Bohra, Archna Kotlia, Bahadur Singh and Basavaiah, Nathani 2017. Palaeoclimatic reconstruction by using the varvite sediments of Bharatpur, Upper Lahaul Valley, NW Himalaya, India. Quaternary International, Vol. 443, p. 39.
Dupont, L.M. and Kuhlmann, H. 2017. Glacial-interglacial vegetation change in the Zambezi catchment. Quaternary Science Reviews, Vol. 155, p. 127.
Ivory, Sarah J. and Russell, James 2017. Lowland forest collapse and early human impacts at the end of the African Humid Period at Lake Edward, equatorial East Africa. Quaternary Research, p. 1.
Zixi, Wang Bainian, Sun Peihong, Jin Peng, Deng Jingwei, Chen and Fankai, Sun 2017. A new species of Macaranga from the middle Miocene of Fujian, China and its significance. Historical Biology, Vol. 29, Issue. 6, p. 743.
McWethy, David B. Neumann, Frank H. Steinbruch, Franziska Ryan, Casey M. and Valsecchi, Verushka 2016. Late Quaternary vegetation development and disturbance dynamics from a peatland on Mount Gorongosa, central Mozambique. Quaternary Science Reviews, Vol. 137, p. 221.
Fersi, Wiem Lézine, Anne-Marie and Bassinot, Franck 2016. Hydro-climate changes over southwestern Arabia and the Horn of Africa during the last glacial–interglacial transition: A pollen record from the Gulf of Aden. Review of Palaeobotany and Palynology, Vol. 233, p. 176.
Carbutt, Clinton and Edwards, Trevor J. 2015. Reconciling ecological and phytogeographical spatial boundaries to clarify the limits of the montane and alpine regions of sub-Sahelian Africa. South African Journal of Botany, Vol. 98, p. 64.
Bohra, Archna and Kotlia, Bahadur Singh 2015. Tectono-climatic signatures during Late Quaternary in the Yunam basin, Baralacha Pass (upper Lahaul valley, India), derived from multi-proxy records. Quaternary International, Vol. 371, p. 111.
FINCH, JEMMA WOOLLER, MATTHEW and MARCHANT, ROB 2014. Tracing long-term tropical montane ecosystem change in the Eastern Arc Mountains of Tanzania. Journal of Quaternary Science, Vol. 29, Issue. 3, p. 269.
Schüler, Lisa Hemp, Andreas and Behling, Hermann 2014. Relationship between vegetation and modern pollen-rain along an elevational gradient on Kilimanjaro, Tanzania. The Holocene, Vol. 24, Issue. 6, p. 702.
Heckmann, Matthias Muiruri, Veronica Boom, Arnoud and Marchant, Rob 2014. Human–environment interactions in an agricultural landscape: A 1400-yr sediment and pollen record from North Pare, NE Tanzania. Palaeogeography, Palaeoclimatology, Palaeoecology, Vol. 406, p. 49.
Heckmann, Matthias 2014. Farmers, smelters and caravans: Two thousand years of land use and soil erosion in North Pare, NE Tanzania. CATENA, Vol. 113, p. 187.
Saltré, F. Bentaleb, I. Favier, C. and Jolly, D. 2013. The role of temperature on treeline migration for an eastern African mountain during the Last Glacial Maximum. Climatic Change, Vol. 118, Issue. 3-4, p. 901.
Graham, Shirley A. 2013. Fossil Records in the Lythraceae. The Botanical Review, Vol. 79, Issue. 1, p. 48.
Müller, Ulrich C. Fletcher, William J. Milner, Alice M. and Scheiter, Simon 2013. Interhemispheric anti-phasing of orbitally driven monsoon intensity: Implications for ice-volume forcing in the high latitudes. Earth and Planetary Science Letters, Vol. 377-378, p. 34.
Lézine, Anne-Marie Assi-Kaudjhis, Chimène Roche, Emile Vincens, Annie Achoundong, Gaston and Williams, Jack 2013. Towards an understanding of West African montane forest response to climate change. Journal of Biogeography, Vol. 40, Issue. 1, p. 183.
Schüler, Lisa Hemp, Andreas Zech, Wolfgang and Behling, Hermann 2012. Vegetation, climate and fire-dynamics in East Africa inferred from the Maundi crater pollen record from Mt Kilimanjaro during the last glacial–interglacial cycle. Quaternary Science Reviews, Vol. 39, p. 1.
Meseguer, Andrea S. and Sanmartín, Isabel 2012. Paleobiology of the genus <i>Hypericum</i> (Hypericaceae): a survey of the fossil record and its palaeogeographic implications. Anales del Jardín Botánico de Madrid, Vol. 69, Issue. 1, p. 97.
Nucete, M. van Konijnenburg-van Cittert, J.H.A. and van Welzen, P.C. 2012. Fossils and palaeontological distributions of Macaranga and Mallotus (Euphorbiaceae). Palaeogeography, Palaeoclimatology, Palaeoecology, Vol. 353-355, p. 104.
A continuous pollen record from a central African highland site (3°28′S, 29°34′E) with 15 radio-carbon dates spans at least the last 40,000 yr. Both modern and fossil pollen have been investigated. A clear pattern of changes in vegetation and climate is suggested. Prior to 30,000 yr B.P., the occurrence of the montane conifer forest, including the upper forest limit, indicates climatic conditions colder and drier than now, but more humid than in late-glacial time. Between 30,000 and 15,000 yr B.P., grassland with afroalpine indicators expanded down to 2500-2000 m altitude as a result of dry, and most probably cool, climate; the montane forest persisted in refuges, although much reduced. Forest vegetation with the same floristic composition as today appeared after 13,250 ± 200 yr B.P., suggesting more humid conditions. The occurrence of a possible short-term humid episode about 21,500 yr B.P. is correlated with some high lake-level stages in East Africa and with organic deposits in deep-sea cores from the Mediterranean and the Atlantic Ocean.
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