Skip to main content Accessibility help
×
Home

Late Quaternary vegetation, climate, and fire history of the Southeast Atlantic Coastal Plain based on a 30,000-yr multi-proxy record from White Pond, South Carolina, USA

  • Teresa R. Krause (a1), James M. Russell (a2), Rui Zhang (a2), John W. Williams (a3) and Stephen T. Jackson (a1) (a4)...

Abstract

The patterns and drivers of late Quaternary vegetation dynamics in the southeastern United States are poorly understood due to low site density, problematic chronologies, and a paucity of independent paleoclimate proxy records. We present a well-dated (15 accelerator mass spectrometry 14C dates) 30,000-yr record from White Pond, South Carolina that consists of high-resolution analyses of fossil pollen, macroscopic charcoal, and Sporormiella spores, and an independent paleotemperature reconstruction based on branched glycerol dialkyl tetraethers. Between 30,000 and 20,000 cal yr BP, open Pinus-Picea forest grew under cold and dry conditions; elevated Quercus before 26,000 cal yr BP, however, suggest warmer conditions in the Southeast before the last glacial maximum, possibly corresponding to regionally warmer conditions associated with Heinrich event H2. Warming between 19,700 and 10,400 cal yr BP was accompanied by a transition from conifer-dominated to mesic hardwood forest. Sporormiella spores were not detected and charcoal was low during the late glacial period, suggesting megaherbivore grazers and fire were not locally important agents of vegetation change. Pinus returned to dominance during the Holocene, with step-like increases in Pinus at 10,400 and 6400 cal yr BP, while charcoal abundance increased tenfold, likely due to increased biomass burning associated with warmer conditions. Low-intensity surface fires increased after 1200 cal yr BP, possibly related to the establishment of the Mississippian culture in the Southeast.

Copyright

Corresponding author

*Corresponding author at: Department of Biology, Augsburg University, 2211 Riverside Avenue, Minneapolis, Minnesota 55454, USA. E-mail address: krausete@augsburg.edu (T.R. Krause).

