Skip to main content Accessibility help
×
Home

Dietary intake of Brazilian adolescents

  • Catarina Machado Azeredo (a1), Leandro Fornias Machado de Rezende (a2), Daniela Silva Canella (a3), Rafael Moreira Claro (a4), Inês Rugani Ribeiro de Castro (a5), Olinda do Carmo Luiz (a2) and Renata Bertazzi Levy (a2)...

Abstract

Objective

To analyse the dietary intake of Brazilian adolescents and investigate its association with sociodemographic factors as well as health-risk and health-protective behaviours.

Design

Cross-sectional study.

Setting

The study was based on data supplied by the National Survey of Schoolchildren’s Health (2012) on sociodemographic factors, dietary intake and health-risk and health-protective behaviours of schoolchildren in Brazil. A nutritional scale was elaborated combining markers of healthy and unhealthy diets. Poisson regression analysis was applied to investigate the association between the sociodemographic factors and regular intake (≥5 times/week) of selected foods; linear regression analysis was applied to investigate the association of sociodemographic and behavioural factors with nutritional scale score.

Subjects

A total of 109 104 adolescents attending the ninth year of education at 2842 schools in Brazil.

Results

Fewer than 30 % of the adolescents consumed raw or cooked vegetables on a regular basis, whereas more than one-third reported regular intake of sweets, soft drinks and sweet biscuits. Adolescents from the southern area and the oldest ones were those most exposed to inadequate dietary intake. The nutritional scale average score was higher in the students attending public school and exhibited a positive correlation with protective behaviours, such as being physically active, having meals with parents and eating breakfast, and a negative correlation with risk behaviours such as eating while studying or watching television and having smoked, drunk alcohol or used other drugs in the previous 30 d.

Conclusions

The results indicate an association between undesirable nutritional habits and other risk behaviours among Brazilian adolescents.

  • View HTML
    • Send article to Kindle

      To send this article to your Kindle, first ensure no-reply@cambridge.org is added to your Approved Personal Document E-mail List under your Personal Document Settings on the Manage Your Content and Devices page of your Amazon account. Then enter the ‘name’ part of your Kindle email address below. Find out more about sending to your Kindle. Find out more about sending to your Kindle.

      Note you can select to send to either the @free.kindle.com or @kindle.com variations. ‘@free.kindle.com’ emails are free but can only be sent to your device when it is connected to wi-fi. ‘@kindle.com’ emails can be delivered even when you are not connected to wi-fi, but note that service fees apply.

      Find out more about the Kindle Personal Document Service.

      Dietary intake of Brazilian adolescents
      Available formats
      ×

      Send article to Dropbox

      To send this article to your Dropbox account, please select one or more formats and confirm that you agree to abide by our usage policies. If this is the first time you use this feature, you will be asked to authorise Cambridge Core to connect with your <service> account. Find out more about sending content to Dropbox.

      Dietary intake of Brazilian adolescents
      Available formats
      ×

      Send article to Google Drive

      To send this article to your Google Drive account, please select one or more formats and confirm that you agree to abide by our usage policies. If this is the first time you use this feature, you will be asked to authorise Cambridge Core to connect with your <service> account. Find out more about sending content to Google Drive.

