Skip to main content
    • Aa
    • Aa
  • Access
  • Cited by 20
  • Cited by
    This article has been cited by the following publications. This list is generated based on data provided by CrossRef.

    Jensen, N.S.O. Camargo, T.F.B. and Bergamaschi, D.P. 2016. Comparison of methods to measure body fat in 7-to-10-year-old children: a systematic review. Public Health, Vol. 133, p. 3.

    Maulida, Rizka Nanishi, Keiko Green, Joseph Shibanuma, Akira and Jimba, Masamine 2016. Food-choice motives of adolescents in Jakarta, Indonesia: the roles of gender and family income. Public Health Nutrition, p. 1.

    Simmonds, M. Llewellyn, A. Owen, C. G. and Woolacott, N. 2016. Predicting adult obesity from childhood obesity: a systematic review and meta-analysis. Obesity Reviews, Vol. 17, Issue. 2, p. 95.

    Brown, R. E. and Kuk, J. L. 2015. Consequences of obesity and weight loss: a devil's advocate position. Obesity Reviews, Vol. 16, Issue. 1, p. 77.

    Liang, Yajun Hou, Dongqing Zhao, Xiaoyuan Wang, Liang Hu, Yuehua Liu, Junting Cheng, Hong Yang, Ping Shan, Xinying Yan, Yinkun Cruickshank, J. Kennedy and Mi, Jie 2015. Childhood obesity affects adult metabolic syndrome and diabetes. Endocrine, Vol. 50, Issue. 1, p. 87.

    Mintem, Gicele Gigante, Denise and Horta, Bernardo 2015. Change in body weight and body image in young adults: a longitudinal study. BMC Public Health, Vol. 15, Issue. 1, p. 222.

    Perry, Catherine P. Keane, Eimear Layte, Richard Fitzgerald, Anthony P. Perry, Ivan J. and Harrington, Janas M. 2015. The use of a dietary quality score as a predictor of childhood overweight and obesity. BMC Public Health, Vol. 15, Issue. 1,

    Simmonds, Mark Burch, Jane Llewellyn, Alexis Griffiths, Claire Yang, Huiqin Owen, Christopher Duffy, Steven and Woolacott, Nerys 2015. The use of measures of obesity in childhood for predicting obesity and the development of obesity-related diseases in adulthood: a systematic review and meta-analysis. Health Technology Assessment, Vol. 19, Issue. 43, p. 1.

    Tran, Bach Ohinmaa, Arto Kuhle, Stefan Johnson, Jeffrey and Veugelers, Paul 2015. The Childhood Obesity Epidemic.

    Chan, Ruth Chan, Dicken Lau, Winny Lo, Dominic Li, Liz and Woo, Jean 2014. A Cross-sectional Study to Examine the Association Between Dietary Patterns and Risk of Overweight and Obesity in Hong Kong Chinese Adolescents Aged 10–12 Years. Journal of the American College of Nutrition, Vol. 33, Issue. 6, p. 450.

    Davidson, Arthur J. McCormick, Emily V. Dickinson, L. Miriam Haemer, Matthew A. Knierim, Shanna D. and Hambidge, Simon J. 2014. Population-Level Obesity Surveillance: Monitoring Childhood Body Mass Index z-Score in a Safety-Net System. Academic Pediatrics, Vol. 14, Issue. 6, p. 632.

    Duncan, Michael Clarke, Neil Birch, Samantha Tallis, Jason Hankey, Joanne Bryant, Elizabeth and Eyre, Emma 2014. The Effect of Green Exercise on Blood Pressure, Heart Rate and Mood State in Primary School Children. International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health, Vol. 11, Issue. 4, p. 3678.

    Kelishadi, Roya and Poursafa, Parinaz 2014. A Review on the Genetic, Environmental, and Lifestyle Aspects of the Early-Life Origins of Cardiovascular Disease. Current Problems in Pediatric and Adolescent Health Care, Vol. 44, Issue. 3, p. 54.

    Kori, Hiroka Sei, Masako Nakahori, Yutaka and Imoto, Issei 2013. Impact of annual body mass index gain on obesity development in Japanese 6-year-old non-obese children. Pediatrics International, Vol. 55, Issue. 6, p. 761.

    Toselli, Stefania Brasili, Patricia and Di Michele, Rocco 2013. Tracking of weight status and body fatness in Italian children. Eating and Weight Disorders - Studies on Anorexia, Bulimia and Obesity, Vol. 18, Issue. 4, p. 383.

    De Keyzer, Willem Van Caneghem, Sven Heath, Anne-Louise M Vanaelst, Barbara Verschraegen, Mia De Henauw, Stefaan and Huybrechts, Inge 2012. Nutritional quality and acceptability of a weekly vegetarian lunch in primary-school canteens in Ghent, Belgium: ‘Thursday Veggie Day’. Public Health Nutrition, Vol. 15, Issue. 12, p. 2326.

    Fåhraeus, Christina Wendt, Lill-Kari Nilsson, Mats Isaksson, Helen Alm, Anita and Andersson-Gäre, Boel 2012. Overweight and obesity in twenty-year-old Swedes in relation to birthweight and weight development during childhood. Acta Paediatrica, Vol. 101, Issue. 6, p. 637.

    Starc, Gregor and Strel, Janko 2012. Influence of the quality implementation of a physical education curriculum on the physical development and physical fitness of children. BMC Public Health, Vol. 12, Issue. 1,

    Lazarou, Chrystalleni Panagiotakos, Demosthenes B. Spanoudis, George and Matalas, Antonia-Leda 2011. E-KINDEX: A Dietary Screening Tool to Assess Children's Obesogenic Dietary Habits. Journal of the American College of Nutrition, Vol. 30, Issue. 2, p. 100.

    Yngve, Agneta Tseng, Marilyn Haapala, Irja Hodge, Allison and McNeill, Geraldine 2011. The epidemic of obesity publications, award to legend and more. Public Health Nutrition, Vol. 14, Issue. 01, p. 1.


Tracking excess weight and obesity from childhood to young adulthood: a 12-year prospective cohort study in Slovenia

  • Gregor Starc (a1) and Janko Strel (a1)
  • DOI:
  • Published online: 15 April 2010

The objective was to examine the tracking of obesity from childhood to young adulthood in Slovenia.


A subsample included 4833 children from the Slovenian national sample (n 21 777) who were included in the SLOFIT monitoring system from 1997 to 2008, with complete data at 7 years and 18 years.


A 12-year prospective cohort study. Height, weight and triceps skinfold thickness (TSF) were measured at 7, 11, 14 and 18 years. The BMI cut-off points of the International Obesity Taskforce were used to identify excess weight and obesity.


The survey was conducted in Slovenian primary and secondary schools from 1988 to 2008 but only the data from the measurements in 1997, 2001, 2004 and 2008 are presented.


Height, weight and BMI at 18 years were well predicted from childhood and became more predictable with age, while TSF was not. Obese and overweight children had the greatest risk of becoming obese or overweight young adults. The history of their weight shows that 40·0 % of males and 48·6 % of females who were obese at 18 years had already been obese at 7 years.


Overweight or obese Slovenian children are more likely to become overweight or obese adolescents and young adults than reported in other similar European and American studies, which indicates the need for early prevention and treatment of excess weight and obesity.

  • View HTML
    • Send article to Kindle

      To send this article to your Kindle, first ensure is added to your Approved Personal Document E-mail List under your Personal Document Settings on the Manage Your Content and Devices page of your Amazon account. Then enter the ‘name’ part of your Kindle email address below. Find out more about sending to your Kindle.

      Note you can select to send to either the or variations. ‘’ emails are free but can only be sent to your device when it is connected to wi-fi. ‘’ emails can be delivered even when you are not connected to wi-fi, but note that service fees apply.

      Find out more about the Kindle Personal Document Service.

      Tracking excess weight and obesity from childhood to young adulthood: a 12-year prospective cohort study in Slovenia
      Your Kindle email address
      Available formats
      Send article to Dropbox

      To send this article to your Dropbox account, please select one or more formats and confirm that you agree to abide by our usage policies. If this is the first time you use this feature, you will be asked to authorise Cambridge Core to connect with your Dropbox account. Find out more about sending content to Dropbox.

      Tracking excess weight and obesity from childhood to young adulthood: a 12-year prospective cohort study in Slovenia
      Available formats
      Send article to Google Drive

      To send this article to your Google Drive account, please select one or more formats and confirm that you agree to abide by our usage policies. If this is the first time you use this feature, you will be asked to authorise Cambridge Core to connect with your Google Drive account. Find out more about sending content to Google Drive.

      Tracking excess weight and obesity from childhood to young adulthood: a 12-year prospective cohort study in Slovenia
      Available formats
Corresponding author
*Corresponding author: Email
Linked references
Hide All

This list contains references from the content that can be linked to their source. For a full set of references and notes please see the PDF or HTML where available.

2.EA Lew & L Garfinkel (1979) Variations in mortality by weight among 750 000 men and women. J Chronic Dis 32, 563576.

3.G Hu , J Tuomilehto , K Silventoinen (2005) The effects of physical activity and body mass index on cardiovascular, cancer and all-cause mortality among 47 212 middle-aged Finnish men and women. Int J Obes 29, 894902.

4.H El-Serag (2008) The association between obesity and GERD: a review of the epidemiological evidence. Dig Dis Sci 53, 23072312.

5.E Cho , JE Manson , MJ Stampfer (2002) A prospective study of obesity and risk of coronary heart disease among diabetic women. Diabetes Care 25, 11421148.

6.AH Mokdad , ES Ford , BA Bowman (2003) Prevalence of obesity, diabetes, and obesity-related health risk factors, 2001. JAMA 289, 7679.

7.DS Michaud , E Giovannucci , WC Willett (2001) Physical activity, obesity, height, and the risk of pancreatic cancer. JAMA 286, 921929.

8.SF Thomsen , CS Ulrik , KO Kyvik (2007) Association between obesity and asthma in a twin cohort. Allergy 62, 11991204.

9.P Zimmet , KG Alberti & J Shaw (2001) Global and societal implications of the diabetes epidemic. Nature 414, 782787.

11.DS Freedman , WH Dietz , SR Srinivasan (1999) The relation of overweight to cardiovascular risk factors among children and adolescents: the Bogalusa Heart Study. Pediatrics 103, 11751182.

12.JS Harrell , A Jessup & N Greene (2006) Changing our future: obesity and the metabolic syndrome in children and adolescents. J Cardiovasc Nurs 21, 322330.

13.R Weiss , J Dziura , TS Burgert (2004) Obesity and the metabolic syndrome in children and adolescents. N Engl J Med 350, 23622374.

14.FD Gilliland , K Berhane , T Islam (2003) Obesity and the risk of newly diagnosed asthma in school-age children. Am J Epidemiol 158, 406415.

15.GA Colditz (1999) Economic costs of obesity and inactivity. Med Sci Sports Exerc Suppl 31, 663667.

16.AM Wolf & GA Colditz (1998) Current estimates of the economic cost of obesity in the United States. Obes Res 6, 97106.

17.D Thompson & AM Wolf (2001) The medical-care cost burden of obesity. Obes Rev 2, 189197.

18.G Wang & WH Dietz (2002) Economic burden of obesity in youths aged 6 to 17 years: 1979–1999. Pediatrics 109, E81.

19.JC Seidell (1998) Societal and personal costs of obesity. Exp Clin Endocrinol Diabetes Suppl 106, 79.

20.RC Whitaker , JA Wright , MS Pepe (1997) Predicting obesity in young adulthood from childhood and parental obesity. N Engl J Med 337, 869873.

21.K Kotani , M Nishida , S Yamashita (1997) Two decades of annual medical examinations in Japanese obese children: do obese children grow into obese adults? Int J Obes Relat Metab Disord 21, 912921.

22.WR Clarke & RM Lauer (1993) Does childhood obesity track into adulthood? Crit Rev Food Sci Nutr 33, 423430.

23.AM Magarey , LA Daniels , TJ Boulton (2003) Predicting obesity in early adulthood from childhood and parental obesity. Int J Obes Relat Metab Disord 27, 505513.

24.SS Guo , C Huang , LM Maynard (2000) Body mass index during childhood, adolescence and young adulthood in relation to adult overweight and adiposity: the Fels Longitudinal Study. Int J Obes Relat Metab Disord 24, 16281635.

26.HC Kemper , GB Post , JW Twisk (1999) Lifestyle and obesity in adolescence and young adulthood: results from the Amsterdam Growth And Health Longitudinal Study (AGAHLS). Int J Obes Relat Metab Disord Suppl 23, 3440.

27.S Williams , G Davie & F Lam (1999) Predicting BMI in young adults from childhood data using two approaches to modelling adiposity rebound. Int J Obes Relat Metab Disord 23, 348354.

28.E Kvaavik , GS Tell & KI Klepp (2003) Predictors and tracking of body mass index from adolescence into adulthood: follow-up of 18 to 20 years in the Oslo Youth Study. Arch Pediatr Adolesc Med 157, 12121218.

32.E Charney , HC Goodman , M McBride (1976) Childhood antecedents of adult obesity. Do chubby infants become obese adults? N Engl J Med 295, 69.

33.N Stettler , BS Zemel , S Kumanyika (2002) Infant weight gain and childhood overweight status in a multicenter, cohort study. Pediatrics 109, 194199.

34.RC Whitaker , MS Pepe , JA Wright (1998) Early adiposity rebound and the risk of adult obesity. Pediatrics 101, E5.

36.TJ Cole , MC Bellizzi , KM Flegal (2000) Establishing a standard definition for child overweight and obesity worldwide: international survey. BMJ 320, 12401243.

37.JM Tanner , RH Whitehouse , E Marubini (1976) The adolescent growth spurt of boys and girls of the Harpenden Growth Study. Ann Hum Biol 3, 109126.

42.JK Lake , C Power & TJ Cole (1997) Child to adult body mass index in the 1958 British birth cohort: associations with parental obesity. Arch Dis Child 77, 376381.

43.MF Rolland-Cachera , M Deheeger , M Guilloud-Bataille (1987) Tracking the development of adiposity from one month of age to adulthood. Ann Hum Biol 14, 219229.

45.SS Guo , WC Chumlea , AF Roche (1997) Age- and maturity-related changes in body composition during adolescence into adulthood: the Fels Longitudinal Study. Int J Obes Relat Metab Disord 21, 11671175.

47.MK Serdula , D Ivery , RJ Coates (1993) Do obese children become obese adults? A review of the literature. Prev Med 22, 167177.

48.M Nowak , R Speare & D Crawford (1996) Gender differences in adolescent weight and shape-related beliefs and behaviour. J Paediatr Child Health 32, 148152.

49.L Folk , J Pedersen & S Cullari (1993) Body satisfaction and self-concept of third- and sixth-grade students. Percept Mot Skills 76, 547553.

50.S Sarlio-Lähteenkorva , K Pärna , H Palosuo (2003) Weight satisfaction and self-esteem among teenagers in Helsinki, Moscow and Tallinn. Eat Weight Disord 8, 289295.

51.M McCabe & L Ricciardelli (2003) Body image and strategies to lose weight and increase muscle among boys and girls. Health Psychol 22, 3946.

52.T Davison & M McCabe (2006) Adolescent body image and psychosocial functioning. J Soc Psychol 146, 1530.

Recommend this journal

Email your librarian or administrator to recommend adding this journal to your organisation's collection.

Public Health Nutrition
  • ISSN: 1368-9800
  • EISSN: 1475-2727
  • URL: /core/journals/public-health-nutrition
Please enter your name
Please enter a valid email address
Who would you like to send this to? *