Skip to main content
×
×
Home

Evidence of temperature depression and hydrological variations in the eastern Sierra Nevada during the Younger Dryas Stade

  • Glen M. MacDonald (a1) (a2), Katrina A. Moser (a3), Amy M. Bloom (a4), David F. Porinchu (a5), Aaron P. Potito (a6), Brent B. Wolfe (a7), Thomas W.D. Edwards (a8), Amanda Petel (a1), Antony R. Orme (a1) and Amalie Jo Orme (a9)...
Abstract

Sediment records from two lakes in the east-central Sierra Nevada, California, provide evidence of cooling and hydrological shifts during the Younger Dryas stade (YD; ~ 12,900–11,500 cal yr BP). A chironomid transfer function suggests that lake-water temperatures were depressed by 2°C to 4°C relative to maximum temperatures during the preceding Bølling–Allerød interstade (BA; ~ 14,500–12,900 cal yr BP). Diatom and stable isotope records suggest dry conditions during the latter part of the BA interstade and development of relatively moist conditions during the initiation of the YD stade, with a reversion to drier conditions later in the YD. These paleohydrological inferences correlate with similar timed changes detected in the adjacent Great Basin. Vegetation response during the YD stade includes the development of more open and xeric vegetation toward the end of the YD. The new records support linkages between the North Atlantic, the North Pacific, and widespread YD cooling in western North America, but they also suggest complex hydrological influences. Shifting hydrological conditions and relatively muted vegetation changes may explain the previous lack of evidence for the YD stade in the Sierra Nevada and the discordance in some paleohydrological and glacial records of the YD stade from the western United States.

