2.Pi-Sunyer, FX (2002) The obesity epidemic: pathophysiology and consequences of obesity. Obesity (Silver Spring) 10, Suppl. 2, 97S–104S.
3.World Health Organization (2000) Obesity: Preventing and Managing the Global Epidemic. WHO Technical Report Series no. 894. Geneva: WHO.
4.Pi-Sunyer, FX (1993) Short-term medical benefits and adverse effects of weight loss. Ann Intern Med 119, 722–726.
5.Britt, H, Miller, GC, Charles, Jet al. (2010) General Practice Activity in Australia 2009–10. General Practice Series no. 27, Catalogueno. GEP27. Canberra: AIHW.
7.Tan, D, Zwar, NA, Dennis, SMet al. (2006) Weight management in general practice: what do patients want? Med J Aust 185, 73–75.
8.Thuan, JF & Avignon, A (2005) Obesity management: attitudes and practices of French general practitioners in a region of France. Int J Obes (Lond) 29, 1100–1106.
9.Ruelaz, AR, Diefenbach, P, Simon, Bet al. (2007) Perceived barriers to weight management in primary care – perspectives of patients and providers. J Gen Intern Med 22, 518–522.
10.Sciamanna, CN, Tate, DF, Lang, Wet al. (2000) Who reports receiving advice to lose weight? Results from a multistate survey. Arch Intern Med 160, 2334–2339.
11.Colquitt, JL, Picot, J, Loveman, Eet al. (2009) Surgery for obesity. Cochrane Database Syst Rev issue 2, CD003641.
12.Norris, SL, Zhang, X, Avenell, Aet al. (2004) Efficacy of pharmacotherapy for weight loss in adults with type 2 diabetes mellitus: a meta-analysis. Arch Intern Med 164, 1395–1404.
13.Norris, SL, Zhang, X, Avenell, Aet al. (2005) Long-term non-pharmacological weight loss interventions for adults with prediabetes. Cochrane Database Syst Rev issue 2, CD005270.
14.National Institute for Health and Clinical Excellence (2006) Obesity: guidance on the prevention, identification, assessment and management of overweight and obesity in adults and childen. NICE clinical guideline no. 43. http://www.nice.org.uk/CG43 (accessed September 2012).
16.McTigue, KM, Harris, R, Hemphill, Bet al. (2003) Screening and interventions for obesity in adults: summary of the evidence for the US Preventive Services Task Force. Ann Intern Med 139, 933–949.
17.Tsai, AG & Wadden, TA (2009) Treatment of obesity in primary care practice in the United States: a systematic review. J Gen Intern Med 24, 1073–1079.
20.Wing, RR, Lang, W, Wadden, TAet al. (2011) Benefits of modest weight loss in improving cardiovascular risk factors in overweight and obese individuals with type 2 diabetes. Diabetes Care 34, 1481–1486.
21.National Health and Medical Research Council (2003) Clinical Practice Guidelines for the Management of Overweight and Obesity in Adults. Canberra: Australian Government, Department of Health and Ageing.
22.Martin, PD, Rhode, PC, Dutton, GRet al. (2006) A primary care weight management intervention for low-income African-American women. Obesity (Silver Spring) 14, 1412–1420.
23.Martin, PD, Dutton, GR, Rhode, PCet al. (2008) Weight loss maintenance following a primary care intervention for low-income minority women. Obesity (Silver Spring) 16, 2462–2467.
24.Schuster, RJ, Tasosa, J & Terwoord, NA (2008) Translational research – implementation of NHLBI obesity guidelines in a primary care community setting: the Physician Obesity Awareness Project. J Nutr Health Aging 12, issue 10, 764S–769S.
25.Munsch, S, Biedert, E & Keller, U (2003) Evaluation of a lifestyle change programme for the treatment of obesity in general practice. Swiss Med Wkly 133, 148–154.
26.Ashley, JM, St Jeor, ST, Schrage, JPet al. (2001) Meal replacements in weight intervention. Arch Intern Med 161, 1599–1604.
27.Willaing, I, Ladelund, S, Jorgensen, Tet al. (2004) Nutritional counselling in primary health care: a randomized comparison of an intervention by general practitioner or dietician. Eur J Cardiovasc Prev Rehabil 11, 513–520.
28.Wadden, TA, Volger, S, Sarwer, DBet al. (2011) A two-year randomized trial of obesity treatment in primary care practice. N Engl J Med 365, 1969–1979.
29.Moore, H, Summerbell, CD, Greenwood, DCet al. (2003) Improving management of obesity in primary care: cluster randomised trial. BMJ 327, 1085.
30.Appel, LJ, Clark, JM, Yeh, H-Cet al. (2011) Comparative effectiveness of weight-loss interventions in clinical practice. N Engl J Med 365, 1959–1968.
31.Christian, JG, Bessesen, DH, Byers, TEet al. (2008) Clinic-based support to help overweight patients with type 2 diabetes increase physical activity and lose weight. Arch Intern Med 168, 141–146.
32.Jebb, SA, Ahern, AL, Olson, ADet al. (2011) Primary care referral to a commercial provider for weight loss treatment versus standard care: a randomised controlled trial. Lancet 378, 1485–1492.
33.Logue, E, Sutton, K, Jarjoura, Det al. (2005) Transtheoretical model – chronic disease care for obesity in primary care: a randomized trial. Obes Res 13, 917–927.
34.Bolognesi, M, Nigg, CR, Massarini, Met al. (2006) Reducing obesity indicators through brief physical activity counseling (PACE) in Italian primary care settings. Ann Behav Med 31, 179–185.
35.Ely, AC, Banitt, A, Befort, Cet al. (2008) Kansas primary care weighs in: a pilot randomized trial of a chronic care model program for obesity in 3 rural Kansas primary care practices. J Rural Health 24, 125–132.
36.ter Bogt, NC, Bemelmans, WJ, Beltman, FWet al. (2009) Preventing weight gain: one-year results of a randomized lifestyle intervention. Am J Prev Med 37, 270–277.
37.Pritchard, DA, Hyndman, J & Taba, F (1999) Nutritional counselling in general practice: a cost effective analysis. J Epidemiol Community Health 53, 311–316.
38.Tsai, AG, Wadden, TA, Rogers, MAet al. (2010) A primary care intervention for weight loss: results of a randomized controlled pilot study. Obesity (Silver Spring) 18, 1614–1618.
39.Sayburn, A (2010) Withdrawal of sibutramine leaves European doctors with just one obesity drug. BMJ 340, c477.
40.Moore, BJ (2003) Supersized America: help your patients regain control of their weight. Cleve Clin J Med 70, 237–240.
41.Dwan, K, Altman, DG, Cresswell, Let al. (2011) Comparison of protocols and registry entries to published reports for randomised controlled trials. Cochrane Database Syst Rev issue 1, MR000031.
42.The Cochrane Collaboration (2011) Cochrane Handbook for Systematic Reviews of Interventions Version 5·1·0. http://www.cochrane-handbook.org/ (accessed September 2011).
43.Harvey, EL, Glenny, AM, Kirk, SFLet al. (2002) An updated systematic review of interventions to improve health professionals’ management of obesity. Obes Rev 3, 45–55.
44.Harvey, EL, Glenny, AM, Kirk, SFet al. (1999) A systematic review of interventions to improve health professionals’ management of obesity. Int J Obes Relat Metab Disord 23, 1213–1222.
45.Flodgren, G, Deane, K, Dickinson, HOet al. (2010) Interventions to change the behaviour of health professionals and the organisation of care to promote weight reduction in overweight and obese people. Cochrane Database Syst Rev issue 3, CD000984.