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Comparison of relative validity of food group intakes estimated by comprehensive and brief-type self-administered diet history questionnaires against 16 d dietary records in Japanese adults

  • Satomi Kobayashi (a1), Kentaro Murakami (a1), Satoshi Sasaki (a1) (a2), Hitomi Okubo (a2) (a3), Naoko Hirota (a4), Akiko Notsu (a5), Mitsuru Fukui (a6) and Chigusa Date (a7)...
Abstract
Objective

To compare the relative validity of food group intakes derived from a comprehensive self-administered diet history questionnaire (DHQ) and a brief-type DHQ (BDHQ) developed for the assessment of Japanese diets during the previous month using semi-weighed dietary records (DR) as a reference method.

Design

Between November 2002 and September 2003, a 4 d DR (covering four non-consecutive days), a DHQ (150-item semi-quantitative questionnaire) and a BDHQ (fifty-eight-item fixed-portion-type questionnaire) were completed four times (once per season) at 3-month intervals.

Setting

Three areas in Japan: Osaka, Nagano and Tottori.

Subjects

Ninety-two Japanese women aged 31–69 years and ninety-two Japanese men aged 32–76 years.

Results

Median food group intakes were estimated well for approximately half of the food groups. No statistically significant differences were noted between a 16 d DR and the first DHQ (DHQ1) or between the DR and the first BDHQ (BDHQ1) in fifteen (44 %) and fifteen (52 %) food items for women and in fourteen (41 %) and sixteen (55 %) food items for men, respectively, indicating that both questionnaires estimated median values reasonably well. Median Spearman's correlation coefficients with the DR were 0·43 (range: −0·09 to 0·77) for DHQ1 and 0·44 (range: 0·14 to 0·82) for BDHQ1 in women, with respective values of 0·44 (range: 0·08 to 0·87) and 0·48 (range: 0·22 to 0·83) in men, indicating reasonable ranking ability. Similar results were observed for mean values of the four DHQ and BDHQ.

Conclusions

In terms of food intake estimates, both the DHQ and the BDHQ showed reasonable validity.

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Corresponding author
*Corresponding author: Email stssasak@m.u-tokyo.ac.jp
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Public Health Nutrition
  • ISSN: 1368-9800
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