Skip to main content
    • Aa
    • Aa

Late Quaternary Paleoceanography of the Gulf of Aqaba (Elat), Red Sea 1

  • Z. Reiss (a1), B. Luz (a1), A. Almogi-Labin (a1), E. Halicz (a1), A. Winter (a1), M. Wolf (a1) and D. A. Ross (a2)...

The quantitative distribution of planktonic foraminifera, pteropods, and coccolithophorids, as well as oxygen-isotope variations were analyzed in four deep-sea cores from the Gulf of Aqaba (Elat) and the northernmost Red Sea. The core record covers about 150,000 yr. Detailed stratigraphic subdivision is facilitated by combining all calcareous plankton groups. Time-stratigraphic correlation and dating beyond the radiocarbon range are possible by comparison of the oxygen-isotope curves. During the glacial maximum salinity rose to more than 50‰, while winter temperature of the upper waters fell by at least 4°C compared to the present. The rise in salinity can be accounted for by sea-strait dynamics and lowering of sea level. The Gulf of Aqaba and the Red Sea were continuously connected through the Straits of Tiran, and there is no indication of desiccation during the glacial maximum.

Hide All

Woods Hole Oceanographic Institution Contribution No. 4502.

Linked references
Hide All

This list contains references from the content that can be linked to their source. For a full set of references and notes please see the PDF or HTML where available.

P. Aharon Y. Kolodny E. Sass Recent hot brine dolomitization in the “Solar Lake”, Gulf of Elat, isotopic, chemical, and mineralogical study. Journal of Geology 85 1977 27 48

G. Assaf D.A. Anati Stress distribution in the Red Sea and in the Gulf of Aqaba. Journal of Physical Oceanography 4 1974 663 668

A.W.H. W.H. Hutson Ecology of planktonic foraminifera and biogeographic patterns of life and fossil assemblages in the Indian Ocean. Micropaleontology 23 1977 369 414

Z. Ben-Avraham G. Almagor Z. Garfunkel Sediments and structure of the Gulf of Elat (Aqaba)—Northern Red Sea. Sedimentary Geology 23 1978 239 267

W.S. Broecker J. Van Donk Insolation changes, ice volumes, and the 18O record in deep-sea cores. Review of Geophysics and Space Physics 8 1970 169 198

E.T. Degens D.A. Ross Hot Brines and Recent Heavy Metal Deposits in the Red Sea 1969 Springer-Verlag Berlin

W.G. Deuser E.H. Ross L.S. Waterman Glacial and pluvial periods: Their relationship revealed by Pleistocene sediments of the Red Sea and Gulf of Aden. Science 191 1976 1168 1170

C. Emiliani Paleotemperature analysis of Carribean cores P-6304-8 and P-6304-9 and a generalized temperature curve for the past 425,000 years. Journal of Geology 74 1966 109 124

J. Klinker Z. Reiss C. Kropach I. Levanon H. Harpaz Y. Shapiro Nutrients and biomass distribution in the Gulf of 'Aqaba (Elat), Red Sea. Marine Biology 45 1978 53 64

G.J. Kukla Pleistocene land-sea correlations. 1. Europe. Earth-Science Review 13 1977 307 374

I. Levanon-Spanier E. Padan Z. Reiss Primary production in a desert-enclosed sea—The Gulf of Elat ('Aqaba), Red Sea. Deep-Sea Research 26 1979 673 685

R.M. Lloyd Oxygen isotope enrichment of sea water by evaporation. Geochimica et Cosmochimica Acta 30 1966 801 814

J.E. Murray The foraminiferida of the Persian Gulf. 4.Khor el Bazam. Paleogeography, Paleoclimatology, Paleoecology 2 1966 153 169

P. Rognon M.A.J. Williams Late Quaternary climatic changes in Australia and North Africa: A preliminary interpretation. Paleogeography, Paleoclimatology, Paleoecology 21 1977 285 327

N.J. Shackleton N.D. Opdyke Oxygen isotope and paleomagnetic stratigraphy of equatorial Pacific core V28–238; oxygen isotope temperatures and ice volumes on a 105 and 106 year scale. Quaternary Research 3 1973 39 55

R.C. Thunell Distribution of recent planktonic foraminifera in surface sediments of the Mediterranean Sea. Marine Micropaleontology 3 1978 147 174

A. Winter Z. Reiss B. Luz Living Gephyrocapsa protohuxleyi McIntyre in the Gulf of Elat ('Aqaba). Marine Micropaleontology 3 1978 295 298

A. Winter Z. Reiss B. Luz Distribution of living coccolithophorid assemblages in the Gulf of Elat ('Aqaba). Marine Micropaleontology 4 1979 197 223

Recommend this journal

Email your librarian or administrator to recommend adding this journal to your organisation's collection.

Quaternary Research
  • ISSN: 0033-5894
  • EISSN: 1096-0287
  • URL: /core/journals/quaternary-research
Please enter your name
Please enter a valid email address
Who would you like to send this to? *


Abstract views

Total abstract views: 23 *
Loading metrics...

* Views captured on Cambridge Core between 20th January 2017 - 21st August 2017. This data will be updated every 24 hours.