Copyright
Corresponding author
*Corresponding author. Department of Geography, UCLA, Los Angeles, CA 90095-1524, USA. E-mail address: macdonal@geog.ucla.edu (G.M. MacDonald).
References
Hide All
Adam, D.P., (1985). Quaternary pollen records from California.. Bryant, V.M., Holloway, R.G. Pollen records of Late Quaternary North American sediments American Association of Stratigraphic Palynologists Foundation, Dallas., pp. 125140.
Adams, K.D., (2007). Late Holocene sedimentary environments and lake-level fluctuations at Walker Lake, Nevada, USA.. Geological Society of America Bulletin 119, 126139.
Alley, R.B., (2000). The Younger Dryas cold interval as viewed from central Greenland.. Quaternary Science Reviews 19, 213226.
Anderson, R.S., (1990). Holocene forest development and paleoclimates within the central Sierra Nevada: California.. Journal of Ecology 78, 470489.
Bacon, S.N., Burke, R.M., Pezzopane, S.K., Jayko, A.S., (2006). Last glacial maximum and Holocene lake levels of Owens Lake, eastern California, USA.. Quaternary Science Reviews 25, 2641282.
Bailey, R.A., (1989). Geologic map of Long Valley caldera, Mono-Inyo Craters volcanic chain, and vicinity, Mono County, California.. U.S. Geological Survey Miscellaneous Investigations Map I-1933.
Barron, J.A., Heusser, L., Herbert, T., Lyle, M., (2003). High-resolution climatic evolution of coastal northern California during the past 16,000 years.. Paleoceanography 18, 10.1029/2002PA000768.
Battarbee, R.W., Jones, V.J., Flower, R.J., Cameron, N.G., Bennion, H., Carvalho, L., Juggins, S., (2001). Diatoms.. Birks, H.J.B., Last, W.M., Smol, J.P. Tracking environmental change using lake sediments Volume 3: terrestrial, algal, and silicious indicators Kluwer Academic Publishers, Dordrecht., pp. 155202.
Benson, L.V., Burdett, J.W., Lund, S.P., Kashgarian, M., Mensing, S., (1997). Nearly synchronous climate change in the Northern Hemisphere during the last glacial termination.. Nature 388, 263265.
Benson, L., Kashgarian, M., Rye, R., Lund, S., Paillet, F., Smoot, J., Kester, C., Mensing, S., Meko, D., Lindström, S., (2002). Holocene multidecadal and multicentennial droughts affecting northern California and Nevada.. Quaternary Science Reviews 21, 659682.
Birks, H.J.B., (1998). Numerical tools in palaeolimnology — progess, potentialities and problems.. Journal of Paleolimnology 20, 307332.
Björck, S., Kromer, B., Johnsen, S., Bennike, O., Hammarlund, D., Lemdahl, G., Possnert, G., Rasmussen, T.L., Wohlfarth, B., Hammer, C., Spurk, M., (1996). Synchronized terrestrial atmospheric deglacial records around the North Atlantic.. Science 274, 11551160.
Bloom, A.M., Moser, K.A., Porinchu, D.F., MacDonald, G.M., (2003). Diatom-inference models for surface-water temperature and salinity developed from a 57-lake calibration set from the Sierra Nevada, California, USA.. Journal of Paleolimnology 29, 235255.
Bradshaw, E.G., Jones, V.J., Birks, H.J.B., Birks, H.H., (2000). Diatom responses to late-glacial and early-Holocene environmental changes at Kråkenes, western Norway.. Journal of Paleolimnology 23, 2134.
Briggs, R.W., Wesnousky, S.G., Adams, K.D., (2005). Late Pleistocene and late Holocene lake highstands in the Pyramid Lake subbasin of Lake Lahontan, Nevada, USA.. Quaternary Research 64, 257263.
Broecker, W.S., (1997). Thermohaline circulation, the Achilles' Heel of our climate system: will man-made CO2 upset the current balance?.. Science 278, 15821588.
Broecker, W.S., (2003). Does the trigger for abrupt climate change reside in the ocean or in the atmosphere?.. Science 300, 15191522.
Burbank, D.W., (1991). Late Quaternary snowline reconstructions for the southern and central Sierra Nevada, California: reassessment of the “Recess Peak”.. Glaciation. Quaternary Research 36, 294306.
Carlson, A.E., Clark, P.U., Haley, B.A., Klinkhammer, G.P., Simmons, K., Brook, E.J., Meissner, K.J., (2007). Geochemical proxies of North American freshwater routing during the Younger Dryas.. PNAS 104, 65566561.
