study. American Journal of Clinical Nutrition 1993; 58: 152–61.
5Michaelsen, KF. Nutrition and growth during infancy. The Copenhagen Cohort Study. Acta Paediatrica 1997; 86(Suppl. 420): 1–36.
6Nielsen, GA, Thomsen, BL, Michaelsen, KF. Influence of breastfeeding and complementary food on growth between 5 and 10 months. Acta Paediatrica 1998; 87: 911–7.
7North, K, Emmett, P, Noble, S, the ALSPAC Study Team. Types of drinks consumed by infants at 4 and 8 months of age: sociodemographic variations. Journal of Human Nutrition and Dietetics 2000; 13: 71–82.
8Atladottir, H, Thorsdottir, I. Energy intake and growth of infants in Iceland – a population with high frequency of breast-feeding and high birth weight. European Journal of Clinical Nutrition 2000; 54: 695–701.
9Noble, S, Emmett, P, the ALSPAC Study Team. Food and nutrient intake in a cohort of 8-month-old infants in the south-west of England in 1993. European Journal of Clinical Nutrition 2001; 55: 698–707.
10Armstrong, J, Reilly, JJ, the Child Health Information Team. Breastfeeding and lowering the risk of childhood obesity. Lancet 2002; 359: 2003–4.
11Dewey, KG. Is breast-feeding protective against child obesity?. Journal of Human Lactation 2003; 19: 9–18.
12Ludwig, DS, Peterson, KE, Gortmaker, SL. Relation between consumption of sugar-sweetened drinks and childhood obesity: a prospective, observational analysis. Lancet 2001; 357: 505–8.
13Johnson, RK, Frary, C. Choose beverages and foods to moderate your intake of sugars: the 2000 dietary guidelines for Americans – what's all the fuss about?. Journal of Nutrition 2001; 131(Suppl.): 2766–71.
14Sheiham, A. Dietary effects on dental diseases. Public Health Nutrition 2001; 4: 569–91.
15Nordic Council of Ministers. Nordiska näringsrekommendationer 1996 [Nordic Nutrition Recommendations 1996]. Report 1996: 28. Copenhagen: Nordic Publishing House, 1996 (in Swedish).
16World Health Organization (WHO). Diet, Nutrition and the Prevention of Chronic Diseases. Report of a Joint WHO/FAO Expert Consultation. WHO Technical Report Series No. 916. Geneva: WHO, 2003.
17Pollestad, ML, Øverby, NC, Andersen, LF. Kosthold blant 4-åringer. Landsomfattende kostholdsundersøkelse UNGKOST-2000 [Diet among 4-year-olds. National Dietary Survey UNGKOST-2000]. Oslo: Directorate for Health and Social Affairs, 2002 (in Norwegian).
18Rampersaud, GC, Bailey, LB, Kauwell, GP. National survey beverage consumption data for children and adolescents indicate the need to encourage a shift toward more nutritive beverages. Journal of the American Dietetic Association 2003; 103: 97–100.
19Statistics Norway. Undersøkelse om kosthold blant 12-måneder gamle spedbarn [Dietary Survey among 12-month-old Infants]. Note 1999/64. Oslo: Statistics Norway, 1999; (in Norwegian).
20Andersen, LF, Lande, B, Arsky, GH, Trygg, K. Validation of a semi-quantitative food-frequency questionnaire used among 12-month-old Norwegian infants. European Journal of Clinical Nutrition 2003; 57: 881–8.
21National Nutrition Council and the Food Control Authority. Den store matvaretabellen 1995 [Food Composition Table 1995]. Oslo: Universitetsforlaget, 1995; (in Norwegian).
22Riva, E, Banderali, G, Agostoni, C, Silano, M, Radaelli, G, Giovannini, M. Factors associated with initiation and duration of breastfeeding in Italy. Acta Paediatrica 1999; 88: 411–5.
23Dulon, M, Kersting, M, Schach, S. Duration of breastfeeding and associated factors in Western and Eastern Germany. Acta Paediatrica 2001; 90: 931–5.
24Li, R, Ogden, C, Ballew, C, Gillespie, C, Grummer-Strawn, L. Prevalence of exclusive breastfeeding among US infants: the Third National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey (Phase II, 1991–1994). American Journal of Public Health 2002; 92: 1107–10.
25Liestøl, K, Rosenberg, M, Walløe, L. Breast-feeding practice in Norway 1860–1984. Journal of Biosocial Science 1988; 20: 45–58.
26Michaelsen, KF, Larsen, PS, Thomsen, BL, Samuelson, G. The Copenhagen cohort study on infant nutrition and growth: duration of breast feeding and influencing factors. Acta Paediatrica 1994; 83: 565–71.
27Rogers, IS, Emmett, PM, Golding, J. The incidence and duration of breast feeding. Early Human Development 1997; 49(Suppl.): 45–74.
28Foster, K, Lader, D, Cheesbrough, S. Infant Feeding 1995. London: HMSO, 1997.
29Scott, JA, Binns, CW. Factors associated with the initiation and duration of breastfeeding: a review of the literature. Breastfeeding Review 1999; 7: 5–16.
30Horta, BL, Kramer, MS, Platt, RW. Maternal smoking and the risk of early weaning: a meta-analysis. American Journal of Public Health 2001; 91: 304–7.
31Northstone, K, Rogers, I, Emmett, P, the ALSPAC Study Team. Drinks consumed by 18-month-old children: are current recommendations being followed?. European Journal of Clinical Nutrition 2002; 56: 236–44.
32North, K, Emmett, P, the ALSPAC Study Team. Multivariate analysis of diet among three-year-old children and associations with socio-demographic characteristics. European Journal of Clinical Nutrition 2000; 54: 73–80.