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The Brazilian school feeding programme: an example of an integrated programme in support of food and nutrition security

  • Emilie Sidaner (a1), Daniel Balaban (a2) and Luciene Burlandy (a3)
  • DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1017/S1368980012005101
  • Published online: 06 December 2012
Abstract
AbstractObjective

The present paper analyses the advances and challenges of the school feeding programme in Brazil (PNAE), as part of the Brazilian experience building up an integrated food and nutrition security national system. It explores the role of policy and regulatory frameworks in constructing quality service delivery and intersectoral integration.

Design

Review of PNAE and federal government technical documents and studies, legislation, minutes of meetings and official documents of the National Council of Food and Nutrition Security from 2003 to 2011.

Setting

Food insecurity has decreased significantly in Brazil in the last decade, indicating that appropriate choices were made in terms of public policies and institutional arrangements, which other countries can learn from.

Subjects

Brazil food and nutrition security system; school feeding; school food.

Results

Brazil's integrated food and nutrition security policy approach promoted intersectorality in the food system, articulating actions to guarantee access to healthy food and to strengthen family farming. The quality of school meals has progressively improved; in particular, the availability of fruits and vegetables increased. However, national standards regarding menu composition have not yet been met. Regulations were an important factor, along with the policy approach linking food production, nutrition, health and education. Challenges are related to conflict of interests and to farmers’ insufficient capacity to meet supply requirements and comply with technical procedures.

Conclusions

Local food production, school meals and nutrition education can be linked through integrated programmes and policies, improving access to healthier foods. Government leadership, strong legislation, civil society participation and intersectoral decision making are determinant.

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Copyright
Corresponding author
*Corresponding author: Email emilie.sidaner@wfp.org; emiliesidaner@yahoo.fr
Linked references
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This list contains references from the content that can be linked to their source. For a full set of references and notes please see the PDF or HTML where available.

4.R Levy-Costa (2005) Disponibilidade domiciliar de alimentos no Brazil: distribuição e evolução (1974–2003). Rev Saude Publica 39, 530540.

9.RB Levy , IRR Castro , LO Cardoso et al. (2010) Food consumption and eating behavior among Brazilian adolescents: National Adolescent School-based Health Survey (PeNSE), 2009. Cienc Saude Colet 15, Suppl. 2, 30853097.

10.DC Malta , LMV Sardinha , I Mendes et al. (2010) Prevalence of risk health behavior among adolescents: results from the 2009 National Adolescent School-based Health Survey (PeNSE). Cienc Saude Colet 15, Suppl. 2, 30093019.

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Public Health Nutrition
  • ISSN: 1368-9800
  • EISSN: 1475-2727
  • URL: /core/journals/public-health-nutrition
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