Clark, D.H., Gillespie, A.R., (1997). Timing and significance of late-glacial and Holocene cirque glaciation in the Sierra Nevada, California.. Quaternary International 38/39, 2138.
Cole, K.L., Arundel, S.T., (2005). Carbon isotopes from fossil packrat pellets and elevational movements of Utah agave plants reveal the Younger Dryas cold period in Grand Canyon, Arizona.. Geology 33, 713716.
Davis, O.K., (1999). Pollen analysis of a Holocene — late-Glacial sediment core from Mono Lake, Mono County, California.. Quaternary Research 52, 243249.
Dodge, F.C.W., (1971). Al2SiO5 in rocks of the Sierra Nevada and Inyo Mountain, California.. The American Mineralogist 56, 14431451.
Faegri, K., Iversen, J., Faegri, K., Kaland, P.E., Krzywinski, K., (1989). Textbook of pollen Analysis.. Fourth Edition John Wiley & Sons, New York. 328 pp.
Firestone, R.B., West, A., Kennett, J.P., Becker, L., Bunch, T.E., Revay, Z.S., Schultz, P.H., Belgya, T., Kennett, D.J., Erlandson, J.M., Dickenson, O.J., Goodyear, A.C., Harris, R.S., Howard, G.A., Kloosterman, J.B., Lechler, P., Mayewski, P.A., Montgomery, J., Poreda, R., Darrah, T., Que Hee, S.S., Smith, A.R., Stich, A., Topping, W., Wittke, J.H., Wolbach, W.S., (2007). Evidence for an extraterrestrial impact 12,900 years ago that contributed to the megafaunal extinctions and Younger Dryas cooling.. PNAS 104, 1601616021.
Gillespie, A.R., Zehfuss, P.H., (2004). Glaciations of the Sierra Nevada, California, USA.. Ehlers, J., Gibbar, P.L. Quaternary glaciations — extent and chronology, part II Elsevier B.V., Amsterdam., pp. 5167.
Grigg, L.D., Whitlock, C., (1998). Late-glacial vegetation and climate change in western Oregon.. Quaternary Research 49, 287298.
Grimm, E., (1987). CONISS: A FORTRAN 77 program for stratigraphically constrained cluster analysis by the methods of incremental sum of squares.. Computers & Geoscience 13, 1315.
Heiri, O., Lotter, A.F., Lemcke, G., (2001). Loss on ignition as a method for estimating organic and carbonate content in sediments; reproducibility and comparability of results.. Journal of Paleolimnology 25, 101110.
Hendy, I.L., Kennett, J.P., Roark, E.B., Ingram, B.L., (2002). Apparent synchroneity of submillennial scale climate events between Greenland and Santa Barbara Basin, California from 30–10 ka.. Quaternary Science Reviews 21, 11671184.
Hildreth, W., (2004). Volcanological perspectives on Long Valley, Mammoth Mountain, and Mono Craters: several contiguous but discrete systems.. Journal of Volcanology and Geothermal Research 136, 169198.
Hill, D.P., Bailey, R.A., Ryall, A.S., (1985). Active tectonic and magmatic processes beneath Long Valley caldera, eastern California: a summary.. Journal of Geophysical Research 90, 11,11111,120.
Huber, N.K., Rinehart, C.D., (1965). Geologic Map, Devils Postpile Quadrangle, California. U.S. Geological Survey Map GQ-437..
Huckleberry, G., Beck, C., Jones, G., Holmes, A., Cannon, M., Livingston, S., Broughton, J.M., (2001). Terminal Pleistocene/Early Holocene environmental change at the Sunshine Locality, north-central Nevada, U.S.A.. Quaternary Research 55, 303312.
James, L.A., Harbor, J., Fabel, D., Dahms, D., Elmore, D., (2002). Late Pleistocene glaciations in the northwestern Sierra Nevada, California.. Quaternary Research 57, 409419.
Juggins, S., (2003). C2 version 1.3. Software for ecological and palaeoecological analysis and visualization.. University of Newcastle, Newcastle upon Tyne, .
Juggins, S., ter Braak, C.J.F., (1993). CALIBRATE version 0.3: a program for species environment calibration by (weighted averaging) partial least squares regression.. Environmental Change Research Center, University College, London.
Kapp, R.O., Davis, O.K., King, J.E., (2000). How to identify pollen and spores, second edition.. Illustrated by R. C. Hall. American Association of Stratigraphic Palynologists Foundation, Dallas. 279 pp.