References

Hide All
Alder, J., Hostetler, S.W., 2014. Global climate simulations at 3000 year intervals for the last 21,000 years with the GENMOM coupled atmosphere-ocean model. Climate of the Past 10, 29252978.
Alley, R.B., Mayewski, P.A., Sowers, T., Stuiver, M., Taylor, K.C., Clark, P.U., 1997. Holocene climatic instability: a prominent, widespread event 8200 yr ago. Geology 25, 483486.
Bartlein, P.J., Anderson, K.H., Anderson, P.M., Edwards, M.E., Mock, C.M., Thompson, R.S., Webb, R.S., Webb III, T., Whitlock, C., 1998. Paleoclimate simulations for North America over the past 21,000 years: features of the simulated climate and comparisons with paleoenvironmental data. Quaternary Science Reviews 17, 549585.
Bell, A., 1983. Dung Fungi: An Illustrated Guide to Coprophilous Fungi in New Zealand. Victoria University Press, Wellington, New Zealand.
Bemmels, J.B, Dick, C.W., 2018. Genomic evidence of a widespread southern distribution during the Last Glacial Maximum for two eastern North American hickory species. Journal of Biogeography 45, 17391750.
Berger, A., Loutre, M., 1991. Insolation values for the climate of the last 10 million years. Quaternary Science Reviews 10, 297317.
Blaauw, M., Christen, J.A., 2011. Flexible paleoclimate age-depth models using an autoregressive gamma process. Bayesian Analysis 6, 457474.
Blaga, C.I., Reichart, G.-J., Schouten, S., Lotter, A.F., Werne, J.P., Kosten, S., Mazzeo, N., Lacerot, G., Sinninghe Damsté, J.S., 2010. Branched glycerol dialkyl glycerol tetraethers in lake sediments: can they be used as temperature and pH proxies? Organic Geochemistry 41, 12251234.
Blois, J.L., Williams, J.W., Fitzpatrick, M.C., Ferrier, S., Veloz, S., He, F., Liu, Z., Manion, G., Otto-Bliesner, B., 2013. Modeling the climatic drivers of spatial patterns in vegetation composition since the Last Glacial Maximum. Ecography 36, 460473.
Bond, G., Broecker, W., Johnsen, S., McManus, J., Labeyrie, L., Jouzel, J., Bonani, G., 1993. Correlations between climate records from North Atlantic sediments and Greenland ice. Nature 365, 143147.
Braun, E.L., 1950. Deciduous Forests of Eastern North America. MacMillan Publishing, New York.
Buckles, L.K., Weijers, J.W.H., Tran, X.-M. Waldron, S., Sinninghe Damsté, J.S., 2014. Provenance of tetraether membrane lipids in a large temperate lake (Loch Lomond, UK): implications for glycerol dialkyl glycerol tetraether (GDGT)-based palaeothermometry. Biogeosciences 11, 55395563.
Buizert, C., Gkinis, V., Severinghaus, J.P., He, F., Lecavalier, B.S., Kindler, P., Leuenberger, M., et al., 2014. Greenland temperature response to climate forcing during the last deglaciation. Science 345, 11771180.
Burney, D.A., Robinson, G.S., Burney, L.P., 2003. Sporormiella and the late Holocene extinctions in Madagascar. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America 100, 1080010805.
Christensen, N.L., 1981. Fire regimes in southeastern ecosystems. In: Mooney, H.A., Bonnicksen, T.M., Christensen, N.L., Lotan, J.E., Reinsers, W.A. (Eds.), Fire Regimes and Ecosystem Properties. USDA Forest Service General Technical Report WO-26. USDA Forest Service, Washington, DC, pp. 112136.
Christensen, N.L., 1988. Vegetation of Southeastern Coastal Plain. In: Barbour, M.G., Billings, W.D. (Eds.), North American Terrestrial Vegetation. Cambridge University Press, Cambridge, pp. 317363.
Cugny, C., Mazier, F., Galop, D., 2010. Modern and fossil non-pollen palynomorphs from the Basque mountains (western Pyrenees, France): the use of coprophilous fungi to reconstruct pastoral activity. Vegetation History and Archaeobotany 19, 391408.
Dansgaard, W., Johnsen, S.J., Clausen, H.B., Dahl-Jensen, D., Gundestrup, N., Hammer, C.U., Oeschger, H., 1984. North Atlantic climatic oscillations revealed by deep Greenland ice cores. In: Hansen, J., Takahashi, T. (Eds.), Climate Processes and Climate Sensitivity. American Geophysical Union, Washington, DC, pp. 288298.
Davis, O.K., 1987. Spores of the dung fungus Sporormiella: increased abundance in historic sediments and before Pleistocene megafaunal extinction. Quaternary Research 28, 290294.
