Skip to main content
×
Home
    • Aa
    • Aa

Channel noise in nerve membranes and lipid bilayers

  • F Conti (a1) and E. Wanke (a2)
Abstract

The basic principles underlying fluctuation phenomena in thermodynamics have long been understood (for reviews see Kubo, 1957; Kubo, Matsuo & Kazuhiro 1973 Lax, 1960). Classical examples of how fluctuation analysis can provide an insight into the corpuscular nature of matter are the determination of Avogadro's number according to Einstein's theory of Brownian motion (see, e.g. Uhlenbeck & Ornstein, 1930; Kac, 1947) and the evaluation of the electronic charge from the shot noise in vacuum tubes (see Van der Ziel, 1970).

Copyright
Linked references
Hide All

This list contains references from the content that can be linked to their source. For a full set of references and notes please see the PDF or HTML where available.

O. Alvarez , R. Latorre & P. Vergudo (1975). Kinetic characteristics of the ElM channel in oxidized cholesterol and brain lipid bilayer membranes. J. gen. Physiol. 65, 421–39.

C. R. Anderson & C. F. Stevens (1973). Voltage clamp analysis of acetylcholine produced end-plate current fluctuations at frog neuromuscular junction. J. Physiol., Lond. 235, 655–91.

C. M. Armstrong & F. Bezanilla (1974). Charge movement associated with the opening and closing of the activation gates of the Na channels. J. gen. Physiol. 63, 533–52.

C. M. Armstrong & L. Binstock (1965). Anomalous rectification in the squid giant axon injected wth tetraethylammonium chloride. J. gen. Physiol. 48, 859–72..

E. Bamberg & P. Läger (1973). Channel formation kinetics of gramicidin A in lipid bilayer membranes. J. Membrane Biol. 11, 177–94.

R. C. Bean (1972). Multiple conductance states in single channels of variable resistance in lipid bilayer membranes. J. Membrane Biol. 7, 1528.

R. C. Bean , W. C. Shepherd , H. Chan & J. T. Eichner (1969). Discrete conductance fluctuations in lipid bilayer protein membranes. J. gen. Physiol. 53, 741–575.

T. Begenisich & C. F. Stevens (1975). How many conductance states do potassium channels have? Biophys. J. 15, 843–46.

G. Boheim (1974) Statistical analysis of alamethicin channels in black lipid membranes. J. Membrane Biol. 19, 277302.

A. Cass , A. Finkelstein & V. Krespi (1970). The ion permeability induced in thin lipid membranes by the polyene antibiotics nystatin and amphotericin B. J. gen. Physiol. 56, 100–23.

D. R. Chen & H. T. Hill (1973). Fluctuations and noise in kinetic system: application to K+ channels in the squid axon. Biophys. J. 13, 1276–95.

K. S. Cole & J. W. Moore (1960). Potassium ion current in the squid giant axon: dynamic characteristic. Biophys. J. 1, 114.

F. Conti (1970). Nerve membrane electrical characteristics near the resting state. Biophysik 6, 257–70.

F. Conti , Felice L. J. De & E. Wanke (1975). Potassium and sodium ion current noise in the membrane of the squid giant axon. J. Physiol., Lond.248, 4582.

L. J. De Felice & J. P. L. M. Michalides (1972). Electrical noise from synthetic membranes. J. Membrane Biol. 9, 261–90.

H. E. Derksen & A. A. Verveen (1966). Fluctuations of resting membrane potential. Science, N.Y.151, 1388–9.

G. Ehrenstein , R. Blumenthal , R. Latorre & H. Lecar (1974). Kinetics of opening and closing of individual ElM channels in lipid bilayer. J. gen. Physiol. 63, 707–21.

G. Ehrenstein & D. L. Gilbert (1966). Slow changes of potassium permeability in the squid giant axon. Biophys. J. 6, 553–64.

M. Eisenberg , J. E. Hall & C. A. Mead (1973) The nature of the voltage-dependent conductance induced by alamethicin in black lipid membranes. J. Membrane Biol. 14, 143–76.

G. Feher & M. Weissman (1973). Fluctuation spectroscopy: determination of chemical reaction kinetics from the frequency spectrum of fluctuations. Proc. natn. Acad. Sci. U.S.A. 70, 870–5.

H. M. Fishman (1973). Relaxation spectra of potassium channel noise from squid axon membranes. Proc. natn. Acad. Sci. U.S.A. 70, 876–9.

