Skip to main content
×
Home
    • Aa
    • Aa
  • Access
  • Cited by 16
  • Cited by
    This article has been cited by the following publications. This list is generated based on data provided by CrossRef.

    Aakre, Inger Strand, Tor Bjøro, Trine Norheim, Ingrid Barikmo, Ingrid Ares, Susana Alcorta, Marta and Henjum, Sigrun 2016. Thyroid Function among Breastfed Children with Chronically Excessive Iodine Intakes. Nutrients, Vol. 8, Issue. 7, p. 398.


    Awad, Saad Al Shahrani Ashraf, El Metwally Khaled, Al Surimi Salih, Bin Salih Yousef, Saleh Abeer, Al Shehri and Anna, Ali 2016. The epidemiology of thyroid diseases in the Arab world: A systematic review. Journal of Public Health and Epidemiology, Vol. 8, Issue. 2, p. 17.


    Lv, Shengmin Xie, Lijun Xu, Dong Wang, Yuchun Jia, Lihui and Du, Yonggui 2016. Effect of reducing iodine excess on children’s goiter prevalence in areas with high iodine in drinking water. Endocrine, Vol. 52, Issue. 2, p. 296.


    Méndez-Villa, Lorena García-Solís, Pablo Solís-S, Juan Carlos García-Gutiérrez, David Gustavo Pérez-Mora, Valeria Alejandra Robles-Osorio, Ludivina and Sampson-Zaldívar, Eduardo 2016. High Iodine and Salt Intakes and Obesity do not Modify the Thyroid Function in Mexican Schoolchildren. Biological Trace Element Research, Vol. 172, Issue. 2, p. 290.


    Tondeur, Melody C Salse, U Núria Wilkinson, Caroline Spiegel, Paul and Seal, Andrew J 2016. Rapid acceptability and adherence testing of a lipid-based nutrient supplement and a micronutrient powder among refugee children and pregnant and lactating women in Algeria. Public Health Nutrition, Vol. 19, Issue. 10, p. 1852.


    Aakre, Inger Bjøro, Trine Norheim, Ingrid Strand, Tor A. Barikmo, Ingrid and Henjum, Sigrun 2015. Excessive iodine intake and thyroid dysfunction among lactating Saharawi women. Journal of Trace Elements in Medicine and Biology, Vol. 31, p. 279.


    Aakre, Inger Bjøro, Trine Norheim, Ingrid Strand, Tor A. Barikmo, Ingrid and Henjum, Sigrun 2015. Development of thyroid dysfunction among women with excessive iodine intake – A 3-year follow-up. Journal of Trace Elements in Medicine and Biology, Vol. 31, p. 61.


    Lee, Jeehhun Kim, Jeong Hyun Lee, Soo-Youn and Lee, Jun Hwa 2014. Iodine status in Korean preschool children as determined by urinary iodine excretion. European Journal of Nutrition, Vol. 53, Issue. 2, p. 683.


    Luo, Yuqian Kawashima, Akira Ishido, Yuko Yoshihara, Aya Oda, Kenzaburo Hiroi, Naoki Ito, Tetsuhide Ishii, Norihisa and Suzuki, Koichi 2014. Iodine Excess as an Environmental Risk Factor for Autoimmune Thyroid Disease. International Journal of Molecular Sciences, Vol. 15, Issue. 7, p. 12895.


    Lv, Shengmin Xu, Dong Wang, Yuchun Chong, Zhenshui Du, Yonggui Jia, Lihui Zhao, Jun and Ma, Jing 2014. Goitre prevalence and epidemiological features in children living in areas with mildly excessive iodine in drinking-water. British Journal of Nutrition, Vol. 111, Issue. 01, p. 86.


    Volpato, Gabriele and Howard, Patricia 2014. The material and cultural recovery of camels and camel husbandry among Sahrawi refugees of Western Sahara. Pastoralism, Vol. 4, Issue. 1,


    Henjum, Sigrun Barikmo, Ingrid Strand, Tor A Oshaug, Arne and Torheim, Liv Elin 2012. Iodine-induced goitre and high prevalence of anaemia among Saharawi refugee women. Public Health Nutrition, Vol. 15, Issue. 08, p. 1512.


