Skip to main content Accessibility help
×
Home

Gender-specific relationships between alcohol drinking patterns and metabolic syndrome: the Korea National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey 2008

  • Kayoung Lee (a1)

Abstract

Objective

To examine gender-specific relationships between alcohol drinking patterns (average drinking frequency, typical drinking quantity and frequency of binge drinking) and the prevalence of metabolic syndrome (MetS) and its components in the Korean population.

Design

Cross-sectional study using complex sampling design analyses.

Setting

The Korea National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey IV, which was conducted in 2008.

Subjects

Current drinkers (n 3793, 1963 men and 1830 women).

Results

After adjusting for confounders (age, educational level, income, physical activity, smoking, energy intake and drinking frequency in the analysis for drinking quantity), the associations of drinking quantity and frequency of binge drinking with the prevalence of MetS were gender-specific. Seven or more drinks for men and ≥3 drinks for women per typical occasion and binge drinking ≥1 time/week for both sexes resulted in significantly higher odds for the prevalence of MetS compared with men and women who had 1 or 2 drinks and no instances of binge drinking. The association of drinking quantity and the criteria of MetS was stronger for men with high blood pressure and abdominal obesity, whereas it was stronger for women with high glucose. Binge drinking frequency was dose-dependently associated with high TAG, high glucose, high blood pressure and abdominal obesity in men, and with high glucose and high blood pressure in women. Interestingly, average drinking frequency was not associated with the prevalence of MetS in either sex.

Conclusions

Higher drinking quantity and frequent binge drinking are indicators of a higher prevalence of MetS, and the association strength is thought to be gender-specific.

  • View HTML
    • Send article to Kindle

      To send this article to your Kindle, first ensure no-reply@cambridge.org is added to your Approved Personal Document E-mail List under your Personal Document Settings on the Manage Your Content and Devices page of your Amazon account. Then enter the ‘name’ part of your Kindle email address below. Find out more about sending to your Kindle. Find out more about sending to your Kindle.

      Note you can select to send to either the @free.kindle.com or @kindle.com variations. ‘@free.kindle.com’ emails are free but can only be sent to your device when it is connected to wi-fi. ‘@kindle.com’ emails can be delivered even when you are not connected to wi-fi, but note that service fees apply.

      Find out more about the Kindle Personal Document Service.

      Gender-specific relationships between alcohol drinking patterns and metabolic syndrome: the Korea National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey 2008
      Available formats
      ×

      Send article to Dropbox

      To send this article to your Dropbox account, please select one or more formats and confirm that you agree to abide by our usage policies. If this is the first time you use this feature, you will be asked to authorise Cambridge Core to connect with your <service> account. Find out more about sending content to Dropbox.

      Gender-specific relationships between alcohol drinking patterns and metabolic syndrome: the Korea National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey 2008
      Available formats
      ×

      Send article to Google Drive

      To send this article to your Google Drive account, please select one or more formats and confirm that you agree to abide by our usage policies. If this is the first time you use this feature, you will be asked to authorise Cambridge Core to connect with your <service> account. Find out more about sending content to Google Drive.

      Gender-specific relationships between alcohol drinking patterns and metabolic syndrome: the Korea National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey 2008
      Available formats
      ×