Koehler, P.A., Anderson, R.S., (1994). The paleoecology and stratigraphy of Nichols Meadow, Sierra National Forest, California, USA.. Palaeogeography, Palaeoclimatology, Palaeoecology 112, 117.
Licciardi, J.M., (2001). Chronology of latest Pleistocene lake-level fluctuations in the pluvial Lake Chewaucan basin, Oregon, USA.. Journal of Quaternary Science 16, 545553.
Licciardi, J.M., Clark, P.U., Brook, E.J., Elmore, D., Pankaj, S., (2004). Variable responses of western U.S. glaciers during the last deglaciation.. Geology 32, 8184.
Liu, T., Broecker, W.S., Bell, J.W., Mandeville, C.W., (2000). Terminal Pleistocene wet event recorded in rock varnish from Las Vegas Valley, southern Nevada.. Palaeogeography. Palaeoclimatology. Palaeoecology 161, 423433.
Lowell, T.V., Fisher, T.G., Comer, G.C., Hajdas, I., Waterson, N., Glover, K., Loope, H.M., Schaefer, J.M., Rinterknecht, V., Broecker, W., Denton, G., Teller, J.T., (2005). Testing the Lake Agassiz meltwater trigger for the Younger Dryas.. EOS 86, 365373.
MacDonald, G.M., Beukens, R.P., Kieser, W.E., (1991). Radiocarbon dating of limnic sediments: a comparative analysis and discussion.. Ecology 72, 11501155.
MacDonald, G.M., Kremenetski, K.V., Hidalgo, H., (2007). Southern California and the perfect drought: simultaneous prolonged drought in southern California and the Sacramento and Colorado River systems.. Quaternary International 10.1016/j.quaint.2007.06.027.
McManus, J.F., Francois, R., Gherardi, J.-M., Keigwin, L.D., Brown-Leger, S., (2004). Collapse and rapid resumption of Atlantic meridional circulation linked to deglacial climate changes.. Nature 428, 834837.
Melack, J.M., Stoddard, J.L., Ochs, C.A., (1985). Major ion chemistry and sensitivity to acid precipitation of Sierra Nevada lakes.. Water Resources Research 21, 2732.
Mensing, S.A., (2001). Late-glacial and early Holocene vegetation and climate change near Owens Lake, eastern California.. Quaternary Research 55, 5765.
Metz, J.M., Mahood, G.A., (1991). Development of the Long Valley magma chamber recorded in precaldera rhyolite lavas of Glass Mountain, California.. Contributions to Mineralogy and Petrology 106, 379397.
Mikolajewicz, U., Crowley, T.J., Schiller, A., Voss, R., (1997). Modelling teleconnections between the North Atlantic and North Pacific during the Younger Dryas.. Nature 387, 384387.
Orme, A.J., Orme, A.R., (1993). Late Pleistocene oscillations of Lake Owens, eastern California.. Geological Society of America Abstracts with Programs 25, 129130.
Orme, A.R., Orme, A.J., (2008). Late Pleistocene shorelines of Owens Lake, California, and their hydroclimatic and tectonic implications.. Geological Society of America Special Paper 439, 207225.
Oviatt, C.G., Miller, D.M., McGeehin, J.P., Zachary, C., Mahan, S., (2005). The Younger Dryas phase of Great Salt Lake, Utah, USA.. Palaeogeography, Palaeoclimatology, Palaeoecology 219, 263284.
Owen, L.A., Finkel, R.C., Minnich, R.A., Perez, A.E., (2003). Extreme southwestern margin of late Quaternary glaciation in North America: timing and controls.. Geology 31, 729732.
Phillips, F.M., Campbell, A.R., Smith, G.I., Bischoff, J.L., (1994). Interstadial climatic cycles: a link between western North America and Greenland?.. Geology 22, 11151118.
Phillips, F.M., Zreda, M.G., Benson, L.V., Plummer, M.A., Elmore, D., Sharma, P., (1996). Chronology for fluctuations in late Pleistocene Sierra Nevada glaciers and lakes.. Science 274, 749751.
Porinchu, D.F., MacDonald, G.M., Bloom, A.M., Moser, K.A., (2002). The modern distribution of chironomid sub-fossils (Insecta: Diptera) in the Sierra Nevada, California: potential for paleoclimatic reconstructions.. Journal of Paleolimnology, 28, 355375.
Porinchu, D.F., MacDonald, G.M., Bloom, A.M., Moser, K.A., (2003). Late Pleistocene and early Holocene climate and limnological changes in the Sierra Nevada, California, USA inferred from midges (Insecta: Diptera: Chironomidae).. Palaeogeography, Palaeoclimatology, Palaeoecology, 198, 403422.
