Skip to main content
×
Home
    • Aa
    • Aa
  • Access
  • Cited by 2
  • Cited by
    This article has been cited by the following publications. This list is generated based on data provided by CrossRef.

    Nowson, Caryl Lim, Karen Grimes, Carley O’Halloran, Siobhan Land, Mary Webster, Jacqui Shaw, Jonathan Chalmers, John Smith, Wayne Flood, Victoria Woodward, Mark and Neal, Bruce 2015. Dietary Salt Intake and Discretionary Salt Use in Two General Population Samples in Australia: 2011 and 2014. Nutrients, Vol. 7, Issue. 12, p. 10501.


    Turner, Kirsty M. Clifton, Peter M. and Keogh, Jennifer B. 2015. Sodium and potassium excretion are related to bone mineral density in women with coeliac disease. Clinical Nutrition, Vol. 34, Issue. 2, p. 265.


    ×

Foods contributing to sodium intake and urinary sodium excretion in a group of Australian women

  • Jennifer B Keogh (a1), Kylie Lange (a2), Rebecca Hogarth (a3) (a4) and Peter M Clifton (a2)
  • DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1017/S1368980012004016
  • Published online: 31 August 2012
Abstract
AbstractObjectives

To identify food sources of Na in a group of community-dwelling women in Adelaide, South Australia. A secondary aim was to measure Na excretion in this group.

Design

Survey.

Setting

Community setting, Adelaide, South Australia.

Subjects

Seventy healthy women (mean age 48·6 (sd 8·1) years, mean BMI 28·6 (sd 6·3) kg/m2) living in metropolitan Adelaide, South Australia and participating in a validation study of an FFQ. Dietary intake was derived from two 4 d weighed food records. Foods from the 4 d weighed food records were grouped according to foods or food groups to establish contributors to Na intake. Na excretion was measured in two 24 h urine samples. Completeness of urine collections was verified using creatinine excretion.

Results

Bread alone contributed 19·0 % of Na intake, with an overall contribution from the breads and cereals group of 32·5 %. Meat products contributed 14·4 % of intake, the dairy and eggs group (excluding cheese) 9·6 % and combination dishes (e.g. pizza, quiche, sandwiches and stir fry dishes) 8·4 %. Na excretion was 126 (sd 42) mmol/d, i.e. approximately 7·6 (sd 2.5) g salt/d. Seventy per cent of participants (n 48) had Na excretion ≥100 mmol/d (146 (sd 34) mmol/d).

Conclusions

Effective Na reduction could be achieved by reducing the amount in staple foods such as bread and meat products.

  • View HTML
    • Send article to Kindle

      To send this article to your Kindle, first ensure coreplatform@cambridge.org is added to your Approved Personal Document E-mail List under your Personal Document Settings on the Manage Your Content and Devices page of your Amazon account. Then enter the ‘name’ part of your Kindle email address below. Find out more about sending to your Kindle.

      Note you can select to send to either the @free.kindle.com or @kindle.com variations. ‘@free.kindle.com’ emails are free but can only be sent to your device when it is connected to wi-fi. ‘@kindle.com’ emails can be delivered even when you are not connected to wi-fi, but note that service fees apply.

      Find out more about the Kindle Personal Document Service.

      Foods contributing to sodium intake and urinary sodium excretion in a group of Australian women
      Your Kindle email address
      Available formats
      ×
      Send article to Dropbox

      To send this article to your Dropbox account, please select one or more formats and confirm that you agree to abide by our usage policies. If this is the first time you use this feature, you will be asked to authorise Cambridge Core to connect with your Dropbox account. Find out more about sending content to Dropbox.

      Foods contributing to sodium intake and urinary sodium excretion in a group of Australian women
      Available formats
      ×
      Send article to Google Drive

      To send this article to your Google Drive account, please select one or more formats and confirm that you agree to abide by our usage policies. If this is the first time you use this feature, you will be asked to authorise Cambridge Core to connect with your Google Drive account. Find out more about sending content to Google Drive.

      Foods contributing to sodium intake and urinary sodium excretion in a group of Australian women
      Available formats
      ×
Copyright
Corresponding author
*Corresponding author: Email Jennifer.keogh@unisa.edu.au
Linked references
Hide All

This list contains references from the content that can be linked to their source. For a full set of references and notes please see the PDF or HTML where available.