de Jonge, C., Hopmans, E.C., Zell, C.I., Kim, J.-H., Schouten, S., Sinninghe Damsté, J.S., 2014. Occurrence and abundance of 6-methyl branched glycerol dialkyl glycerol tetraethers in soils: implications for paleoclimate reconstruction. Geochimica et Cosmochimica Acta 141, 97112.
Delcourt, H.R., 1979. Late Quaternary vegetation history of the Eastern Highland Rim and adjacent Cumberland Plateau of Tennessee. Ecological Monographs 49, 255280.
Delcourt, H.R., Delcourt, P.A., 1994. Postglacial rise and decline of Ostrya virginiana (Mill.) K. Koch and Carpinus caroliniana Walt. in eastern North America: predictable responses of forest species to cyclic changes in seasonality of climates. Journal of Biogeography 21, 137150.
Dyke, A.S., Moore, A., Robertson, L., 2003. Deglaciation of North America. Geological Survey of Canada, Ottawa, Ontario, Open File 1574. http://dx.doi.org/10.4095/214399.
Fawcett, P.J., Werne, J.P., Anderson, R.S., Heikoop, J.M., Brown, E.T., Berke, M.A., Smith, S.J., et al., 2011. Extended megadroughts in the southwestern United States during Pleistocene interglacials. Nature 470, 518521.
Fowler, C., Konopik, E., 2007. The history of fire in the southern United States. Human Ecology Review 14, 165176.
Frost, C., 2006. History and future of the longleaf pine ecosystem. In: Jose, S., Jokela, E.J., Miller, D.L. (Eds.), The Longleaf Pine Ecosystem: Ecology, Silviculture, and Restoration. Springer New York, New York, pp. 948.
Fullerton, D.S., 1980. Preliminary correlation of post-Erie interstadial events: (16,000–10,000 radiocarbon years before present), central and eastern Great Lakes region, and Hudson, Champlain, and St. Lawrence Lowlands, United States and Canada, US Geological Survey Professional Paper 1089. US Geological Survey, Washington DC.
Gavin, D.G., Oswald, W.W., Wahl, E.R., Williams, J.W., 2003. A statistical approach to evaluating distance metrics and analog assignments for pollen records. Quaternary Research 60, 356367.
Gellici, J., Harwell, S.L., Badr, A.W., Kiuchi, M., 2004. Hydrologic effects of the June 1998–August 2002 drought in South Carolina. State of South Carolina Department of Natural Resources Report. South Carolina Department of Natural Resources, Columbia, SC.
Gill, J.L., 2014. The ecological legacy of the late-Quaternary extinctions of megaherbivores. New Phytologist 201, 11631169.
Gill, J.L., McLauchlan, K.K., Skibbe, A.M., Goring, S.J., Zirbel, C., Williams, J.W., 2013. Linking abundances of the dung fungus Sporormiella to the density of bison: implications for assessing grazing by megaherbivores in paleorecords. Journal of Ecology 101, 11251136.
Gill, J.L., Williams, J.W., Jackson, S.T., Donnelly, J.P., Schellinger, G.C., 2012. Climatic and megaherbivory controls on late-glacial vegetation dynamics: a new, high-resolution, multi-proxy record from Silver Lake, Ohio. Quaternary Science Reviews 34, 6680.
Gill, J.L., Williams, J.W., Jackson, S.T., Lininger, K.B., Robinson, G.S., 2009. Pleistocene megafaunal collapse, novel plant communities, and enhanced fire regimes in North America. Science 326, 11001103.
Gonzales, L.M., Grimm, E.C., 2009. Synchronization of late-glacial vegetation changes at Crystal Lake, Illinois, USA with the North Atlantic Event Stratigraphy. Quaternary Research 72, 234245.
Goring, S., Williams, J.W., Blois, J.L., Jackson, S.T., Paciorek, C.J., Booth, R.K., Marlon, J.R., Blaauw, M., Christen, J.A., 2012. Deposition times in the northeastern United States during the Holocene: establishing valid priors for Bayesian age models. Quaternary Science Reviews 48, 5460.
Greller, A.M., 1988. Deciduous Forest. In: Barbour, M.G., Billings, W.D. (Eds.), North American Terrestrial Vegetation. Cambridge University Press, Cambridge, pp. 287316.
Grimm, E.C., 1987. CONISS: a Fortran 77 program for stratigraphically constrained cluster analysis by the method of incremental sum of squares. Computers and Geosciences 13, 1335.
Grimm, E.C., Maher, L.J. Jr., Nelson, D.M., 2009. The magnitude of error in conventional bulk-sediment radiocarbon dates from central North America. Quaternary Research 72, 301308.
Grimm, E.C., Watts, W.A., Jacobson, G.L. Jr., Hansen, B.C.S., Almquist, H.R., Dieffenbacher-Krall, A.C., 2006. Evidence for Heinrich events in Florida. Quaternary Science Reviews 25, 21972211.
Halligan, J.J., Waters, M.R., Perrotti, A., Owens, I.J., Feinberg, J.M., Bourne, M.D., Fenerty, B., et al., 2016. Pre-Clovis occupation 14,550 years ago at the Page-Ladson site, Florida, and the peopling of the Americas. Science Advances 2, e1600375. http://dx.doi.org/10.1126/sciadv.1600375.
Hardt, B., Rowe, H.D., Springer, G.S., Cheng, H., Edwards, R.L., 2010. The seasonality of east central North American precipitation based on three coeval Holocene speleothems from southern West Virginia. Earth and Planetary Science Letters 295, 342348.
Heinrich, H., 1988. Origin and consequences of cyclic ice rafting in the Northeast Atlantic Ocean during the past 130,000 years. Quaternary Research 29, 142152.
Hemmings, E.T., 1975. The Silver Springs site, prehistory in the Silver Springs Valley, Florida. Florida Anthropologist 28, 141158.
Higuera, P.E., Brubaker, L.B., Anderson, P.M., Hu, F.S., Brown, T., 2009. Vegetation mediated the impacts of postglacial climate change on fire regimes in the south-central Brooks Range, Alaska. Ecological Monographs 79, 201219.
Higuera, P.E., Gavin, D.G., Bartlein, P.J., Hallett, D.J., 2010. Peak detection in sediment–charcoal records: impacts of alternative data analysis methods on fire-history interpretations. International Journal of Wildland Fire 19, 9961014.
Hoffman, C.A., 1983. A mammoth kill site in the Silver Springs Run. Florida Anthropologist 36, 8387.
Hopmans, E.C., Weijers, J.W.H., Schefuß, E., Herfort, L., Sinninghe Damsté, J.S., Schouten, S., 2004. A novel proxy for terrestrial organic matter in sediments based on branched and isoprenoid tetraether lipids. Earth and Planetary Science Letters 224, 107116.
Hudson, C., 1976. The Southeastern Indians. The University of Tennessee Press. 573 p.
Hussey, T.C., 1993. A 20,000-year history of vegetation and climate at Clear Pond, northeastern South Carolina. Master’s thesis, University of Maine, Orono.
Jackson, S.T., 1999. Techniques for analysing unconsolidated lake sediments. In: Jones, T., Rowe, N. (Eds.), Fossil Plants and Spores: Modern Techniques. Geological Society of London, Bath, pp. 274278.
Jackson, S.T., Blois, J.L., 2015. Community ecology in a changing environment: Perspectives from the Quaternary. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America 112, 49154921.
Jackson, S.T., Williams, J.W., 2004. Modern analogs in Quaternary paleoecology: Here today, gone yesterday, gone tomorrow? Annual Review of Earth and Planetary Sciences 32, 495537.
Jensen, K., Lynch, E.A., Calcote, R., Hotchkiss, S.C., 2007. Interpretation of charcoal morphotypes in sediments form Ferry Lake, Wisconsin, USA: do different plant fuel sources produce distinctive charcoal morphotypes? The Holocene 17, 907915.
Jones, R.A., Williams, J.W., Jackson, S.T., 2017. Vegetation history since the last glacial maximum in the Ozark highlands (USA): a new record from Cupola Pond, Missouri. Quaternary Science Reviews 170, 174187.
Kapp, R., King, J., Davis, O.K., 2000. Ronald O. Kapp’s Pollen and Spores. American Association of Stratigraphic Palynologists Foundation Publication, Nottingham, UK.
Karrow, P.F., Dreimanis, A., Barnett, P.J., 2000. A proposed diachronic revision of late Quaternary time-stratigraphic classification in the eastern and northern Great Lakes Area. Quaternary Research 54, 112.
Koch, P.L., Barnosky, A.D., 2006. Late Quaternary extinctions: state of the debate. Annual Review of Ecology, Evolution, and Systematics 37, 215250.
Kunkel, K., Stevens, L., Stevens, S., Sun, L., Janssen, E., Wuebbles, D., Konrad, C. II, et al., 2013. Regional Climate Trends and Scenarios for the US Climate Assessment: Part 2. Climate of the Southeast US. NOAA Technical Report 142-2. National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration, Washington, DC.
Liu, Y., Andersen, J.J., Williams, J.W., Jackson, S.T., 2013. Vegetation history in central Kentucky and Tennessee (USA) during the last glacial and deglacial periods. Quaternary Research 79, 189198.
Liu, Z., Otto-Bliesner, B.L., He, F., Brady, E.C., Tomas, R., Clark, P.U., Carlson, A.E., et al., 2009. Transient simulation of last deglaciation with a new mechanism for Bølling-Allerød warming. Science 325, 310314.
