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What factors are associated with frequent unhealthy snack-food consumption among Australian secondary-school students?

  • Philippa Niven (a1), Maree Scully (a1), Belinda Morley (a1), Louise Baur (a2), David Crawford (a3), Iain S Pratt (a4) and Melanie Wakefield (a1)...



To examine demographic and behavioural correlates of unhealthy snack-food consumption among Australian secondary-school students and the association between their perceptions of availability, convenience and intake with consumption.


Cross-sectional survey of students’ eating, physical activity and sedentary behaviours using validated instruments administered via an online questionnaire.


Australian secondary schools across all states/territories.


Secondary-school students aged 12–17 years participating in the 2009–10 National Secondary Students’ Diet and Activity (NaSSDA) survey (n 12 188).


Approximately one in five students (21 %) reported consuming unhealthy snack foods ≥14 times/week (‘frequent snackers’). After adjusting for all covariates, older students and those with a BMI of ≥25 kg/m2 were less likely to be frequent snackers, while students who reported high fast-food and high sugar-sweetened beverage consumption and those who watched television for >2 h/d were more likely to snack frequently. Furthermore, after adjusting for all covariates and demographic factors, students who agreed that snack foods are usually available at home, convenient to buy and that they eat too many snack foods were more likely to be snacking frequently. Conversely, students who agreed that fruit is a convenient snack were less likely to be frequent snackers.


Frequent unhealthy snack-food consumption appears to cluster with other poor health behaviours. Perceptions of availability and convenience are factors most readily amenable to change, and findings suggest interventions should focus on decreasing the availability of unhealthy snack foods in the home and promoting healthier options such as fruit as convenient snacks.

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The NaSSDA Study Team comprises Cancer Council Victoria: Belinda Morley, Maree Scully, Melanie Wakefield; Technical Advisory Group: Louise Baur (Chair), Anthony Okely, Iain S. Pratt, Jane Bowen, Jo Salmon, Victoria Flood, David Crawford, Anthony Worsley.



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What factors are associated with frequent unhealthy snack-food consumption among Australian secondary-school students?

  • Philippa Niven (a1), Maree Scully (a1), Belinda Morley (a1), Louise Baur (a2), David Crawford (a3), Iain S Pratt (a4) and Melanie Wakefield (a1)...


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