Skip to main content
    • Aa
    • Aa

Late Holocene Vegetational Change in Central Madagascar


A sediment core from Lake Kavitaha, central Madagascar, provides a stratigraphic record of changes in pollen spectra and charcoal influx in the late Holocene. The earliest pollen spectra distantly resemble the modern pollen rain of a vegetational mosaic in northern Madagascar, although results of principal component analysis suggest no close modern analog. At about 1300 yr B.P., a marked rise in charcoal is followed by a decline in pollen of woody taxa, culminating in a change to grass-dominated pollen spectra within about 4 centuries. Pollen of woody taxa decline below 15% of total terrestrial pollen and spores beginning about 600 yr B. P. The influx of charcoal from graminoid sources remains high until recent centuries. The late Holocene changes in vegetation and fire ecology at the site were approximately contemporaneous with the latest 14?C dates for the extinct megafauna and the earliest dates for human occupation.

Hide All
A. de Candolle Origin of Cultivated Plants 1885 Appleton New York

L. C. Cwynar Recent history of fire and vegetation from laminated sediment of Greenleaf Lake, Algonquin Park, Ontario. Canadian Journal of Botany 56 1978 10 21

J. J. Griffin E. D. Goldberg Elemental carbon fluxes in coastal marine sediments. Limnology and Oceanography 20 1975 456

J. J. Griffin E. D. Goldberg Morphologies and origin of elemental carbon in the environment. Science 206 1979 563 565

R. L. Kendall An ecological history of the Lake Victoria basin. Ecological Monographs 39 1969 121 176

R.D.E. MacPhee D. A. Burney N. A. Wells Early Holocene chronology and environment of Ampasambazimba, a Malagasy subfossil lemur site. International Journal of Primatology 6 1985 463 489

P. G. Palmer S. Gerbeth-Jones S. Hutchinson A scanning electron microscope survey of the epidermis of East African grasses, III. Smithsonian Contributions to Botany No. 55 1985

P. G. Palmer A. E. Tucker A scanning electron microscope survey of the epidermis of East African grasses. I. Smithsonian Contributions to Botany No. 49 1981

P. G. Palmer A. E. Tucker A scanning electron microscope survey of the epidermis of East African grasses, II. Smithsonian Contributions to Botany No. 53 1983

D. M. Smith J. J. Griffin E. D. Goldberg Elemental carbon in marine sediments: A baseline for burning. Nature (London) 241 1973 268 270

M. Stuiver G. W. Pearson High-precision calibration of the radiocarbon time sale, AD 1950-500 BC. Radiocarbon 28 1986 805 838

A. M. Swain Landscape patterns and forest history in the Boundary Waters Canoe Area, Minnesota: A pollen study from Hug Lake. Ecology 61 1980 747 754

C. G. Trapnell Ecological results of woodland burning experiments in Northern Rhodesia. Journal of Ecology 47 1959 129 168

P. Vérin C. Kottak P. Gorlin The glottochronology of Malagasy speech communities. Oceanic Linguistics 8 1970 26 83

J. C. Vogel A. Fuls E. Visser Radiocarbon fluctuations during the 3rd millennium B.C.. Radiocarbon 28 1986 935 938

Recommend this journal

Email your librarian or administrator to recommend adding this journal to your organisation's collection.

Quaternary Research
  • ISSN: 0033-5894
  • EISSN: 1096-0287
  • URL: /core/journals/quaternary-research
Please enter your name
Please enter a valid email address
Who would you like to send this to? *


Abstract views

Total abstract views: 57 *
Loading metrics...

* Views captured on Cambridge Core between 20th January 2017 - 17th October 2017. This data will be updated every 24 hours.