1.Waterlow, JC (1994) Introduction. Causes and mechanisms of linear growth retardation (stunting). Eur J Clin Nutr 48, Suppl. 1, S1–S4.
2.Victora, CG, Adair, L, Fall, C et al. , for the Maternal and Child Undernutrition Study Group (2008) Maternal and child undernutrition: consequences for adult health and human capital. Lancet 371, 340–357.
3.Kwawukume, EY, Ghosh, TS & Wilson, JB (1993) Maternal height as a predictor of vaginal delivery. Int J Gynaecol Obstet 41, 4.
4.Merchant, KM, Villar, J & Kestler, E (2001) Maternal height and newborn size relative to risk of intrapartum caesarean delivery and perinatal distress. BJOG 108, 689–696.
5.de Onis, M, Frongillo, EA & Blössner, M (2000) Is malnutrition declining? An analysis of changes in levels of child malnutrition since 1980. Bull World Health Organ 78, 1222–1233.
6.National Center for Health Statistics (1977) NCHS Growth Curves for Children, Birth–18 Years. Publication no. (PHS) 78–1650. Washington, DC: National Center for Health Statistics, Department of Health, Education and Welfare.
7.WHO Multicentre Growth Reference Study Group (2006) WHO Child Growth Standards based on length/height, weight and age. Acta Paediatr Suppl 450, 76–85.
8.de Onis, M, Onyango, AW, Borghi, E et al. , for the WHO Multicentre Growth Reference Study Group (2006) Comparison of the World Health Organization (WHO) Child Growth Standards and the National Center for Health Statistics (NCHS)/WHO international growth reference: implications for child health programmes. Public Health Nutr 9, 942–947.
9.World Health Organization, Department of Nutrition for Health and Development (2010) WHO Global Database on Child Growth and Malnutrition. http://www.who.int/nutgrowthdb/en/
11.Yang, H & de Onis, M (2008) Algorithms for converting estimates of child malnutrition based on the NCHS reference into estimates based on the WHO Child Growth Standards. BMC Pediatr 8, 19.
12.de Onis, M & Blössner, M (2003) The World Health Organization Global Database on Child Growth and Malnutrition: methodology and applications. Int J Epidemiol 32, 518–526.
13.de Onis, M, Blöessner, M, Borghi, E et al. (2004) Estimates of global prevalence of childhood underweight in 1990 and 2015. JAMA 291, 2600–2606.
14.Black, RE, Allen, LH, Bhutta, ZA et al. , for the Maternal and Child Undernutrition Study Group (2008) Maternal and child undernutrition: global and regional exposures and health consequences. Lancet 371, 243–260.
15.de Onis, M, Blössner, M & Borghi, E (2010) Global prevalence and trends of overweight and obesity among preschool children. Am J Clin Nutr 92, 1257–1264.
16.de Onis, M, Blössner, M & Borghi, E (2004) Methodology for estimating regional and global trends of child malnutrition. Int J Epidemiol 33, 1260–1270.
17.Department of Economic and Social Affairs, United Nations Population Division (2009) World Population Prospects, The 2008 Revision. New York: UN.
18.World Health Organization (1995) Physical Status: The Use and Interpretation of Anthropometry. Report of a WHO Expert Committee. WHO Technical Report Series no. 854. Geneva: WHO.
19.Lima, AL, Silva, AC, Konno, SC et al. (2010) Causes of the accelerated decline in child undernutrition in Northeastern Brazil (1986–1996–2006). Rev Saude Publica 44, 17–27.
20.Monteiro, CA, Benicio, MH, Konno, SC et al. (2009) Causes for the decline in child under-nutrition in Brazil, 1996–2007. Rev Saude Publica 43, 35–43.
21.Rivera, JA, Irizarry, LM & González-de Cossío, T (2009) Overview of the nutritional status of the Mexican population in the last two decades. Salud Publica Mex 51, Suppl. 4, S645–S656.
22.Rivera, JA (2009) Improving nutrition in Mexico: the use of research for decision making. Nutr Rev 67, Suppl. 1, S62–S65.
23.WHO Multicentre Growth Reference Study Group (2006) Assessment of differences in linear growth among populations in the WHO Multicentre Growth Reference Study. Acta Paediatr Suppl 450, 56–65.
24.Victora, CG, de Onis, M & Hallal, PC (2010) Worldwide timing of growth faltering: revisiting implications for interventions using the World Health Organization growth standards. Pediatrics 125, e473–e480.