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Lake core record of Grinnell Glacier dynamics during the latest Pleistocene deglaciation and the Younger Dryas, Glacier National Park, Montana, USA

Published online by Cambridge University Press:  20 January 2017

Nathan S. Schachtman*
Geology Department, Macalester College, Saint Paul, MN 55105, USA
Kelly R. MacGregor
Geology Department, Macalester College, Saint Paul, MN 55105, USA
Amy Myrbo
LacCore, University of Minnesota, Minneapolis, MN 55455, USA
Nora Rose Hencir
Geology Department, Macalester College, Saint Paul, MN 55105, USA
Catherine A. Riihimaki
Council on Science and Technology, Princeton University, Princeton, NJ 08544, USA
Jeffrey T. Thole
Geology Department, Macalester College, Saint Paul, MN 55105, USA
Louisa I. Bradtmiller
Department of Environmental Studies, Macalester College, Saint Paul, MN 55105, USA
*Corresponding author.E-mail (N.S. Schachtman).


Few records in the alpine landscape of western North America document the geomorphic and glaciologic response to climate change during the Pleistocene–Holocene transition. While moraines can provide snapshots of glacier extent, high-resolution records of environmental response to the end of the Last Glacial Maximum, Younger Dryas cooling, and subsequent warming into the stable Holocene are rare. We describe the transition from the late Pleistocene to the Holocene using a ~ 17,000-yr sediment record from Swiftcurrent Lake in eastern Glacier National Park, MT, with a focus on the period from ~ 17 to 11 ka. Total organic and inorganic carbon, grain size, and carbon/nitrogen data provide evidence for glacial retreat from the late Pleistocene into the Holocene, with the exception of a well-constrained advance during the Younger Dryas from 12.75 to 11.5 ka. Increased detrital carbonate concentration in Swiftcurrent Lake sediment reflects enhanced glacial erosion and sediment transport, likely a result of a more proximal ice terminus position and a reduction in the number of alpine lakes acting as sediment sinks in the valley.

University of Washington

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Lake core record of Grinnell Glacier dynamics during the latest Pleistocene deglaciation and the Younger Dryas, Glacier National Park, Montana, USA
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