Skip to main content
×
Home
    • Aa
    • Aa

Disparities in vegetable and fruit consumption: European cases from the north to the south

  • Gun Roos (a1), Lars Johansson (a2), Anu Kasmel (a3), Jurate Klumbiené (a4) and Ritva Prättälä (a5)...
Abstract
AbstractObjective:

To present disparities in consumption of vegetables and fruits in Europe and to discuss how educational level, region and level of consumption influence the variation.

Design:

A review of selected studies from 1985 to 1997.

Setting/subjects:

33 studies (13 dietary surveys, nine household budget surveys and 11 health behaviour surveys) representing 15 European countries were selected based on criteria developed as part of the study. Association between educational level and consumption of vegetables and fruits was registered for each study and common conclusions were identified.

Results:

In the majority of the studies, with the exception of a few in southern and eastern Europe, consumption of vegetables and fruits was more common among those with higher education. The results suggest that in regions where consumption of vegetables and fruits is more common, the lower social classes tend to consume more of these than the higher social classes.

Conclusions:

The differences in the patterns of disparities in vegetable and fruit consumption between regions, as well as within populations, need to be considered when efforts to improve nutrition and health are planned.

  • View HTML
    • Send article to Kindle

      To send this article to your Kindle, first ensure no-reply@cambridge.org is added to your Approved Personal Document E-mail List under your Personal Document Settings on the Manage Your Content and Devices page of your Amazon account. Then enter the ‘name’ part of your Kindle email address below. Find out more about sending to your Kindle.

      Note you can select to send to either the @free.kindle.com or @kindle.com variations. ‘@free.kindle.com’ emails are free but can only be sent to your device when it is connected to wi-fi. ‘@kindle.com’ emails can be delivered even when you are not connected to wi-fi, but note that service fees apply.

      Find out more about the Kindle Personal Document Service.

      Disparities in vegetable and fruit consumption: European cases from the north to the south
      Available formats
      ×
      Send article to Dropbox

      To send this article to your Dropbox account, please select one or more formats and confirm that you agree to abide by our usage policies. If this is the first time you use this feature, you will be asked to authorise Cambridge Core to connect with your Dropbox account. Find out more about sending content to Dropbox.

      Disparities in vegetable and fruit consumption: European cases from the north to the south
      Available formats
      ×
      Send article to Google Drive

      To send this article to your Google Drive account, please select one or more formats and confirm that you agree to abide by our usage policies. If this is the first time you use this feature, you will be asked to authorise Cambridge Core to connect with your Google Drive account. Find out more about sending content to Google Drive.

      Disparities in vegetable and fruit consumption: European cases from the north to the south
      Available formats
      ×
Copyright
Corresponding author
*Corresponding author: Email gun.roos@sifo.no
Linked references
Hide All

This list contains references from the content that can be linked to their source. For a full set of references and notes please see the PDF or HTML where available.

1 G Davey Smith , E Brunner . Socio-economic differentials in health: the role of nutrition. Proc. Nutr. Soc. 1997; 56: 7590.

2 WPT James , M Nelson , A Ralph , S Leather . The contribution of nutrition to inequalities in health. Br. Med. J. 1997; 314: 1545–9.

3 MG Marmot , G Davey Smith , S Stansfeld , C Patel , F North , J Head . Health inequalities among British civil servants: the Whitehall II study. Lancet 1991; 337: 1387–93.

8 R Wilkinson . Unhealthy Societies: The Afflictions of Inequality. London: Routledge, 1996.

9 M Blaxter . Health and Lifestyles. London: Routledge, 1990.

12 S Macintyre . The Black Report and beyond; what are the issues. Soc. Sci. Med. 1997; 44: 723–45.

14 K Stronks , D van de Mheen , CWN Looman and JP Mackenbach . Behavioural and structural factors in the explanation of socio-economic inequalities in health: an empirical analysis. Sociol. Health Illness 1996; 18: 653–74.

20 L Johansson , D Thelle , K Solvoll , G-EAa Bjørneboe & CA Drevon . Healthy dietary habits in relation to social determinants and lifestyle factors. Br. J. Nutr. 1999; 81: 211–20.

23 G Block , B Patterson & A Subar . Fruit, vegetables and cancer prevention: a review of the epidemiological evidence. Nutr. Cancer. 1992; 18: 129.

