3.Yang K (2001) The Hmong in America: twenty-five years after the US secret war in Laos. J Asian Am Stud 4, 165–174.
4.Franzen L & Smith C (2009) Acculturation and environmental change impacts dietary habits among adult Hmong. Appetite 52, 173–183.
5.Franzen L & Smith C (2009) Differences in stature, BMI, and dietary practices between US born and newly immigrated Hmong children. Soc Sci Med 29, 442–450.
6.Fadiman A (1997) The Spirit Catches You and You Fall Down: A Hmong Child, Her American Doctors, and the Collision of Two Cultures. New York: The Noonday Press.
7.Johnson SK (2002) Hmong health beliefs and experiences in the western health care system. J Transcult Nurs 13, 126–132.
9.Pfeifer ME & Lee S (2004) Hmong population, demographic, socioeconomic, and educational trends in the 2000 Census. Hmong 2000 Census Publication: data and analysis. A publication of Hmong National Development, Inc. and the Hmong Cultural and Resource Center. http://hmongstudies.org/2000HmongCensusPublication.pdf (accessed March 2011).
10.Clarkin PF (2008) Adiposity and height of adult Hmong refugees: relationship with war-related early malnutrition and later migration. Am J Hum Biol 20, 174–184.
11.Franzen L & Smith C (2010) Food system access, shopping behavior, and influences on purchasing groceries in adult Hmong living in Minnesota. Am J Health Promot 24, 396–409.
12.Culhane-Pera KA, Moua M, DeFor T et al. (2009) Cardiovascular disease risks in Hmong refugees from Wat Tham Krabok, Thailand. J Immigr Minor Health 11, 372–379.
13.Goody CM & Drago L (2010) Cultural Food Practices. Chicago, IL: American Dietetic Association.
14.Stang J, Kong A, Story M et al. (2007) Food and weight-related patterns and behaviors of Hmong adolescents. J Am Diet Assoc 107, 936–941.
15.McCarty DJ (2005) Glucose intolerance in Wisconsin's Hmong population. Wis Med J 104, 13–14.
16.Yang A, Xiong D, Vang E et al. (2009) Hmong American women living with diabetes. J Nurs Scholarsh 41, 139–148.
17.Her C & Mundt M (2005) Risk prevalence for type 2 diabetes mellitus in adult Hmong in Wisconsin: a pilot study. Wis Med J 104, 70–77.
19.Vue H & Reicks M (2007) Individual and environmental influences on intake of calcium-rich food and beverages by young Hmong adolescent girls. J Nutr Educ Behav 39, 264–272.
20.Gibson RS (2005) Principles of Nutritional Assessment, 2nd ed. New York: Oxford University Press.
21.Committee on Food Consumption Patterns, Food and Nutrition Board, National Research Council (1981) Assessing Changing Food Consumption Patterns. Washington, DC: National Academy Press.
22.McPherson RS, Hoelscher DM, Alexander M et al. (2000) Dietary assessment methods among school-aged children: validity and reliability. Prev Med 31, issue 2, S11–S33.
23.Frank GC (1991) Taking a bite out of eating behavior: food records and food recalls of children. J Sch Health 61, 198–200.
24.Marin G, Sabogal F, Marin BV et al. (1987) Development of a short acculturation scale for Hispanics. Hispanic J Behav Sci 9, 183–205.
25.Frisancho AR (2008) Anthropometric Standards: An Interactive Nutritional Reference of Body Size and Body Composition for Children and Adults. Ann Arbor, MI: University of Michigan Press.
27.Dietary Reference Intakes (DRIs): Recommended Dietary Allowances and Adequate Intakes (2010) Food and Nutrition Board, Institute of Medicine, National Academies. http://www.iom.edu (accessed January 2011).
28.US Department of Agriculture (1992) The Food Guide Pyramid. Home and Garden Bulletin no. 252. Hyattsville, MD: USDA.