    Zimmermann, Michael B and Andersson, Maria 2012. Assessment of iodine nutrition in populations: past, present, and future. Nutrition Reviews, Vol. 70, Issue. 10, p. 553.


    Barikmo, Ingrid Henjum, Sigrun Dahl, Lisbeth Oshaug, Arne and Torheim, Liv Elin 2011. Environmental implication of iodine in water, milk and other foods used in Saharawi refugees camps in Tindouf, Algeria. Journal of Food Composition and Analysis, Vol. 24, Issue. 4-5, p. 637.


    Speeckaert, Marijn M. Speeckaert, Reinhart Wierckx, Katrien Delanghe, Joris R. and Kaufman, Jean-Marc 2011. Value and pitfalls in iodine fortification and supplementation in the 21st century. British Journal of Nutrition, Vol. 106, Issue. 07, p. 964.


    Henjum, Sigrun Strand, Tor A Torheim, Liv E Oshaug, Arne and Parr, Christine L 2010. Data quality and practical challenges of thyroid volume assessment by ultrasound under field conditions - observer errors may affect prevalence estimates of goitre. Nutrition Journal, Vol. 9, Issue. 1,


    ×

Endemic goitre and excessive iodine in urine and drinking water among Saharawi refugee children

  • Sigrun Henjum (a1), Ingrid Barikmo (a1), Anne Karine Gjerlaug (a1), Abderraháman Mohamed-Lehabib (a2), Arne Oshaug (a1), Tor Arne Strand (a3) (a4) and Liv Elin Torheim (a5)
  • DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1017/S1368980010000650
  • Published online: 01 April 2010
Abstract
AbstractObjective

To assess the prevalence of enlarged thyroid volume (Tvol) in Saharawi refugee children, and their urinary iodine concentration (UIC), and to identify possible sources of excess iodine intake.

Design

A cross-sectional survey was performed during January–February 2007. Tvol was measured by ultrasound and iodine concentration was analysed in casual urine samples, in household drinking water and in milk samples from household livestock.

Setting

The study was undertaken in four refugee camps in the Algerian desert.

Subjects

The subjects were 421 Saharawi children, 6–14 years old.

Results

Enlarged Tvol was found in 56 % (Tvol-for-age) and 86 % (Tvol-for-body-surface-area) of the children. The median (25th percentile–75th percentile, P25–P75) UIC was 565 (357–887) μg/l. The median (P25–P75) iodine concentration in household drinking water was 108 (77–297) μg/l. None of the children had UIC below 100 μg/l, 16 % had UIC between 100 and 299 μg/l, and 84 % had UIC above 300 μg/l. There was a positive association between Tvol and whether the household possessed livestock.

Conclusions

The children are suffering from endemic goitre and high UIC caused probably by an excessive intake of iodine. The excessive iodine intakes probably originate from drinking water and milk.

  • View HTML
    • Send article to Kindle

      To send this article to your Kindle, first ensure coreplatform@cambridge.org is added to your Approved Personal Document E-mail List under your Personal Document Settings on the Manage Your Content and Devices page of your Amazon account. Then enter the ‘name’ part of your Kindle email address below. Find out more about sending to your Kindle.

      Note you can select to send to either the @free.kindle.com or @kindle.com variations. ‘@free.kindle.com’ emails are free but can only be sent to your device when it is connected to wi-fi. ‘@kindle.com’ emails can be delivered even when you are not connected to wi-fi, but note that service fees apply.

      Find out more about the Kindle Personal Document Service.

      Endemic goitre and excessive iodine in urine and drinking water among Saharawi refugee children
      Your Kindle email address
      Available formats
      ×
      Send article to Dropbox

      To send this article to your Dropbox account, please select one or more formats and confirm that you agree to abide by our usage policies. If this is the first time you use this feature, you will be asked to authorise Cambridge Core to connect with your Dropbox account. Find out more about sending content to Dropbox.