B. Frankenhaeuser & A. L. Hodgkin (1956). The after-effects of impulses in the giant nerve fibers of Loligo. J. Physiol., Lond. 131, 341–76.

L. G. M. Gordon & D. A. Haydon (1972). The unit conductance channel of alamethicin. Biochim. biophys. Acta 255, 1014–18.

M. G. M. Gordon & D. A. Haydon (1975). Potential-dependent conductances in lipid membranes containing alamethicin. Phil. Trans. R. Soc. Lond. B 270, 433–47.

T. L. Hill & Yi-Der Chen (1972 b). On the theory of ion transport across the nerve membrane. V. Two models for the Cole-Moore K+ hyperpolarization delay. Biophys. J. 12, 960–76.

S. B. Hladky & D. A. Haydon (1970). Discreteness of conductance change in bimolecular lipid membranes in the presence of certain antibiotics. Nature, Lond.225, 451–3.

S. B. Hladky & D. A. Haydon (1972). Ion transfer across lipid membranes in the presence of gramicidin A. I. Studies of the unit conductance channel. Biochim. biophys. Acta, 274, 294312.

H. L. Hodgkin & A. F. Huxley (1952). A quantitative description of membrane current and its application to conduction and excitation in nerve. J. Physiol., Lond.117, 507–44.

J. B. Johnson (1928). Thermal agitation of electricity in conductors. Phys. Rev. 32, 97109.

M. Kac (1947). Random walk and the theory of Brownian motion. Am. Math. Monthly 54, 369–91. Also reprinted in Selected Papers on Noise and Stochastic Processes (ed. N. Wax ). New York: Dover Publ. Inc., 1954.

B. Katz & R. Miledi (1972). The statistical nature of the acetylcholine potential and its molecular components. J. Physiol., Lond.224, 665–99.

B. Katz & R. Miledi (1973). The characteristics of ‘end-plate noise’ produced by different depolarizing drugs. J. Physiol., Lond.230, 707–17.

R. D. Keynes , F. Bezanilla , E. Rojas & R. E. Taylor (1975). The rate of action of tetrodotoxin on sodium conductance in the squid giant axon. Phil. Trans. R. Soc. Lond. B 270, 365–75.

R. D. Keynes & E. Rojas (1976). The temporal and steady-state relationships between activation of the sodium conductance and movement of the gating particles in the squid giant axon. J. Physiol., Lond.255, 157189.

H. A. Kolb , P. Läuger & E. Bamberg (1975). Correlation analysis of electrical noise in lipid bilayer membranes: Kinetics of gramicidin A channels. J. Membrane Biol. 20, 133–54.

R. Kubo (1957). Statistical mechanical theory of irreversible processes. General theory and simple applications to magnetic and conduction problems. J. Physiol. Soc. Japan 12, 570–86.

R. Kubo , K. Matsuo & K. Kazuhiro (1973). Fluctuation and relaxation of macrovariables. J. Stat. Phys. 9, 5196.

R. Latorre , G. Ehrenstein & H. Lecar (1972). Ion transport through excitability-inducing material (EIM) channels in lipid bilayer membranes. J. gen. Physiol. 60, 7285.

M. Lax (1960). Fluctuations from the nonequilibrium steady state. Rev. mod. Phys. 32, 2564.

S. R. Levinson & H. Meves (1975). The binding of tritiated tetrodoxin to squid giant axons. Phil. Trans. R. Soc. Lond. B 270, 349–52.

A. Mauro , R. P. Nanavati & E. Heyer (1972). Time-variant conductance of bilayer membranes treated with monazomycin and alamethicin. Proc. natn. Acad. Sci. U.S.A. 69, 3742–4.

J. P. L. M. Michalides , R. A. M. Wallaart & L. J. De Felice (1973). Electrical noise from PVC-Membranes. Pflügers Arch. 341, 97104.

P. Mueller & D. O. Rudin (1963). Induced excitability in reconstituted cell membrane structure. J. theor. Biol. 4, 268280.

P. Mueller , D. O. Rudin , H. T. Tien & W. W. Westcott (1962). Reconstitution of all membrane structure in vitro and its transformation into an excitable system. Nature, Lond.194, 979–81.