      Dietary intake of Brazilian adolescents
      Available formats
      ×

Copyright

Corresponding author

* Corresponding author: Email catarina@famed.ufu.br

References

Hide All
1. Hosseinpoor, AR, Bergen, N, Kunst, A et al. (2012) Socioeconomic inequalities in risk factors for non communicable diseases in low-income and middle-income countries: results from the World Health Survey. BMC Public Health 12, 912.
2. Schmidt, MI, Duncan, BB, Azevedo e Silva, G et al. (2011) Chronic non-communicable diseases in Brazil: burden and current challenges. Lancet 377, 19491961.
3. Martins, APB, Levy, RB, Claro, RM et al. (2013) Increased contribution of ultra-processed food products in the Brazilian diet (1987–2009). Rev Saude Publica 47, 110.
4. Monteiro, CA, Levy, RB, Claro, RM et al. (2011) Increasing consumption of ultra-processed foods and likely impact on human health: evidence from Brazil. Public Health Nutr 14, 513.
5. World Health Organization (2003) Diet, Nutrition and the Prevention of Chronic Diseases. Report of a Joint WHO/FAO Expert Consultation. WHO Technical Report Series no. 916. Geneva: WHO.
6. Levy, RB, Claro, RM, Mondini, L et al. (2012) Regional and socioeconomic distribution of household food availability in Brazil, in 2008–2009. Rev Saude Publica 46, 615.
7. Moubarac, JC, Martins, AP, Claro, RM et al. (2013) Consumption of ultra-processed foods and likely impact on human health. Evidence from Canada. Public Health Nutr 16, 22402248.
8. Baş, M, Altan, T, Dinçer, D et al. (2005) Determination of dietary habits as a risk factor of cardiovascular heart disease in Turkish adolescents. Eur J Nutr 44, 174182.
9. Adrian, M, Charlesworth-Attie, S, Vander Stoep, A et al. (2014) Health promotion behaviors in adolescents: prevalence and association with mental health status in a statewide sample. J Behav Health Serv Res 41, 140152.
10. Birkhead, GS, Riser, MH, Mesler, K et al. (2006) Youth development is a public health approach. Introduction. J Public Health Manag Pract Suppl., S1S3.
11. Ministério, do Planejamento, Orçamento, e Gestão, Instituto Brasileiro de Geografia e Estatística & Diretoria de Pesquisas, Coordenação de População e Indicadores Sociais (2013) Pesquisa Nacional de Saúde do Escolar 2012 (National Survey of Schoolchildren’s Health 2012). Rio de Janeiro: IBGE.
12. Levy, RB, de Castro, IRR, Cardoso, LdO et al. (2010) Consumo e comportamento alimentar entre adolescentes brasileiros: Pesquisa Nacional de Saúde do Escolar (PeNSE), 2009 (Food intake and dietary behaviour among Brazilian adolescents: National Survey of Schoolchildren’s Health (PeNSE), 2009). Cien Saude Colet 15, 30853097.
13. Tavares, LF, de Castro, IRR, Levy, RB et al. (2014) Validade relativa de indicadores de práticas alimentares da Pesquisa Nacional de Saúde do Escolar entre adolescentes do Rio de Janeiro, Brasil. Cad Saude Publica 30, 10291041.
14. World Health Organization (2004) Global Strategy on Diet, Physical Activity and Health: Fifty-Seventh World Health Assembly. Geneva: WHO.
15. de Castro, IRR, Cardoso, LO, Engstrom, EM et al. (2008) Vigilância de fatores de risco para doenças não transmissíveis entre adolescentes: a experiência da cidade do Rio de Janeiro, Brasil (Surveillance of risk factors for non-communicable diseases in adolescents: experience in the city of Rio de Janeiro, Brazil). Cad Saude Publica 24, 22792288.
16. World Health Organization (2010) Global Recommendations on Physical Activity for Health. Geneva: WHO.
17. Royston, P & White, IR (2011) Multiple imputation by chained equations (MICE): implementation in Stata. J Stat Softw 45, 120.
18. Barros, AJ & Hirakata, VN (2003) Alternatives for logistic regression in cross-sectional studies: an empirical comparison of models that directly estimate the prevalence ratio. BMC Med Res Methodol 3, 21.
19. Peltzer, K & Pengpid, S (2012) Fruits and vegetables consumption and associated factors among in-school adolescents in five Southeast Asian countries. Int J Environ Res Public Health 9, 35753587.
20. Galán, I, Rodríguez-Artalejo, F, Tobías, A et al. (2005) Clustering of behavior-related risk factors and its association with subjective health. Gac Sanit 19, 370378.
21. Steele, EM, Claro, RM & Monteiro, CA (2014) Behavioural patterns of protective and risk factors for non-communicable diseases in Brazil. Public Health Nutr 17, 369375.
22. Currie, C, Roberts, C, Morgan, A et al. (editors) (2012) Social Determinants of Health and Well-Being Among Young People. Health Behaviour in School-aged Children (HBSC) Study: International Report from the 2009/2010 Survey. Copenhagen: WHO Regional Office for Europe.
23. Eaton, DK, Kann, L, Kinchen, S et al.; Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (2011) Youth risk behavior surveillance – United States, 2011. MMWR Surveill Summ 61, 1162.
24. Diethelm, K, Jankovic, N, Moerno, LA et al. on behalf of the HELENA Study Group (2012) Food intake of European adolescents in the light of different food-based dietary guidelines: results of the HELENA (Healthy Lifestyle in Europe by Nutrition in Adolescence) Study. Public Health Nutr 15, 386398.
25. Brown, K, McIlveen, H & Strugnell, C (2006) Nutritional awareness and food preferences of young consumers. Nutr Food Sci 30, 230235.
26. Contento, IR, Williams, SS, Michela, JL et al. (2006) Understanding the food choice process of adolescents in the context of family and friends. J Adolesc Health 38, 575582.
27. Lamerz, A, Kuepper-Nybelen, J, Wehle, C et al. (2005) Social class, parental education, and obesity prevalence in a study of six-year-old children in Germany. Int J Obes (Lond) 29, 373380.
28. Ministério, da Educação, Fundo Nacional de Desenvolvimento da Educação, Coordenação Geral do Programa Nacional de Alimentação Escolar (2012) Manual de Orientação para a Alimentação Escolar na Educação Infantil, Ensino Fundamental, Ensino Médio e na Educação de Jovens e Adultos (Manual of Orientation for School Nutrition in Pre-school Education, Elementary School, Secondary School and Youth and Adult Education), 2nd ed. Brasília: CECANE-SC.
29. Presidência da República, Casa Civil Subchefia para Assuntos Jurídicos (2007) Decreto nº. 6.286, de 5 de dezembro de 2007 [Decree no. 6.286 from December 5 2007]. http://www.planalto.gov.br/ccivil_03/_Ato2007-2010/2007/Decreto/D6286.htm (accessed November 2013).
30. Cullen, KW, Watson, K & Zakeri, I (2008) Improvements in middle school student dietary intake after implementation of the Texas Public School Nutrition Policy. Am J Public Health 98, 111117.
31. Instituto Brasileiro de Geografia e Estatística (n.d.) Pesquisa Nacional por Amostra de Domicílio (PNAD) 2008/2011. v. 29/31, 2008–2012. http://www.ibge.gov.br/home/estatistica/populacao/trabalhoerendimento/pnad2011/default.shtm (accessed November 2013).

Keywords

Dietary intake of Brazilian adolescents

  • Catarina Machado Azeredo (a1), Leandro Fornias Machado de Rezende (a2), Daniela Silva Canella (a3), Rafael Moreira Claro (a4), Inês Rugani Ribeiro de Castro (a5), Olinda do Carmo Luiz (a2) and Renata Bertazzi Levy (a2)...

Metrics

Full text views

Total number of HTML views: 0
Total number of PDF views: 0 *
Loading metrics...

Abstract views

Total abstract views: 0 *
Loading metrics...

* Views captured on Cambridge Core between <date>. This data will be updated every 24 hours.

Usage data cannot currently be displayed