This list contains references from the content that can be linked to their source. For a full set of references and notes please see the PDF or HTML where available.
2H Reichel , HP Koeffler , AW Norman . The role of the vitamin D endocrine system in health and disease. N. Engl. J. Med. 1989; 320: 980–91.
5ED Gorham , FC Garland , CF Garland . Sunlight and breast cancer incidence in the USSR. Int. J. Epidemiol. 1990; 19: 820–4.
6FC Garland , CF Garland , ED Gorham , JF Young . Geographic variation in breast cancer mortality in the United States: a hypothesis involving exposure to solar radiation. Prev. Med. 1990; 19: 614–22.
9C Chouvet , E Vicard , M Devonec , S Saez . 1,25-dihydroxyvitamin D3 inhibitory effect on the growth of two human breast cancer cell lines (MCF-7, BT-20). J. Steroid Biochem. 1986; 24: 373–6.
10L Frappart , N Falette , MF Lefebvre , A Bremond , JL Vauzelle , S Saez . In vitro studies of effects of 1,25-dihydroxyvitamin D3 on the morphology of human breast cancer cell line BT-20. Differentiation 1989; 40: 63–9.
11J Welsh . Induction of apoptosis in breast cancer cells in response to vitamin D and antiestrogens. Biochem. Cell Biol. 1994; 72: 537–47.
12SY James , AG Mackay , KW Colston . Vitamin D derivatives in combination with 9-cis retinoic acid promote active cell death in breast cancer cells. J. Mol. Endocrinol. 1995; 14: 391–4.
13CD Tsoukas , DM Provvedini , SC Manolagas . 1,25-dihydroxyvitamin D3: a novel immunoregulatory hormone. Science 1984; 224(4656): 1438–40.
14TA Reinhardt , CF Ramberg , RL Horst . Comparison of receptor binding, biological activity, and in vivo tracer kinetics for 1,25-dihydroxyvitamin D3, 1,25-dihydroxyvitamin D2, and its 24 epimer. Arch. Biochem. Biophys. 1989; 273: 64–71.
15I Nemere , Y Yoshimoto , AW Norman . Calcium transport in perfused duodena from normal chicks: enhancement within fourteen minutes of exposure to 1,25-dihydroxyvitamin D3. Endocrinology 1984; 115: 1476–83.
16AV Krishnan , D Feldman . Stimulation of 1,25-dihydroxyvitamin D3 receptor gene expression in cultured cells by serum and growth factors. J. Bone Miner. Res. 1991; 6: 1099–107.
17RR Love , RB Mazess , HS Barden , Effects of tamoxifen on bone mineral density in postmenopausal women with breast cancer. N. Engl. J. Med. 1992; 326: 852–6.
19EB Mawer , J Walls , A Howell , M Davies , WA Ratcliffe , NJ Bundred . Serum 1,25-dihydroxyvitamin D may be related inversely to disease activity in breast cancer with bone metastases. J. Clin. Endocrinol. Metab. 1997; 82: 118–22.
20RM Elledge , GM Clark , GC Chamness , CK Osborne . Tumor biologic factors and breast cancer prognosis among white, Hispanic, and black women in the United States. J. Natl. Cancer Inst. 1994; 86: 705–12.
21SA Abrams , KO O'Brien , LK Liang , JE Stuff . Differences in calcium absorption and kinetics between black and white girls aged 5–16 years. J. Bone Miner. Res. 1995; 10: 829–33.
22DE Meier , MM Luckey , S Wallenstein , TL Clemens , ES Orwoll , CI Waslien . Calcium, vitamin D, and parathyroid hormone status in young white and black women: association with racial differences in bone mass. J. Clin. Endocrinol. Metab. 1991; 72: 703–10.
23JR M'Buyamba-Kabangu , R Fagard , P Lijnen , R Bouillon , W Lissens , A Amery . Calcium, vitamin D–endocrine system, and parathyroid hormone in black and white males. Calcif. Tissue Int. 1987; 41: 70–4.
24CA Reasner , JF Dunn , DA Fetchik , Alteration of vitamin D metabolism in Mexican-Americans. J. Bone Miner. Res. 1990; 5: 13–17.
25NH Bell , A Greene , S Epstein , MJ Oexmann , S Shaw , J Shary . Evidence for alteration of the vitamin D–endocrine system in blacks. J. Clin. Invest. 1985; 76: 470–3.
26F Loomis . Skin-pigment regulation of vitamin D biosynthesis in man. Science 1967; 157: 501–6.
27RA Hiatt , N Krieger , B Lobaugh , MK Drezner , JH Vogelman , N Orentreich . Prediagnostic serum vitamin D and breast cancer. J. Natl. Cancer Inst. 1998; 90: 461–3.
32JR Harris , ME Lippman , U Veronesi , W Willet . Breast cancer. N. Engl. J. Med. 1992; 327: 319–28.
34SS Sherman , BW Hollis , JD Tobin . Vitamin D status and related parameters in a healthy population: the effects of age, sex, and season. J. Clin. Endocrinol. Metab. 1990; 71: 405–13.
36BP Halloran , AA Portale , ET Lonergan , RC Morris Jr. Production and metabolic clearance of 1,25-dihydroxyvitamin D in men: effect of advancing age. J. Clin. Endocrinol. Metab. 1990; 70: 318–23.
37KS Tsai , HW Wahner , KP Offord , LJ Melton III, R Kumar BL Riggs . Effect of aging on vitamin D stores and bone density in women. Calcif. Tissue Int. 1987; 40: 241–3.
38FM Gloth III, CM Gundberg , BW Hollis , JG Haddad , JD Tobin . Vitamin D deficiency in homebound elderly persons. JAMA 1995; 274: 1683–6.
42KS Tsai , H Heath III, R Kumar , BL Riggs . Impaired vitamin D metabolism with aging in women. J. Clin. Invest. 1984; 73: 1668–72.
46N Ikekawa . Structures and biological activities of vitamin D metabolites and their analog. Med. Res. Rev. 1987; 7: 333–66.
48RG Mehta , RM Moriarty , RR Mehta , Prevention of preneoplastic mammary lesion development by a novel vitamin D analogue, 1a-hydroxyvitamin D5. J. Natl. Cancer. Inst. 1997; 89: 212–18.