R. U. Muller & A. Finkelstein (1972 b). The effect of surface charge on the voltage-dependent conductance induced in thin lipid membranes by monazomycin. J. gen. Physiol. 60, 285306.

L. J. Mullins (1959). An analysis of conductance changes in squid axon. J. gen. Physiol. 42, 1013–35.

L. J. Mullins (1968). A single channel or a dual channel mechanism for nerve excitation. J. gen. Physiol. 52, 550–3.

T. Narahashi , J. W. Moore & W. R. Scott (1964). Tetrodotoxin blockage of sodium conductance increase in lobster giant axons. J. gen. Physiol. 47, 965–74.

E. Neher & H. P. Zingsheim (1974). The properties of ionic channels measured by noise analysis in this lipid membranes. Pflügers Arch. ges. Physiol. 351, 61–7.

W. Nonner , E. Rojas & R. Stämpfli (1975). Gating currents in the node of Ranvier: voltage and time dependence. Phil. Trans. R. Soc. Lond. B 270, 483–92.

H. Nyquist (1928). Thermal agitation of electric charge in conductors. Phys. Rev. 32, 110–13.

J. P. Pooler & G. S. Oxford (1972). Low membrane resistance in sucrose gap - a parallel leakage path. Biochim. biophys. Acta 255, 681–4.

D. J. M. Poussart (1973). Low-level average power measurements: noise figure improvement through parallel or series connection of noisy amplifiers. Rev. scient. Instrum. 44, 1049–52.

S. O. Rice (1944). Mathematical analysis of random noise. Bell System Techn. J. 23, 282304.

E. Rojas & R. D. Keynes (1975). On the relation between displacement currents and activation of the sodium conductance in the squid giant axon. Phil. Trans. R. Soc. Lond. B 270, 459–82.

J. R. Segal (1972). Electrical fluctuations associated with active transport. Biophys. J. 12, 1371–90.

E. Siebenga , J. De Goede & A. A. Verveen (1974). The influence of TTX, DNP and TEA on membrane flicker noise and shot effect noise of the frog node of Ranvier. Pflügers Arch. ges. Physiol. 351, 2534.

E. Siebenga , A. Meyer & A. A. Verveen (1973). Membrane shot noise in electrically depolarized nodes of Ranvier. Pflügers Arch. ges. Physiol. 341, 97104.

F. Stevens (1972). Inferences about membrane properties from electrical noise measurements. Biophys. J. 12, 1028–47.

I. Tasaki & S. Hagiwara (1957). Demonstration of two stable potential states in squid giant axon under tetraethylammonium chloride. J. gen. Physiol. 40, 851–85.

G. E. Uhlenbeck & L. S. Ornstein (1930). On the theory of Brownian motion. Phys. Rev. 36, 823841.

D. W. Urry (1971). The gramicidin A transmembrane channel: a proposed π(L, D) helix. Proc. natn. Acad. Sci. U.S.A. 68, 672–6.

D. W. Urry , M. C. Goodall , J. D. Glickson & D. F. Meyers (1971). The gramicidin A transmembrane channel: characteristics of head-to- head dimerized π(L.D) helices. Proc. natn. Acad. Sci. U.S.A. 68, 1907–11.

A. A. Verveen & L. J. De Felice (1974). Membrane noise. Prog. Biophys. molec. Biol. 28, 189265.

A. A. Verveen & H. E. Derksen (1968). Fluctuation phenomena in nerve membrane. Proc. IEEE 56, 906–16.

E. Wanke , L. J. De Felice & F. Conti (1974). Voltage noise and current noise in space clamped squid giant axon. Pflügers Arch. ges. Physiol. 347, 6374.

M. Yafuso , S. J. Kennedy & A. R. Freeman (1974). Spontaneous conductance changes, multilevel conductance states and negative differential resistance in oxidized cholesterol black lipid membranes. J. Membrane Biol. 17, 201–12.

H. P. Zingsheim & E. Neher (1974). The equivalence of fluctuation analysis and chemical relaxation measurements: a study of ion pore formation in thin lipid membranes. Biophys. Chem. 2, 197207.

Recommend this journal

Email your librarian or administrator to recommend adding this journal to your organisation's collection.

Quarterly Reviews of Biophysics
  • ISSN: 0033-5835
  • EISSN: 1469-8994
  • URL: /core/journals/quarterly-reviews-of-biophysics
Please enter your name
Please enter a valid email address
Who would you like to send this to? *
×