24 M Wandel . Dietary intake of fruits and vegetables in Norway: influence of life phase and socio-economic factors. Int. J. Food Sci. Nutr. 1995; 46: 291301.

25 L Johansson & LF Andersen . Who eats 5 a day?.: Intake of fruits and vegetables among Norwegians in relation to gender and lifestyle. J. Am. Diet. Assoc. 1998; 98: 689–91.

26 S Havas , J Heimendinger , K Reynolds , T Baranowski , TA Nicklas , D Bishop . 5 a day for better health: A new research initiative. J. Am. Diet. Assoc. 1994; 94: 32–6.

29EPIC Group of Spain. Dietary intake of vegetables and fruits among adults in five regions of Spain. Eur. J. Clin. Nutr. 1999; 53: 174–80.

31 RL Thompson , BM Margetts , VM Speller and D McVey . The Health Education Authority's health and lifestyle survey 1993: who are the low fruit and vegetable consumers? J. Epidemiol. Community Health 1999; 53: 294–9.

32 E Roos , E Lahelma , M Virtanen , R Prättälä and P Pietinen . Gender, socioeconomic status and family status as determinants of food behaviour. Soc. Sci. Med. 1998; 46: 1519–29.

33 A Agudo and G Pera . EPIC Group of Spain. Vegetable and fruit consumption associated with anthropometric, dietary and lifestyle factors in Spain. Public Health Nutr. 1999; 2: 263–71.

38 E Lahelma , O Rahkonen , and M Huuhka . Changes in social patterning of health? The case of Finland 1986–1994. Soc. Sci. Med. 1997; 44: 788–99.

44 B Kussmaul , A Döring , M Stender , G Winkler and U Keil . Zusammenhang zwischen Ernährungsverhalten und Bildungsstand: Ergebnisse der Ernährungserhebung 1984/85 des MONICA-Projektes Augsburg. Z. Ernährungswiss. 1995; 34: 177–82.

52 M Osler and BL Heitmann . Food patterns associated with intakes of fat, carbohydrate and dietary fibre in a cohort of Danish adults followed for six years. Eur. J. Clin. Nutr. 1997; 51: 354–61.

53 M Osler & M Schroll . Lifestyle and prevention of ischaemic heart disease in Denmark: changes in knowledge and behaviour 1982–1992. Eur. J. Public Health 1995; 5: 109–12.

57 T Hirvonen , S Männistö , E Roos , P Pietinen . Increasing prevalence of underreporting does not necessarily distort dietary surveys. Eur. J. Clin. Nutr. 1997; 51: 297301.

58 DD Stallone , EJ Brunner , MG Marmot and SA Bingham . Dietary assessment in Whitehall II: The influence of reporting bias on apparent socioeconomic variation in nutrient intakes. Eur. J. Clin. Nutr. 1997; 51: 815–25.

60 J Macdiarmid and J Blundell . Assessing dietary intake: who, what and why of under-reporting. Nutr. Res. Rev. 1998; 11: 231–53.

61 G Turrell and JM Najman . Collecting food-related data from low socio-economic groups: how adequate are our current research designs? Aust. J. Public Health 1995; 19: 410–6.

62 M Wandel & R Fagerli . Norwegians' opinions of a healthy diet in different stages of life. J. Nutr. Educ. 1999; 31: 339–46.

63 M Caraher , P Dixon , T Lang and R Carr-Hill . Access to healthy foods: part I. Barriers to accessing healthy food: differentials by gender, social class, income and mode of transport. Health Educ. J. 1998; 57: 191201.

Recommend this journal

Email your librarian or administrator to recommend adding this journal to your organisation's collection.

Public Health Nutrition
  • ISSN: 1368-9800
  • EISSN: 1475-2727
  • URL: /core/journals/public-health-nutrition
Please enter your name
Please enter a valid email address
Who would you like to send this to? *
×

Keywords:

Metrics

Full text views

Total number of HTML views: 0
Total number of PDF views: 149 *
Loading metrics...

Abstract views

Total abstract views: 266 *
Loading metrics...

* Views captured on Cambridge Core between September 2016 - 25th September 2017. This data will be updated every 24 hours.