This list contains references from the content that can be linked to their source. For a full set of references and notes please see the PDF or HTML where available.
4 SJ Olshansky , DJ Passaro , RC Hershow , J Layden , BA Carnes , J Brody , . A potential decline in life expectancy in the United States in the 21st century. New England Journal of Medicine 2005; 352 (11): 1138–1145.
5 JK Binkley , J Eales , M Jekanowski . The relation between dietary change and rising US obesity. International Journal of Obesity and Related Metabolic Disorders 2000; 24 (8): 1032–1039.
6 SA Bowman , BT Vinyard . Fast food consumption of US adults: impact on energy and nutrient intakes and overweight status. Journal of the American College of Nutrition 2004; 23 (2): 163–168.
7 LJ Gillis , O Bar-Or . Food away from home, sugar-sweetened drink consumption and juvenile obesity. Journal of the American College of Nutrition 2003; 22 (6): 539–545.
8 VR Henderson , B Kelly . Food advertising in the age of obesity: content analysis of food advertising on general market and African American television. Journal of Nutrition Education and Behavior 2005; 37 (4): 191–196.
9 SJ Nielsen , AM Siega-Riz , BM Popkin . Trends in energy intake in US between 1977 and 1996: similar shifts seen across age groups. Obesity Research 2002; 10 (5): 370–378.
10 SC Woods . Signals that influence food intake and body weight. Physiology & Behavior 2005; 86 (5): 709–716.
11 SA Bowman , SL Gortmaker , CB Ebbeling , MA Pereira , DS Ludwig . Effects of fast-food consumption on energy intake and diet quality among children in a national household survey. Pediatrics 2004; 113 (1): 112–118.
12 M Schmidt , SG Affenito , R Striegel-Moore , PR Khoury , B Barton , P Crawford , . Fast-food intake and diet quality in black and white girls: the National Heart, Lung, and Blood Institute Growth and Health Study. Archives of Pediatrics & Adolescent Medicine 2005; 159 (7): 626–631.
14 K Harrison , AL Marske . Nutritional content of foods advertised during the television programs children watch most. American Journal of Public Health 2005; 95 (9): 1568–1574.
15 MA Pereira , AI Kartashov , CB Ebbeling , L Van Horn , ML Slattery , DR Jacobs Jr, . Fast-food habits, weight gain, and insulin resistance (the CARDIA study): 15-year prospective analysis. Lancet 2005; 365 (9453): 36–42.
16 D Galuska , M Serdula , E Pamuk , PZ Siegel , T Byers . Trends in overweight among US adults from 1987 to 1993: a multistate telephone survey. American Journal of Public Health 1996; 86 (12): 1729–1735.
17 AK Kant , BI Graubard . Eating out in America, 1987–2000: trends and nutritional correlates. Preventive Medicine 2004; 38 (2): 243–249.
18 JF Guthrie , BH Lin , E Frazao . Role of food prepared away from home in the American diet, 1977–78 versus 1994–96: changes and consequences. Journal of Nutrition Education and Behavior 2002; 34 (3): 140–150.
20 SA French , L Harnack , RW Jeffery . Fast food restaurant use among women in the Pound of Prevention study: dietary, behavioral and demographic correlates. International Journal of Obesity and Related Metabolic Disorders 2000; 24 (10): 1353–1359.
21 S Paeratakul , DP Ferdinand , CM Champagne , DH Ryan , GA Bray . Fast-food consumption among US adults and children: dietary and nutrient intake profile. Journal of the American Dietetic Association 2003; 103 (10): 1332–1338.
22 AM Prentice , SA Jebb . Fast foods, energy density and obesity: a possible mechanistic link. Obesity Reviews 2003; 4 (4): 187–194.
23 SA French , M Story , D Neumark-Sztainer , JA Fulkerson , P Hannan . Fast food restaurant use among adolescents: associations with nutrient intake, food choices and behavioral and psychosocial variables. International Journal of Obesity and Related Metabolic Disorders 2001; 25 (12): 1823–1833.
24 J Utter , D Neumark-Sztainer , R Jeffery , M Story . Couch potatoes or French fries: are sedentary behaviors associated with body mass index, physical activity, and dietary behaviors among adolescents? Journal of the American Dietetic Association 2003; 103 (10): 1298–1305.
25 T King , AM Kavanagh , D Jolley , G Turrell , D Crawford . Weight and place: a multilevel cross-sectional survey of area-level social disadvantage and overweight/obesity in Australia. International Journal of Obesity 2006; 30 (2): 281–287.
26 SE Linn . Food marketing to children in the context of a marketing maelstrom. Journal of Public Health Policy 2004; 25 (3–4): 367–378.
27 BA Swinburn , G Egger . The runaway weight gain train: too many accelerators, not enough brakes. British Medical Journal 2004; 329 (7648): 736–739.
28 BA Swinburn , G Egger , F Raza . Dissecting obesogenic environments: the development and application of a framework for identifying and prioritizing environmental interventions for obesity. Preventive Medicine 1999; 29 (6): 563–570.