      Endemic goitre and excessive iodine in urine and drinking water among Saharawi refugee children
      Available formats
      ×
      Send article to Google Drive

      To send this article to your Google Drive account, please select one or more formats and confirm that you agree to abide by our usage policies. If this is the first time you use this feature, you will be asked to authorise Cambridge Core to connect with your Google Drive account. Find out more about sending content to Google Drive.

      Endemic goitre and excessive iodine in urine and drinking water among Saharawi refugee children
      Available formats
      ×
Copyright
Corresponding author
*Corresponding author: Email sigrun.henjum@hiak.no
Linked references
Hide All

This list contains references from the content that can be linked to their source. For a full set of references and notes please see the PDF or HTML where available.

1.P Laurberg , I Bulow Pedersen , N Knudsen (2001) Environmental iodine intake affects the type of nonmalignant thyroid disease. Thyroid 11, 457469.

6.FJ Díaz-Cadórniga , E Delgado , T Tartón (2003) Bocio endémico por exceso de yodo en la población escolar de los campos de refugiados de la RASD (República Árabe Saharaui Democrática). Endocrinol Nutr 50, 357362.

10.J Brunn , U Block , G Ruf (1981) [Volumetric analysis of thyroid lobes by real-time ultrasound]. Dtsch Med Wochenschr 106, 13381340.

13.M Zimmermann , A Saad , S Hess (2000) Thyroid ultrasound compared with World Health Organization 1960 and 1994 palpation criteria for determination of goiter prevalence in regions of mild and severe iodine deficiency. Eur J Endocrinol 143, 727731.

14.EB Sandell & IM Kolthoff (1937) Micro determination of iodine by catalytic method. Mikrochim Acta 1, 915.

16.M Haldimann , A Eastgate & B Zimmerli (2000) Improved measurement of iodine in food samples using inductively coupled plasma isotope dilution mass spectrometry. Analyst 125, 19771982.

17.M de Onis , AW Onyango , E Borghi (2007) Development of a WHO growth reference for school-aged children and adolescents. Bull World Health Organ 85, 660667.

18.P Vitti , E Martino , F Aghini-Lombardi (1994) Thyroid volume measurement by ultrasound in children as a tool for the assessment of mild iodine deficiency. J Clin Endocrinol Metab 79, 600603.

19.A Rossi , E Tomimori , R Camargo (2002) Determination of thyroid volume by sonography in healthy Brazilian schoolchildren. J Clin Ultrasound 30, 226231.

20.E Gaitan (1990) Goitrogens in food and water. Annu Rev Nutr 10, 2139.

21.EN Pearce , AR Gerber , DB Gootnick (2002) Effects of chronic iodine excess in a cohort of long-term American workers in West Africa. J Clin Endocrinol Metab 87, 54995502.

24.Institute of Medicine (2001) Dietary Reference Intakes for Vitamin A, Vitamin K, Arsenic, Boron, Chromium, Copper Iodine, Iron, Manganese, Molybdenum, Nickel, Silicon, Vanadium and Zinc: A Report of the Panel on Micronutrients, Subcommittees on Upper Reference Levels of Nutrients and Interpretation and Uses of Dietary Reference Intakes, and the Standing Committee on the Scientific Evaluation of Dietary Reference Intakes. Washington, DC: National Academy Press.

25.JT Dunn , HE Crutchfield , R Gutekunst (1993) Two simple methods for measuring iodine in urine. Thyroid 3, 119123.

26.H Namba , S Yamashita , H Kimura (1993) Evidence of thyroid volume increase in normal subjects receiving excess iodide. J Clin Endocrinol Metab 76, 605608.

Recommend this journal

Email your librarian or administrator to recommend adding this journal to your organisation's collection.

Public Health Nutrition
  • ISSN: 1368-9800
  • EISSN: 1475-2727
  • URL: /core/journals/public-health-nutrition
Please enter your name
Please enter a valid email address
Who would you like to send this to? *
×

Keywords: