1US Department of Agriculture, Human Nutrition Information Service. USDA's food guide pyramid. Home and Garden Bulletin 1992; 252.
2US Department of Agriculture (USDA). What we eat in America 1994–96, Continuing Survey of Food Intakes by Individuals (CSFII) 1994–1996 [public use CD-ROM]. Washington, DC: USDA, 1998.
3Subar AF, Thompson FE, Smith AF, Jobe JB, Ziegler RG, Potischman N, et al. Improving food frequency questionnaires: a qualitative approach using cognitive interviewing. Journal of the American Dietetic Association 1995; 95: 781–8.
4Thompson FE, Subar AF, Smith AF, Midthune D, Radimer KL, Kahle LL, et al. Fruit and vegetable assessment: performance of two new short instruments and a food frequency questionnaire. Journal of the American Dietetic Association 2002; 102: 1764–72.
5Krebs-Smith SM, Guenther PM, Cook A, Thompson FE, Cucinelli J, Udler J. Foods Commonly Eaten in the United States: Quantities Consumed per Eating Occasion and in a Day, 1989–91. NFS Report No.91–3. Washington, DC: US Department of Agriculture, 1997.
7Subar AF, Kipnis V, Troiano R, Midthune D, Schoeller DA, Bingham S, et al. Using intake biomarkers to evaluate the extent of dietary misreporting in a large sample of adults: the Observing Protein and Energy Nutrition (OPEN) Study. American Journal of Epidemiology 2003; 158: 1–13.
8Subar AF, Thompson FE, Kipnis V, Hurwitz P, McNutt S, McIntosh A, et al. Comparative validation of the Block, Willett, and National Cancer Institute food frequency questionnaires: The Eating at America's Table Study (EATS). American Journal of Epidemiology 2001; 154: 1089–99.
9Schatzkin A, Subar AF, Thompson FE, Harlan LC, Tangrea J, Hollenbeck AR, et al. Design and serendipity in establishing a large cohort with wide dietary intake distributions: The National Institutes of Health–American Association of Retired Persons Diet and Health Study. American Journal of Epidemiology 2001; 154: 1119–25.
10Thompson FE, Kipnis V, Subar AF, Schatzkin A, Potischman N, Kahle L, et al. Performance of a short instrument to estimate usual dietary intake of percent calories from fat. European Journal of Clinical Nutrition 1998; 52(Suppl. 2): S63.
11Moshfegh AJ, Raper N, Ingwersen L, Cleveland L, Anand J, Goldman J, et al. An improved approach to 24-hour dietary recall methodology. Annals of Nutrition & Metabolism 2001; 45(Suppl. 1): 156.
12Subar AF, Midthune D, Kulldorff M, Brown CC, Thompson FE, Kipnis V, et al. Evaluation of alternative approaches to assign nutrient values to food groups in food frequency questionnaires. American Journal of Epidemiology 2000; 152: 279–86.
13Freedman LS, Carroll RJ, Wax Y. Estimating the relation between dietary intake obtained from a food frequency questionnaire and true average intake. American Journal of Epidemiology 1991; 134: 310–20.
14Block G, Clifford C, Naughton MD, Henderson M, McAdams M. A brief dietary screen for high fat intake. Journal of Nutrition Education 1989; 21: 199–207.
15Kristal AR, Shattuck AL, Henry HG. Patterns of dietary behavior associated with selecting diets low in fat: reliability and validity of a behavioral approach to dietary assessment. Journal of the American Dietetic Association 1990; 90: 214–20.
16Smith-Warner SA, Elmer PJ, Tharp TM, Fosdick L, Randall B, Gross M, et al. Increasing vegetable and fruit intake: randomized intervention and monitoring in an at-risk population. Cancer Epidemiology, Biomarkers & Prevention 2000; 9: 307–17.
17Serdula M, Coates R, Byers T, Mokdad A, Jewell S, Chavez N, et al. Evaluation of a brief telephone questionnaire to estimate fruit and vegetable consumption in diverse study populations. Epidemiology 1993; 4: 455–63.
18Field AE, Colditz GA, Fox MK, Byers T, Serdula M, Bosch RJ, et al. Comparison of 4 questionnaires for assessment of fruit and vegetable intake. American Journal of Public Health 1998; 88: 1216–8.
19Campbell MK, Demark-Wahnefried W, Symons M, Kalsbeek WD, Dodds J, Cowan A, et al. Fruit and vegetable consumption and prevention of cancer: The Black Churches United for Better Health Project. American Journal of Public Health 1999; 89: 1390–6.
20Smith-Warner SA, Elmer PJ, Fosdick L, Tharp TM, Randall B. Reliability and comparability of three dietary assessment methods for estimating fruit and vegetable intakes. Epidemiology 1997; 8: 196–201.
21Thompson FE, Kipnis V, Subar AF, Krebs-Smith SM, Kahle LL, Midthune D, et al. Evaluation of 2 brief instruments and a food-frequency questionnaire to estimate daily number of servings of fruit and vegetables. American Journal of Clinical Nutrition 2000; 71: 1503–10.
22Plesko M, Cotugna N, Aljadir L. Usefulness of a brief fruit and vegetable FFQ in a college population. American Journal of Health Behavior 2000; 24: 201–8.
23Block G, Gillespie C, Rosenbaum EH, Jenson C. A rapid food screener to assess fat and fruit and vegetable intake. American Journal of Preventive Medicine 2000; 18: 284–8.
24Yaroch AL, Resnicow K, Khan LK. Validity and reliability of qualitative dietary fat index questionnaires: a review. Journal of the American Dietetic Association 2000; 100: 240–4.
25Shannon J, Kristal AR, Curry SJ, Beresford SA. Application of a behavioral approach to measuring dietary change: the fat- and fiber-related diet behavior questionnaire. Cancer Epidemiology, Biomarkers & Prevention 1997; 6: 355–61.
26Johnson RK, Soultanakis RP, Matthews DE. Literacy and body fatness are associated with underreporting of energy intake in US low-income women using the multiple-pass 24-h recall: a doubly labeled water study. Journal of the American Dietetic Association 1998; 98: 1136–40.
27Kroke A, Klipstein-Grobusch K, Voss S, Mosender J, Thielecke F, Noack R, et al. Validation of a self-administered food-frequency questionnaire administered in the European Prospective Investigation into Cancer and Nutrition (EPIC) Study: comparison of energy, protein, and macronutrient intakes estimated with the doubly labeled water, urinary nitrogen, and repeated 24-h dietary recall methods. American Journal of Clinical Nutrition 1999; 70: 439–47.
28Bathalon GP, Tucker KL, Hays NP, Vinken AG, Greenberg AS, McCrory MA, et al. Psychological measures of eating behavior and the accuracy of 3 common dietary assessment methods in healthy postmenopausal women. American Journal of Clinical Nutrition 2000; 71: 739–45.
29Tran KM, Johnson RK, Soultanakis RP, Matthews DE. In-person vs telephone-administered multiple-pass 24-hour recalls in women: validation with doubly labeled water. Journal of the American Dietetic Association 2000; 100: 777–80, 783.
30Krebs-Smith SM, Graubard BI, Kahle LL, Subar AF, Cleveland LE, Ballard-Barbash R. Low energy reporters vs others: a comparison of reported food intakes. European Journal of Clinical Nutrition 2000; 54: 281–7.
31Freedman LS, Midthune D, Carroll RJ, Krebs-Smith S, Subar AF, Troiano RP, et al. Adjustments to improve the estimation of usual dietary intake distributions in the population. Journal of Nutrition 2004; 134: 1836–43.