1.FJ He & GA MacGregor (2010) Reducing population salt intake worldwide: from evidence to implementation. Prog Cardiovasc Dis 52, 363382.

2.K Bibbins-Domingo , GM Chertow , PG Coxson et al. (2010) Projected effect of dietary salt reductions on future cardiovascular disease. N Engl J Med 362, 590599.

3.NR Cook , JA Cutler , E Obarzanek et al. (2007) Long term effects of dietary sodium reduction on cardiovascular disease outcomes: observational follow-up of the trials of hypertension prevention (TOHP). BMJ 334, 885888.

4.PK Whelton , L Appel , J Charleston et al. (1992) The effects of nonpharmacologic interventions on blood pressure of persons with high normal levels. Results of the Trials of Hypertension Prevention, Phase I. JAMA 267, 12131220.

5.The Trials of Hypertension Prevention Collaborative Research Group (1997) Effects of weight loss and sodium reduction intervention on blood pressure and hypertension incidence in overweight people with high-normal blood pressure. The Trials of Hypertension Prevention, Phase II. Arch Intern Med 157, 657667.

6.KM Dickinson , JB Keogh & PM Clifton (2009) Effects of a low-salt diet on flow-mediated dilatation in humans. Am J Clin Nutr 89, 485490.

7.KM Dickinson , PM Clifton & JB Keogh (2011) Endothelial function is impaired after a high-salt meal in healthy subjects. Am J Clin Nutr 93, 500505.

8.AS Todd , RJ Macginley , JB Schollum et al. (2010) Dietary salt loading impairs arterial vascular reactivity. Am J Clin Nutr 91, 557564.

13.K Charlton , H Yeatman , F Houweling et al. (2010) Urinary sodium excretion, dietary sources of sodium intake and knowledge and practices around salt use in a group of healthy Australian women. Aust N Z J Public Health 34, 356363.

15.CA Anderson , LJ Appel , N Okuda et al. (2010) Dietary sources of sodium in China, Japan, the United Kingdom, and the United States, women and men aged 40 to 59 years: the INTERMAP study. J Am Diet Assoc 110, 736745.

16.IJ Brown , I Tzoulaki , V Candeias et al. (2009) Salt intakes around the world: implications for public health. Int J Epidemiol 38, 791813.

17.JL Webster , EK Dunford & BC Neal (2010) A systematic survey of the sodium contents of processed foods. Am J Clin Nutr 91, 413420.

18.BM Thomson , RW Vannoort & RM Haslemore (2008) Dietary exposure and trends of exposure to nutrient elements iodine, iron, selenium and sodium from the 2003–4 New Zealand Total Diet Survey. Br J Nutr 99, 614625.

21.C Lassale , C Guilbert , J Keogh et al. (2009) Estimating food intakes in Australia: validation of the Commonwealth Scientific and Industrial Research Organisation (CSIRO) food frequency questionnaire against weighed dietary intakes. J Hum Nutr Diet 22, 559566.

26.A Villani , PM Clifton & JB Keogh (2012) Sodium intake and excretion in individuals with type 2 diabetes mellitus: a cross-sectional analysis of overweight and obese males and females in Australia. J Hum Nutr Diet 25, 129139.

28.DP Bolhuis , EHM Temme , FT Koeman et al. (2011) A salt reduction of 50 % in bread does not decrease bread consumption or increase sodium intake by the choice of sandwich fillings. J Nutr 141, 22492255.

29.CA Grimes , CA Nowson & M Lawrence (2008) An evaluation of the reported sodium content of Australian food products. Int J Food Sci Technol 43, 22192229.

30.S Voss , A Kroke , K Klipstein-Grobusch et al. (1997) Obesity as a major determinant of underreporting in a self-administered food frequency questionnaire: results from the EPIC-Potsdam Study. Z Ernahrungswiss 36, 229236.

31.S Bingham & JH Cummings (1983) The use of 4-aminobenzoic acid as a marker to validate the completeness of 24 h urine collections in man. Clin Sci (Lond) 64, 629635.

Recommend this journal

Email your librarian or administrator to recommend adding this journal to your organisation's collection.

Public Health Nutrition
  • ISSN: 1368-9800
  • EISSN: 1475-2727
  • URL: /core/journals/public-health-nutrition
Please enter your name
Please enter a valid email address
Who would you like to send this to? *
×

Keywords: