Skip to main content
×
Home
    • Aa
    • Aa

Trends in the prevalence of obesity and overweight in English adults by age and birth cohort, 1991–2006

  • Denise Howel (a1)
Abstract
AbstractObjective

To describe trends in the prevalence of obesity and overweight in English adults.

Design

Analysis of nationally representative cross-sectional population surveys. Sociodemographic information was gathered by an interviewer-administered questionnaire and measurements of height and weight were used to calculate the prevalence of obesity and overweight.

Subjects

A total of 61 515 men and 69 733 women aged 16–65 years participating in the annual Health Survey for England between 1991 and 2006.

Results

When the 4-year periods 1991/94 and 2003/06 were compared, male and female obesity had risen by 8·2 % and 6·0 %, and male and female overweight had risen by 8·8 % and 7·4 %. However, the rate of increase appears to be slowing down: the increases between 1995/98 and 1999/02 were greater than those between 1999/02 and 2003/06. There was relatively little variation across the age range in the average changes in obesity or overweight prevalence between time periods, except that the increase in male obesity between periods was significantly greater for older than younger males. When the subjects were divided into 10-year pseudo birth cohorts, it was seen that the prevalence of obesity and overweight was consistently higher at a given average age for pseudo cohorts born more recently. This agreed with data from two British cohort studies.

Conclusions

Obesity and overweight continued to rise over the study period, but there are signs that the rate of increase is slowing down, even though the prevalence is consistently higher for a given age in cohorts born more recently.

  • View HTML
    • Send article to Kindle

      To send this article to your Kindle, first ensure no-reply@cambridge.org is added to your Approved Personal Document E-mail List under your Personal Document Settings on the Manage Your Content and Devices page of your Amazon account. Then enter the ‘name’ part of your Kindle email address below. Find out more about sending to your Kindle.

      Note you can select to send to either the @free.kindle.com or @kindle.com variations. ‘@free.kindle.com’ emails are free but can only be sent to your device when it is connected to wi-fi. ‘@kindle.com’ emails can be delivered even when you are not connected to wi-fi, but note that service fees apply.

      Find out more about the Kindle Personal Document Service.

      Trends in the prevalence of obesity and overweight in English adults by age and birth cohort, 1991–2006
      Available formats
      ×
      Send article to Dropbox

      To send this article to your Dropbox account, please select one or more formats and confirm that you agree to abide by our usage policies. If this is the first time you use this feature, you will be asked to authorise Cambridge Core to connect with your Dropbox account. Find out more about sending content to Dropbox.

      Trends in the prevalence of obesity and overweight in English adults by age and birth cohort, 1991–2006
      Available formats
      ×
      Send article to Google Drive

      To send this article to your Google Drive account, please select one or more formats and confirm that you agree to abide by our usage policies. If this is the first time you use this feature, you will be asked to authorise Cambridge Core to connect with your Google Drive account. Find out more about sending content to Google Drive.

      Trends in the prevalence of obesity and overweight in English adults by age and birth cohort, 1991–2006
      Available formats
      ×
Copyright
Corresponding author
*Corresponding author: Email d.howel@ncl.ac.uk
Linked references
Hide All

This list contains references from the content that can be linked to their source. For a full set of references and notes please see the PDF or HTML where available.

19. F Sassi , M Devaux , J Church (2009) Education and Obesity in Four OECD Countries. OECD Health Working Papers no. 46. Paris: OECD.

31. D Kuh & Y Ben-Shlomo (editors) (2004) A Life Course Approach to Chronic Disease Epidemiology. Oxford: Oxford University Press.

Recommend this journal

Email your librarian or administrator to recommend adding this journal to your organisation's collection.

Public Health Nutrition
  • ISSN: 1368-9800
  • EISSN: 1475-2727
  • URL: /core/journals/public-health-nutrition
Please enter your name
Please enter a valid email address
Who would you like to send this to? *
×

Keywords:

Metrics

Full text views

Total number of HTML views: 5
Total number of PDF views: 52 *
Loading metrics...

Abstract views

Total abstract views: 141 *
Loading metrics...

* Views captured on Cambridge Core between September 2016 - 22nd July 2017. This data will be updated every 24 hours.