Potito, A.P., Porinchu, D.F., MacDonald, G.M., Moser, K.A., (2007). A late Quaternary chironomid inferred temperature record from the Sierra Nevada, California, with connections to northeast Pacific sea surface temperatures.. Quaternary Research 66, 356363.
Quade, J., Forester, R.M., Pratt, W.L., Carter, C., (1998). Black mats, spring-fed streams, and late-glacial-age recharge in the southern Great Basin.. Quaternary Research 49, 129148.
Reimer, P.J., Baillie, M.G.L., Bard, E., Bayliss, A., Beck, J.W., Blackwell, P.G., Buck, C.E., Burr, G.S., Cutler, K.B., Damon, P.E., Edwards, R.L., Fairbanks, R.G., Friedrich, M., Guilderson, T.P., Herring, C., Hughen, K.A., Kromer, B., McCormac, F.G., Manning, S.W., Ramsey, C.B., Reimer, P.J., Reimer, R.W., Remmele, S., Southon, J.R., Stuiver, M., Talamo, S., Taylor, F.W., van der Plicht, J., Weyhenmeyer, C.E., (2004). IntCal04 Terrestrial radiocarbon age calibration, 0–26 cal kyr BP.. Radiocarbon 46, 10291058.
Rutter, N.W., Weaver, A.J., Rokosh, D., Fanning, A.F., Wright, D.G., (2000). Data–model comparison of the Younger Dryas event.. Canadian Journal of Earth Sciences 37, 811830.
Smith, S.J., Anderson, R.S., (1992). Late Wisconsin paleoecologic record from Swamp Lake, Yosemite National Park, California.. Quaternary Research 38, 91102.
Space, M.L., Ingraham, N.L., Hess, J.W., (1991). The use of stable isotopes in quantifying groundwater discharge to a partially diverted creek.. Journal of Hydrology 129, 175193.
Stuiver, M., Reimer, P.J., (1993). Extended 14C database and revised CALIB radiocarbon and calibration program.. Radiocarbon 35, 215230.
Stuiver, M., Reimer, P.J., Bard, E., Beck, J.W., Burr, G.S., Hughen, K.A., Kromer, B., McCormac, F.G., v.d., , Plicht, J., Spurk, M., (1998). INTCAL98 Radiocarbon age calibration 24,000–0 cal BP.. Radiocarbon 40, 10411083.
Stuvier, M., Reimer, P.J., Reimer, R., (2005). CALIB Radiocarbon Calibration 5.0.2.. http://radiocarbon.pa.qub.ac.uk.
Thompson, R.S., (1992). Late Quaternary environments in Ruby Valley, Nevada.. Quaternary Research 27, 115.
Vacco, D.A., Clark, P.U., Mix, A.C., Cheng, H., Edwards, R.L., (2005). A speleothem record of Younger Dryas cooling from the Klamath Mountains, Oregon.. Quaternary Research 64, 249256.
Walker, I.R., (2001). Midges: Chironomidae and related Diptera.. Smol, J.P., Birks, H.J.B., Last, W.M. Tracking environmental change in lake sediments. Volume 4. zoological indicators Kluwer Academic Publishers, Dordrecht., pp. 4366.
Wolfe, B.B., Edwards, T.W.D., Elgood, R.J., Beuning, K.R.M., (2001). Carbon and oxygen isotope analysis of lake sediment cellulose: methods and applications.. Last, W.M., Smol, J.P. Tracking environmental change using lake sediments. Volume 2. physical and chemical techniques Kluwer Academic Publishers, Dordrecht., pp. 373400.
Wolfe, B.B., Falcone, M.D., Clogg-Wright, K.P., Mongeon, C.L., Yi, Y., Brock, B.E., St. Amour, N.A., Mark, W.A., Edwards, T.W.D., (2007). Progress in isotope paleohydrology using lake sediment cellulose.. Journal of Paleolimnology 37, 221231.
Wright, H.E., (1991). Coring tips.. Journal of Paleolimnology 6, 3750.
Zhou, W., Head, M.J., An, Z., De Deckker, P., Liu, Z., Liu, X., Lu, X., Donahue, D., Jull, A.J.T., Beck, J.W., (2001). Terrestrial evidence for a spatial structure of tropical-polar interconnections during the Younger Dryas episode.. Earth and Planetary Science Letters 191, 231239.
Recommend this journal

Email your librarian or administrator to recommend adding this journal to your organisation's collection.

Quaternary Research
  • ISSN: 0033-5894
  • EISSN: 1096-0287
  • URL: /core/journals/quaternary-research
Please enter your name
Please enter a valid email address
Who would you like to send this to? *
×

Keywords

Metrics

Full text views

Total number of HTML views: 0
Total number of PDF views: 0 *
Loading metrics...

Abstract views

Total abstract views: 0 *
Loading metrics...

* Views captured on Cambridge Core between <date>. This data will be updated every 24 hours.

Usage data cannot currently be displayed