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    Chowdhury, Rajiv Steur, Marinka Patel, Pinal S. and Franco, Oscar H. 2016. Handbook of Lipids in Human Function.


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Macronutrient intake and type 2 diabetes risk in middle-aged Australian women. Results from the Australian Longitudinal Study on Women's Health

  • Amani Alhazmi (a1) (a2), Elizabeth Stojanovski (a3), Mark McEvoy (a4) and Manohar L Garg (a5)
  • DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1017/S1368980013001870
  • Published online: 18 July 2013
Abstract
AbstractObjective

To investigate the association between macronutrient intake and type 2 diabetes risk in middle-aged Australian women.

Design

A prospective cohort study, with 6 years (2002–2007) of follow up. Dietary intake was assessed with a validated FFQ. Relative risks with 95 % confidence intervals were used to examine risk associations.

Setting

Australian Longitudinal Study on Women's Health, Australia.

Subjects

Australian women (n 8370) from the Australian Longitudinal Study on Women's Health aged 45–50 years and free of type 2 diabetes at baseline.

Results

After 6 years of follow-up, 311 women developed type 2 diabetes. After adjusting for sociodemographic, lifestyle and other dietary risk factors, MUFA, total n-3 PUFA, α-linolenic acid and total n-6 PUFA intakes were positively associated with the incidence of type 2 diabetes. The relative risks for type 2 diabetes for the highest compared with the lowest quintiles were 1·64 (95 % CI 1·06, 2·54), P = 0·04 for MUFA; 1·55 (95 % CI 1·03, 2·32), P = 0·01 for n-3 PUFA; 1·84 (95 % CI 1·25, 2·71), P < 0·01 for α-linolenic acid; and 1·60 (95 % CI 1·03, 2·48), P = 0·04 for n-6 PUFA. Other dietary macronutrients were not significantly associated with diabetes risk.

Conclusions

The data indicate that consumption of MUFA, n-3 PUFA and n-6 PUFA may influence the risk of developing type 2 diabetes in women.

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*Corresponding author: Email Manohar.garg@newcastle.edu.au
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