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Validation of a pre-coded food diary used among 13-year-olds: comparison of energy intake with energy expenditure

  • Lene F Andersen (a1), Magnhild L Pollestad (a1), David R Jacobs (a1) (a2), Arne Løvø (a1) and Bo-Egil Hustvedt (a1)...

Abstract

Objective

To validate energy intake (EI) estimated from pre-coded food diaries against energy expenditure (EE) measured with a validated position-and-movement monitor (ActiReg®) in groups of 13-year-old Norwegian schoolchildren.

Design

Two studies were conducted. In study 1 the monitoring period was 4 days; participants recorded their food intake for four consecutive weekdays using food diaries and wore the ActiReg® during the same period. In study 2 the monitoring period was 7 days; participants recorded their food intake for four consecutive days but wore the ActiReg® for a whole week.

Settings

Participants were recruited from grade 8 in a school in and one outside Oslo (Norway).

Subjects

Forty-one and 31 participants from study 1 and 2, respectively, completed the study.

Results

The group average EI was 34% lower than the measured EE in study 1 and 24% lower in study 2. The width of the 95% confidence limits of agreement in a Bland–Altman plot for EI and EE varied from -0.2 MJ to 8.2 MJ in study 1 and from -2.3 MJ to 6.9 MJ in study 2. The Pearson correlation coefficients between reported energy intake and expenditure were 0.47 (P = 0.002) in study 1 and 0.74 (P < 0.001) in study 2.

Conclusion

The data showed that there was substantial variability in the accuracy of the food diary at the individual level. Furthermore, the diary underestimated the average energy intake. The ability of the food diary to rank individuals according to energy intake was found to be good in one of the studies and moderate in the other.

Copyright

Corresponding author

*Corresponding author: Email l.f.andersen@medisin.uio.no

References

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Public Health Nutrition
  • ISSN: 1368-9800
  • EISSN: 1475-2727
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