Bátori, Zoltán Vojtkó, András Farkas, Tünde Szabó, Anna Havadtői, Krisztina Vojtkó, Anna E. Tölgyesi, Csaba Cseh, Viktória Erdős, László Maák, István Elek and Keppel, Gunnar 2017. Large- and small-scale environmental factors drive distributions of cool-adapted plants in karstic microrefugia. Annals of Botany, Vol. 119, Issue. 2, p. 301.
Leipold, Martin Tausch, Simone Poschlod, Peter and Reisch, Christoph 2017. Species distribution modeling and molecular markers suggest longitudinal range shifts and cryptic northern refugia of the typical calcareous grassland species Hippocrepis comosa (horseshoe vetch). Ecology and Evolution,
Petráková, Lenka Tóthová, Andrea and Schlaghamerský, Jiří 2017. Phylogeography of the rare velvety tree ant Liometopum microcephalum (Formicidae: Dolichoderinae). Journal of Biogeography,
Tsuda, Yoshiaki Semerikov, Vladimir Sebastiani, Federico Vendramin, Giovanni Giuseppe and Lascoux, Martin 2017. Multispecies genetic structure and hybridization in the Betula genus across Eurasia. Molecular Ecology, Vol. 26, Issue. 2, p. 589.
Baskin, Jerry M. and Baskin, Carol C. 2016. Origins and Relationships of the Mixed Mesophytic Forest of Oregon–Idaho, China, and Kentucky: Review and Synthesis1. Annals of the Missouri Botanical Garden, Vol. 101, Issue. 3, p. 525.
Bernhardsson, C. Floran, V. Ganea, S.L. and García-Gil, M.R. 2016. Present genetic structure is congruent with the common origin of distant Scots pine populations in its Romanian distribution. Forest Ecology and Management, Vol. 361, p. 131.
Cameron, Robert A. D. Pokryszko, Beata M. Gheoca, Voichita and Horsák, Michal 2016. At the Central European-Balkan transition: forest land snail faunas of the Banat contrasted with those of the Carpathian chain. Biological Journal of the Linnean Society, Vol. 119, Issue. 3, p. 560.
Daneck, Hana Fér, Tomáš and Marhold Fls, Karol 2016. Glacial survival in northern refugia? Phylogeography of the temperate shrub Rosa pendulina L. (Rosaceae): AFLP vs. chloroplast DNA variation. Biological Journal of the Linnean Society, Vol. 119, Issue. 3, p. 704.
Ivanova, Stefanka Gurova, Maria Spassov, Nikolai Hristova, Latinka Tzankov, Nikolay Popov, Vasil Marinova, Elena Makedonska, Jana Smith, Victoria Ottoni, Claudio and Lewis, Mark 2016. Magura Cave, Bulgaria: A multidisciplinary study of Late Pleistocene human palaeoenvironment in the Balkans. Quaternary International, Vol. 415, p. 86.
Kajtoch, Łukasz Cieślak, Elżbieta Varga, Zoltán Paul, Wojciech Mazur, Miłosz A. Sramkó, Gábor and Kubisz, Daniel 2016. Phylogeographic patterns of steppe species in Eastern Central Europe: a review and the implications for conservation. Biodiversity and Conservation, Vol. 25, Issue. 12, p. 2309.
Kaplan, Jed O. Pfeiffer, Mirjam Kolen, Jan C. A. Davis, Basil A. S. and Baldwin, Robert F. 2016. Large Scale Anthropogenic Reduction of Forest Cover in Last Glacial Maximum Europe. PLOS ONE, Vol. 11, Issue. 11, p. e0166726.
Maier, Andreas Lehmkuhl, Frank Ludwig, Patrick Melles, Martin Schmidt, Isabell Shao, Yaping Zeeden, Christian and Zimmermann, Andreas 2016. Demographic estimates of hunter–gatherers during the Last Glacial Maximum in Europe against the background of palaeoenvironmental data. Quaternary International, Vol. 425, p. 49.
Mráz, Patrik and Ronikier, Michał 2016. Biogeography of the Carpathians: evolutionary and spatial facets of biodiversity. Biological Journal of the Linnean Society, Vol. 119, Issue. 3, p. 528.
Mráz, Patrik Barabas, Dušan Lengyelová, Lucia Turis, Peter Schmotzer, András Janišová, Monika and Ronikier, Michał 2016. Vascular plant endemism in the Western Carpathians: spatial patterns, environmental correlates and taxon traits. Biological Journal of the Linnean Society, Vol. 119, Issue. 3, p. 630.
Ntinou, Maria and Kyparissi-Apostolika, Nina 2016. Local vegetation dynamics and human habitation from the last interglacial to the early Holocene at Theopetra cave, central Greece: the evidence from wood charcoal analysis. Vegetation History and Archaeobotany, Vol. 25, Issue. 2, p. 191.
Robin, Vincent Nadeau, Marie-Josée Grootes, Pieter M. Bork, Hans-Rudolf and Nelle, Oliver 2016. Too early and too northerly: evidence of temperate trees in northern Central Europe during the Younger Dryas. New Phytologist, Vol. 212, Issue. 1, p. 259.
Robin, Vincent Nadeau, Marie-Josée Grootes, Pieter M. Bork, Hans-Rudolf and Nelle, Oliver 2016. Paleobotanical and climate data support the plausibility of temperate trees spread into central Europe during the Late Glacial. New Phytologist, Vol. 212, Issue. 1, p. 19.
Ruszkiczay-Rüdiger, Zsófia and Kern, Zoltán 2016. Permafrost or seasonal frost? A review of paleoclimate proxies of the last glacial cycle in the East Central European lowlands. Quaternary International, Vol. 415, p. 241.
Samartin, Stéphanie Heiri, Oliver Kaltenrieder, Petra Kühl, Norbert and Tinner, Willy 2016. Reconstruction of full glacial environments and summer temperatures from Lago della Costa, a refugial site in Northern Italy. Quaternary Science Reviews, Vol. 143, p. 107.
Škrdla, Petr Nejman, Ladislav Bartík, Jaroslav Rychtaříková, Tereza Nikolajev, Pavel Eigner, Jan Nývltová Fišáková, Miriam Novák, Jan and Polanská, Michaela 2016. Mohelno – A terminal Last Glacial Maximum industry with microlithic tools made on carenoidal blanks. Quaternary International, Vol. 406, p. 184.
The presence of trees in central and southern Europe during the last full-glaciation has long been a matter of debate. A low but persistent presence of fossil tree pollen in central and southern European full-glacial paleoecological sequences has been interpreted either as representing long-distance pollen transport from southerly refuges or as representing in situ refugial populations. Here we present macroscopic charcoal results from 31 sequences located throughout Hungary that provide unequivocal evidence for the presence of at least seven different tree types between approximately 32,500 and 16,500 14C yr B.P. This evidence is presented in conjunction with molluscan and pollen analyses to indicate that during the last full-glaciation, trees grew as far north as Hungary, probably in microenvironmentally favorable sites. These areas provided an important cold-stage refugium for the European flora and fauna.
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