1Simopoulos, AP. Fatty acids. In: Goldberg, I. ed. Functional Foods. Designer Foods, Pharmafoods, Nutraceuticals. New York: Chapman and Hall, 1998; 355–392.
2Saris, WHM, Asp, NGL, Björck, I, Blaak, E, Bornet, F, Brouns, F, et al. Functional food science and substrate metabolism. Br. J. Nutr. 1998; 80(Suppl. 1): S47–75.
3Austrup, A, Grunwald, GK, Melanson, EL, Saris, WH, Hill, JO. The role of low-fat diets in body weight control: a meta-analysis of ad libitum dietary intervention studies. Int. J. Obes. Relat. Metab. Disord. 2000; 24: 1545–52.
4Bray, GA, Popkin, BM. Dietary fat intake does affect obesity. Am. J. Clin. Nutr. 1998; 68: 1157–73.
5Willett, WC. Is dietary fat a major determinant of body fat? Am. J. Clin. Nutr. 1998; 67(Suppl.): 556S–62S.
6Seidell, JC. Dietary fat and obesity: an epidemiologic perspective. Am. J. Clin. Nutr. 1998; 67(Suppl.): 546S–50S.
7McManus, K, Antinoro, L, Sacks, F. A randomized controlled trial of a moderate-fat, low-energy diet compared with a low-fat, low-energy diet for weight loss in overweight adults. Int. J. Obes. 2001; 25: 1503–11.
8Law, M. Dietary fat and adult diseases and the implications for childhood nutrition: an epidemiologic approach. Am. J. Clin. Nutr. 2000; 72(Suppl.): 1291S–6S.
9Katan, MB, Zock, PL, Mensink, RP. Effects of fats and fatty acids on blood lipids in humans: an overview. Am. J. Clin. Nutr. 1994; 60(Suppl.): 1017S–22S.
10Hornstra, G, Barth, CA, Galli, C, Mensink, RP, Mutanen, M, Riemersma, RA, et al. Functional food science and the cardiovascular system. Br. J. Nutr. 1998; 80(Suppl. 1): S113–46.
11Taubes, G. The soft science of dietary fat. Science 2001; 291: 2536–45.
12Hooper, L, Summerbell, CD, Higgins, JPT, Thompson, RL, Capps, NE, Smith, GD, et al. Dietary fat intake and prevention of cardiovascular disease: systematic review. Br. Med. J. 2001; 322: 757–63.
13Zock, PL. Dietary fats and cancer. Curr. Opin. Lipidol. 2001; 12: 5–10.
14Rose, DP. Dietary fatty acids and cancer. Am. J. Clin. Nutr. 1997; 66(Suppl.): 998S–1003S.
15World Cancer Research Fund/American Institute for Cancer Research (WCRF/AICR). Food, Nutrition and the Prevention of Cancer: A Global Perspective. Washington, DC: WCRF/AICR, 1997; 384–93.
16Owen, RW, Mier, W, Giacosa, A, Hull, WE, Spiegelhalder, B, Bartsch, H. Phenolic compounds and squalene in olive oils: the concentration and antioxidant potential of total phenols, simple phenols, secoiridoids, lignans and squalene. Food Chem. Toxicol. 2000; 38: 647–59.
17Molkentin, J. Occurrence and biochemical characteristics of natural bioactive substances in bovine milk lipids. Br. J. Nutr. 2000; 84(Suppl. 1): S47–53.
18Sanders, TAB. Polyunsaturated fatty acids in the food chain in Europe. Am. J. Clin. Nutr. 2000; 71(Suppl.): 176S–8S.
19Ferro-Luzzi, A, Branca, F. Mediterranean diet, Italian-style: prototype of a healthy diet. Am. J. Clin. Nutr. 1995; 61(Suppl.): 1338S–45S.
20Alberti-Fidanza, A, Fidanza, F, Chiuchiu, MP, Verducci, G, Fruttini, D. Dietary studies on two rural Italian population groups of the Seven Countries Study. 3. Trend of food and nutrient intake from 1960 to 1991. Eur. J. Clin. Nutr. 1999; 53: 854–60.
21Trichopoulou, A, Vasilopoulou, E. Mediterranean diet and longevity. Br. J. Nutr. 2000; 84(Suppl. 2): S205–9.
22Beer-Borst, S, Hercberg, S, Morabia, A, Bernstein, MS, Galan, P, Galasso, R, et al. Dietary patterns in six European populations: results from EURALIM, a collaborate European data harmonization and information campaign. Eur. J. Clin. Nutr. 2000; 54: 253–62.
23Trichopoulou, A, Naska, A, eds. The DAFNE initiative. Assessment of dietary patterns across Europe using household budget survey data. A European Commission-supported project [special issue]. Public Health Nutr. 2001; 4(5B): 1129–98.
24Deharveng, G, Charrondière, UR, Slimani, N, Southgate, DA, Riboli, E. Comparison of nutrients in the food composition tables available in the nine European countries participating in EPIC. Eur. J. Clin. Nutr. 1999; 53: 60–79.
25Slimani, N, Deharveng, G, Charrondière, UR, van Kappel, AL, Ocké, MC, et al. Structure of the standardized computerized 24-h diet recall interview used as reference method in the 22 centres participating in the EPIC project. European Prospective Investigation into Cancer and Nutrition. Comput. Meth. Programs Biomed. 1999; 58: 251–66.
