This list contains references from the content that can be linked to their source. For a full set of references and notes please see the PDF or HTML where available.
1 PW Howie , JS Forsyth , SA Ogstin , A Clark , CD Florey . Protective effect of breastfeeding against infection. BMJ 1990; 300:11–6.
3 UM Saarinen , M Kajossari . Breastfeeding as prophylaxis against atopic disease: prospective follow up study until 17 years old. Lancet 1995; 346:1065–9.
5 JM Norris , B Beauty , B Klingensmith , Liping Yu , M Hoffman , HP Chase , HA Erlich , RF Hamman . Lack of association between early exposure to cow's milk protein and B-cell autoimmunity. JAMA 1996; 276:609–14.
8 S Koletzko , P Sherman , M Corey , A Griffiths , C Smith . Role of infant feeding practices in development of Crohn's disease in childhood. BMJ 1999; 298:1617–8.
9 T Gilat , D Hacohen , P Lilos , MJS Langman . Childhood factors in ulcerative colitis and Crohn's disease. An international cooperative study. Scand. Gastroenterol. 1987; 22:1009–24.
10 AS Goldman . The immune system of human milk: antimicrobial, antiinflamatory and immunomodilating properties. Pediatr. Infect. Dis. J. 1993; 12:664–71.
11 S Chua , S Arulkumaran , I Lim , N Salamat , S Ratman . Influence of breastfeeding and nipple stimulation on postpartum uterine activity. Br. J. Obstet. Gynaecol. 1994; 101:804–5.
12 LJ Melton , SC Bryant , HW Wahner , WM O'Fallon , GD Malkasian , HL Judd , BL Riggs . Influence of breastfeeding and other reproductive factors on bone mass later in life. Osteopor. Int. 1993; 3:76–83.
13 RG Cumming , RJ Klineberg . Breastfeeding and other reproductive factors and the risk of hip fractures in elderly woman. Int. J. Epidemiol. 1993; 22:684–91.
16 PA Newcomb , BE Storer , MP Longnecker , R Mittendorf , ER Greenberg , RW Clapp , KP Burke . Lactation and a reduced risk of premenopausal breast cancer. N. Engl. J. Med. 1994; 330:81–7.
17 DB Thomas , EA Noonan . Breast cancer and prolonged lactation. The WHO collaborative study of neoplasia and steroid contraceptives. Int. J. Epidemiol. 1993; 22:619–26.
18 B Michels , WC Willett , BA Rosner , JE Manson , DJ Hunter , GA Colditz , SE Hankinson . Prospective assessment of breastfeeding and breast cancer incidence among 89, 887 women. Lancet 1996; 347:431–6.
19 KA Rosenblatt , DB Thomas . WHO collaborative study of neoplasia and steroid contraceptives. Int. J. Epidemiol. 1993; 22:192–7.
20 R Cohen , MD Mrtek , RG Mrtek . Comparison of maternal absenteeism and illness rates among breast-feeding and formula-feeding women in two corporations. Am. J. Health Promotion 1995; 10:148–52.
31 JP Cole . Breastfeeding in the Boston suburbs in relation to personal–social factors (are paediatricians thoughtlessly influencing the outcome in their postpartum care?). Clin. Pediatr. 1977; 16:352–6.
36 R Pérez Escamilla . Infant feeding policies in maternity wards and their effect on breast-feeding success: an analytical overview. Am. J. Public Health 1994; 84:89–97.