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Breast-feeding at 12 months of age and dietary habits among breast-fed and non-breast-fed infants

  • Britt Lande (a1) (a2), Lene Frost Andersen (a2), Marit B Veierød (a3), Anne Bærug (a4), Lars Johansson (a1), Kerstin U Trygg (a2) and Gunn-Elin Aa Bjørneboe (a1)...
Abstract
Objective:

To analyse factors associated with breast-feeding and use of sweetened drinks at 12 months, and to compare dietary habits among breast-fed and non-breast-fed infants.

Design:

Data were collected by a semi-quantitative food-frequency questionnaire filled in by the parents.

Setting:

National dietary survey in Norway.

Subjects:

In total, 1932 12-month-old infants were included.

Results:

At 12 months, 36% of the infants were breast-fed. The odds of breast-feeding at this age were more than doubled both for mothers ≥35 years compared with mothers <25 years and for mothers in the highest educational group compared with mothers in the lowest. A negative association was found for maternal smoking, and the odds of breast-feeding were 40% lower for mothers who smoked than for non-smokers. Some dietary differences were observed between breast-fed and non-breast-fed infants apart from intake of milk. In particular, breast-fed infants had a significantly lower daily intake of sweetened drinks than non-breast-fed infants and a 16% lower mean daily intake of added sugars (P < 0.001). Furthermore, breast-fed infants had 30% higher odds of not receiving sweetened drinks daily, compared with non-breast-fed infants.

Conclusions:

Maternal age, education and smoking status were important factors for breast-feeding at 12 months. Breast-fed infants had lower intakes of sweetened drinks and added sugars than non-breast-fed infants. From a public health perspective, continued promotion of breast-feeding is needed to reduce inequalities in breast-feeding. Moreover, prevention of high intakes of sweetened drinks and added sugars should start in infancy.

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Corresponding author
*Corresponding author: Email britt.lande@shdir.no
References
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Public Health Nutrition
  • ISSN: 1368-9800
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