Copyright

Corresponding author

*Corresponding author: Email kayoung.fmlky@gmail.com

References

Hide All
1. Baik, I & Shin, C (2008) Prospective study of alcohol consumption and metabolic syndrome. Am J Clin Nutr 87, 14551463.
2. Fujita, N & Takei, Y (2011) Alcohol consumption and metabolic syndrome. Hepatol Res 41, 287295.
3. Ohmori, S, Kiyohara, Y, Kato, I et al. (2002) Alcohol intake and future incidence of hypertension in a general Japanese population: the Hisayama study. Alcohol Clin Exp Res 26, 10101016.
4. Yoon, YS, Oh, SW, Baik, HW et al. (2004) Alcohol consumption and the metabolic syndrome in Korean adults: the 1998 Korean National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey. Am J Clin Nutr 80, 217224.
5. Alkerwi, A, Boutsen, M, Vaillant, M et al. (2009) Alcohol consumption and the prevalence of metabolic syndrome: a meta-analysis of observational studies. Atherosclerosis 204, 624635.
6. Fan, AZ, Russell, M, Naimi, T et al. (2008) Patterns of alcohol consumption and the metabolic syndrome. J Clin Endocrinol Metab 93, 38333838.
7. Korean Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (2009) The Fourth Korea National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey (KNHANES) IV-2 Survey summaries. 2009. Osong, Chungcheong Buk-Do, Republic of Korea: Korea Centers for Disease Control and Prevention.
8. Lee, SY, Park, HS, Kim, DJ et al. (2007) Appropriate waist circumference cutoff points for central obesity in Korean adults. Diabetes Res Clin Pract 75, 7280.
9. Grundy, SM, Cleeman, JI, Daniels, SR et al. (2005) Diagnosis and management of the metabolic syndrome: an American Heart Association/National Heart, Lung, and Blood Institute Scientific Statement. Circulation 112, 27352752.
10. Djousse, L, Arnett, DK, Eckfeldt, JH et al. (2004) Alcohol consumption and metabolic syndrome: does the type of beverage matter? Obes Res 12, 13751385.
11. Park, YW, Zhu, S, Palaniappan, L et al. (2003) The metabolic syndrome: prevalence and associated risk factor findings in the US population from the Third National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey, 1988–1994. Arch Intern Med 163, 427436.
12. Zhu, S, St-Onge, MP, Heshka, S et al. (2004) Lifestyle behaviors associated with lower risk of having the metabolic syndrome. Metabolism 53, 15031511.
13. Rosell, M, De Faire, U & Hellenius, ML (2003) Low prevalence of the metabolic syndrome in wine drinkers – is it the alcohol beverage or the lifestyle? Eur J Clin Nutr 57, 227234.
14. Wilsgaard, T & Jacobsen, BK (2007) Lifestyle factors and incident metabolic syndrome. The Tromso Study 1979–2001. Diabetes Res Clin Pract 78, 217224.
15. Santos, AC, Ebrahim, S & Barros, H (2007) Alcohol intake, smoking, sleeping hours, physical activity and the metabolic syndrome. Prev Med 44, 328334.
16. Wannamethee, SG, Shaper, AG & Whincup, PH (2006) Modifiable lifestyle factors and the metabolic syndrome in older men: effects of lifestyle changes. J Am Geriatr Soc 54, 19091914.
17. Urashima, M, Wada, T, Fukumoto, T et al. (2005) Prevalence of metabolic syndrome in a 22,892 Japanese population and its associations with life style. JMAJ 48, 441450.
18. Yokoyama, H, Hiroshi, H, Ohgo, H et al. (2007) Effects of excessive ethanol consumption on the diagnosis of the metabolic syndrome using its clinical diagnostic criteria. Intern Med 46, 13451352.
19. Brien, SE, Ronksley, PE, Turner, BJ et al. (2011) Effect of alcohol consumption on biological markers associated with risk of coronary heart disease: systematic review and meta-analysis of interventional studies. BMJ 342, d636.
20. Baliunas, DO, Taylor, BJ, Irving, H et al. (2009) Alcohol as a risk factor for type 2 diabetes. Diabetes Care 32, 21232132.
21. Joosten, MM, Chiuve, SE, Mukamal, KJ et al. (2011) Changes in alcohol consumption and subsequent risk of type 2 diabetes in men. Diabetes 60, 7479.
22. Xin, X, He, J, Frontini, MG et al. (2001) Effects of alcohol reduction on blood pressure: a meta-analysis of randomized controlled trials. Hypertension 38, 11121117.
23. Schröder, H, Morales-Molina, J, Bermejo, S et al. (2007) Relationship of abdominal obesity with alcohol consumption at population scale. Eur J Nutr 46, 369376.
24. Wang, L, Lee, I-M, Manson, JE et al. (2010) Alcohol consumption, weight gain, and risk of becoming overweight in middle-aged and older women. Arch Intern Med 170, 453461.
25. Freiberg, MS, Cabral, HJ, Heeren, TC et al. (2004) Alcohol consumption and the prevalence of the metabolic syndrome in the US: a cross-sectional analysis of data from the Third National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey. Diabetes Care 27, 29542959.

Keywords

Gender-specific relationships between alcohol drinking patterns and metabolic syndrome: the Korea National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey 2008

  • Kayoung Lee (a1)

Metrics

Altmetric attention score

Full text views

Total number of HTML views: 0
Total number of PDF views: 0 *
Loading metrics...

Abstract views

Total abstract views: 0 *
Loading metrics...

* Views captured on Cambridge Core between <date>. This data will be updated every 24 hours.

Usage data cannot currently be displayed