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Dietary patterns and risk of oesophageal squamous cell carcinoma: a case–control study

  • Bahareh Hajizadeh (a1) (a2), Bahram Rashidkhani (a2), Anahita H Rad (a2), Seyed M Moasheri (a3) and Hojjatollah Saboori (a1)...
Abstract
AbstractObjective

We conducted a hospital-based, case–control study to examine the association between dietary patterns and the risk of oesophageal squamous cell carcinoma in Iran.

Design

A total of forty-seven patients with oesophageal squamous cell carcinoma and ninety-six controls underwent face-to-face interviews. Factor analysis was used to detect dietary patterns. Multivariate logistic regression was used to estimate OR and 95 % CI.

Results

We defined two major dietary patterns in this population: ‘healthy diet’ (high in vegetables, nuts, fruits, low-fat dairy and fish) and ‘western diet’ (high in solid oil, sugar, sweets, tea, eggs, pickles and processed meat). Both healthy and western pattern scores were divided into two categories (based on medians). Higher healthy pattern scores were significantly associated with decreased risk of oesophageal squamous cell carcinoma (high: second median v. low: first median, OR = 0·17, 95 % CI 0·19, 0·98). An increased risk of oesophageal squamous cell carcinoma was observed with the western pattern (high: second median v. low: first median, OR = 10·13, 95 % CI 8·45, 43·68).

Conclusions

The results of the present study suggested that diet might be associated with oesophageal carcinoma.

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Copyright
Corresponding author
*Corresponding author: Email Bhhajizadeh@yahoo.com
Linked references
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This list contains references from the content that can be linked to their source. For a full set of references and notes please see the PDF or HTML where available.

2.WJ Blot , JK McLaughlin & JF Fraumeni Jr (2006) Esophageal cancer. In Cancer Epidemiology and Prevention, 3th ed., pp. 697706. [D Schottenfeld and JF Fraumeni Jr, editors]. New York: Oxford University Press.

9.JO Kim & CW Mueller (1978) Factor Analysis: Statistical Methods and Practical Issues. Thousand Oaks, CA: Sage Publications.

10.WC Willett (1998) Nutritional Epidemiology, 2nd ed. New York: Oxford University Press.

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Public Health Nutrition
  • ISSN: 1368-9800
  • EISSN: 1475-2727
  • URL: /core/journals/public-health-nutrition
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