31.Bibbins-Domingo K, Coxson P, Pletcher MJ et al. (2007) Adolescent overweight and future adult coronary heart disease. N Engl J Med 357, 2371–2379.
32.Engeland A, Bjorge T, Tverdal A et al. (2004) Obesity in adolescence and adulthood and the risk of adult mortality. Epidemiology 15, 79–85.
34.Heaney RP, Abrams S, Dawson-Hughes B et al. (2000) Peak bone mass. Osteoporos Int 11, 985–1009.
36.Whitney E & Rolfes SR (2008) Understanding Nutrition with Environmental Science. Belmont, CA: Thomson Wadsworth.
37.Kirby M & Danner E (2009) Nutritional deficiencies in children on restricted diets. Pediatr Clin N Am 56, 1085–1103.
38.Tan S, Ji L, Tsai J et al. (2009) Greater osteoporosis educational outreach is desirable among Chinese immigrants in Chinatown, Chicago. Osteoporos Int 20, 1517–1522.
39.Wright JD, Wang CY, Kennedy-Stephenson J et al. (2003) Dietary Intake of Ten Key Nutrients for Public Health, United States: 1999–2000. Advance Data from Vital and Health Statistics no. 334. Hyattsville, MD: National Center for Health Statistics.
40.Brotanek JM, Gosz J, Weitzman M et al. (2007) Iron deficiency in early childhood in the United States: risk factors and racial/ethnic disparities. Pediatrics 120, 568–575.
41.Kirchengast S & Hartmann B (1998) Maternal prepregnancy weight status and pregnancy weight gain as major determinants for newborn weight and size. Ann Hum Biol 25, 17–28.
42.Grondin MA, Ruivard M, Perreve A et al. (2008) Prevalence of iron deficiency and health-related quality of life among female students. J Am Coll Nutr 27, 337–341.
43.Haas JD & Brownlie T (2001) Iron deficiency and reduced work capacity: a critical review of the research to determine a causal relationship. J Nutr 131, 2 Suppl. 2, 691S–696S.
44.Falkingham M, Abdelhamid A, Curtis P et al. (2010) The effects of oral iron supplementation on cognition in older children and adults: a systematic review and meta-analysis. Nutr J 9, 4.
46.Yang RC & Mills PK (2008) Dietary and lifestyle practices of Hmong in California. J Health Care Poor Underserved 19, 1258–1269.
47.Marlett JA & Slavin JL (1997) Position of the American Dietetic Association: health implications of dietary fiber. J Am Diet Assoc 97, 1157–1159.
48.Mulasi-Pokhriyal U & Smith C (2010) Assessing body image issues and body satisfaction/dissatisfaction among Hmong American children 9–18 years of age using mixed methodology. Body Image 7, 341–348.
49.Himmelgreen DA, Perez-Escamilla R, Martinez D et al. (2004) The longer you stay, the bigger you get: length of time and language use in the US are associated with obesity in Puerto Rican women. Am J Phys Anthropol 125, 90–96.
50.Kim LP, Harrison GG & Kagawa-Singer M (2007) Perceptions of diet and physical activity among California Hmong adults and youth. Prev Chronic Dis 4, A93.
51.Chan JCN, Malik V, Jia W et al. (2009) Diabetes in Asia: epidemiology, risk factors, and pathophysiology. J Am Diet Assoc 301, 2129–2140.
52.Moran A, Roux AVD, Jackson SA et al. (2007) Acculturation is associated with hypertension in a multiethnic sample. Am J Hypertens 20, 354–363.
53.Harnack LJ, Jeffery RW & Boutelle KN (2000) Temporal trends in energy intake in the United States: an ecologic perspective. Am J Clin Nutr 71, 1478–1484.
54.Briefel RR, Sempos CT, McDowell MA et al. (1997) Dietary methods research in the third National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey: underreporting of energy intake. Am J Clin Nutr 65, 4 Suppl., 1203S–1209S.