26Kaaks, R, Riboli, E. Validation and calibration of dietary intake measurements in the EPIC project: methodological considerations. European Prospective Investigation into Cancer and Nutrition. Int. J. Epidemiol. 1997; 26(Suppl. 1): S15–25.
27Slimani, N, Kaaks, R, Ferrari, P, Casagrande, C, Clavel-Chapelon, F, Lotze, G, et al. European Prospective Investigation into Cancer and Nutrition (EPIC) calibration study: rationale, design and population characteristics. Public Health Nutr. 2002; 5(6B): 1125–45.
28Slimani, N, Ferrari, P, Ocké, M, Welch, A, Boeing, H, van Liere, M, et al. Standardization of the 24-hour diet recall calibration method used in the European Prospective Investigation into Cancer and Nutrition (EPIC): general concepts and preliminary results. Eur. J. Clin. Nutr. 2000; 54: 900–17.
29Voss, S, Charrondière, UR, Slimani, N, Kroke, A, Riboli, E, Wahrendorf, J, et al. EPIC-SOFT: a European computer program for 24-hour dietary protocols. Z. Ernährungswiss. 1998; 37: 227–33.
30Ferrari, P, Slimani, N, Ciampi, A, Trichopoulou, D, Naska, A, Lauria, C, et al. Evaluation of under- and overreporting of energy intake in the 24-hour diet recalls in the European Prospective Investigation into Cancer and Nutrition (EPIC). Public Health Nutr. 2002; 5(6B): 1329–45.
31Slimani, N, Charrondière, UR, van Staveren, W, Riboli, E. Standardization of food composition databases for the European Investigation into Cancer and Nutrition (EPIC): general theoretical concept. J. Food Comp. Anal. 2000; 13: 567–84.
32Petterson, U, Andren, C, Mattison, I. Fat on bread: an evaluation of photographic aids in portion size estimation. Eur. J. Clin. Nutr. 1998; 52(Suppl. 2): S30.
33Wendel-Vos, GCW, Ocké, MC, Charrondière, UR, Bueno-de-Mesquita, BH. Validity of portion-size photographs of spreading bread in the Dutch part of the EPIC study. Submitted for publication.
34Helsing, E. Trends in fat consumption in Europe and their influence on the Mediterranean diet. Eur. J. Clin. Nutr. 1993; 47(Suppl. 1): S4–12
35Cruz, JAA. Dietary habits and nutritional status in adolescents over Europe – southern Europe. Eur. J. Clin. Nutr. 2000; 54(Suppl. 1): S29–35.
36Scali, J, Richard, A, Gerber, M. Diet profiles in a population sample from Mediterranean southern France. Public Health Nutr. 2001; 4: 172–82.
37Adolf, T, Scheider, R, Eberhardt, W, Hartmann, S, Herwig, A, Heseker, H, et al. Ergebnisse der Nationalen Verzehrsstudie (1985–1988) über die Lebensmittel- und Nährstoffaufnahme in der Bundesrepublik Deutschland. VERA-Schriftenreihe XI. Niederkleen: Wissenschaftlicher Fachverlag Dr. Fleck, 1995.
38Winkler, G, Brasche, S, Döring, A, Heinrich, J. Dietary intake of middle-aged men from an East and a West German city after reunification: do differences still exist? Eur. J. Clin. Nutr. 1998; 52: 98–103.
39German Nutrition Society. Nutrition Report 2000. Frankfurt am Main: Henrich GmbH, 2000.
40Hirsch, T, Kempe, G. Consumption of omega-3 and omega-6 fatty acids in former East and West Germany and changes in East Germany after the reunification. Respir. Med. 1999; 93: 213–6.
41World Health Organization (WHO). Diet, Nutrition and the Prevention of Chronic Diseases. Technical Report Series No. 797. Geneva: WHO, 1990.
42Johansson, L, Thelle, DS, Solvoll, K, Bjorneboe, GE, Drevon, CA. Healthy dietary habits in relation to social determinants and lifestyle factors. Br. J. Nutr. 1999; 81: 211–20.
43Johansson, L, Drevon, CA, Bjorneboe, GE. The Norwegian diet during the last hundred years in relation to coronary heart disease. Eur. J. Clin. Nutr. 1996; 50: 277–83.
44Groth, MV, Fagt, S. Trends in dietary habits in Denmark and Sweden since the 1960s. Ugeskr. Laeger 2001; 163: 425–9.
45Trichopoulou, A, Lagiou, P. Worldwide pattern of dietary lipids intake and health implications. Am. J. Clin. Nutr. 1997; 66(Suppl.): 961S–4S.
46Johansson, LR, Solvoll, K, Bjorneboe, GE, Drevon, CA. Intake of very-long-chain n−3 fatty acids. Eur. J. Clin. Nutr. 1998; 52: 716–21.
47Hjartaker, A, Lund, E. Relationship between dietary habits, age, lifestyle, and socio-economic status among adult Norwegian women. The Norwegian Women and Cancer Study. Eur. J. Clin. Nutr. 1998; 52: 565–72.
48Kushi, LH, Lenart, EB, Willett, WC. Health implications of Mediterranean diets in light of contemporary knowledge. 2. Meat, wine, fats, and oils. Am. J. Clin. Nutr. 1995; 61(Suppl.): 1416S–27S.
49Trichopoulou, A, Lagiou, P, Kuper, H, Trichopoulos, D. Cancer and Mediterranean dietary traditions. Cancer Epidemiol. Biomark. Prev. 2000; 9: 869–73.