Loomis, S.E., Russell, J.M., Eggermont, H., Verschuren, D., Sinninghe Damsté, J.S., 2014a. Effects of temperature, pH and nutrient concentration on branched GDGT distributions in East African lakes: implications for paleoenvironmental reconstruction. Organic Geochemistry 66, 2537.
Loomis, S.E., Russell, J.M., Heureux, A.M., D’Andrea, W.J., Sinninghe Damsté, J.S., 2014b. Seasonal variability of branched glycerol dialkyl glycerol tetraethers (brGDGTs) in a temperate lake system. Geochimica et Cosmochimica Acta 144, 173187.
Loomis, S.E., Russell, J.M., Ladd, B., Eggermont, H.R., Street-Perrott, F.A., Sinninghe Damsté, J.S., 2011. Distribution of branched GDGTs in soils and lake sediments from Western Uganda: implications for a lacustrine paleothermometer. Organic Geochemistry 42, 739751.
Loomis, S.E., Russell, J.M., Ladd, B., Street-Perrott, F.A., Sinninghe Damsté, J.S., 2012. Calibration and application of the branched GDGT temperature proxy on East African lake sediments. Earth and Planetary Science Letters 357–358, 277288.
Loomis, S.E., Russell, J.M., Lamb, H.F., 2015. Northeast African temperature variability since the Late Pleistocene. Palaeogeography, Palaeoclimatology, Palaeoecology 423, 8090.
Loomis, S.E., Russell, J.M., Verschuren, D., Morrill, C., De Cort, G., Sinninghe Damsté, J.S., Olago, D., Eggermont, H., Street-Perrott, F.A., Kelly, M.A., 2017. The tropical lapse rate steepened during the Last Glacial Maximum. Science Advances 3, e1600815. http://dx.doi.org/10.1126/sciadv.1600815.
Lumibao, C.Y., Hoban, S.M., McLachlan, J., 2017. Ice ages leave genetic diversity ‘hotspots’ in Europe but not in Eastern North America. Ecology Letters 20, 14591468.
Marlon, J.R., Bartlein, P.J., Walsh, M.K., Harrison, S.P., Brown, K.J., Edwards, M.E., Higuera, P.E., et al., 2009. Wildfire responses to abrupt climate change in North America. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America 106, 25192524.
McAndrews, J., Berti, A., Norris, G., 1973. Key to Quaternary Pollen and Spores of the Great Lakes Region. Royal Ontario Museum Life Sciences Publishing, Toronto.
Mohr, C., 1897. Timber Pines of the Southern United States. United States Department of Agriculture, Washington, DC.
Mustaphi, C.J.C., Pisaric, M.F.J., 2014. A classification for macroscopic charcoal morphologies found in Holocene lacustrine sediments. Progress in Physical Geography 38, 734754.
Niemann, H., Stadnitskaia, A., Wirth, S.B., Gilli, A., Anselmetti, F.S., Sinninghe Damsté, J.S., Schouten, S., Hopmans, E.C., Lehmann, M.F., 2012. Bacterial GDGTs in Holocene sediments and catchment soils of a high alpine lake: application of the MBT/CBT-paleothermometer. Climate of the Past 8, 889906.
Ordonez, A., Williams, J.W., 2013. Climatic and biotic velocities for woody taxa distributions over the last 16,000 years in eastern North America. Ecology Letters 16, 773781.
Overpeck, J.T., Webb, T., Prentice, I.C., 1985. Quantitative interpretation of fossil pollen spectra: dissimilarity coefficients and the method of modern analogs. Quaternary Research 23, 87108.
Pearson, E.J., Juggins, S., Talbot, H.M., Weckström, J., Rosén, P., Ryves, D.B., Roberts, S.J., Schmidt, R., 2011. A lacustrine GDGT-temperature calibration from the Scandinavian Arctic to Antarctic: renewed potential for the application of GDGT-paleothermometry in lakes. Geochimica et Cosmochimica Acta 75, 62256238.
Perrotti, A.G., 2018. Pollen and Sporormiella evidence for terminal Pleistocene vegetation change and megafaunal extinction at Page-Ladson, Florida. Quaternary International 446, 256268.
Peterse, F., Kim, J.-H., Schouten, S., Kristensen, D.K., Koç, N., Sinninghe Damsté, J.S., 2009. Constraints on the application of the MBT/CBT palaeothermometer at high latitude environments (Svalbard, Norway). Organic Geochemistry 40, 692699.
Peterse, F., van der Meer, J., Schouten, S., Weijers, J., Fierer, N., Jackson, R.B., Kim, J.-H., Sinninghe Damsté, J.S., 2012. Revised calibration of the MBT–CBT paleotemperature proxy based on branched tetraether membrane lipids in surface soils. Geochimica et Cosmochimica Acta 96, 215229.
Platt, W.J., Evans, G.W., Rathbun, S.L., 1988. The population dynamics of a long-lived conifer (Pinus palustris). The American Naturalist 131, 491525.
Pollock, A.L., Beynen, P.E. van, DeLong, K.L., Polyak, V., Asmerom, Y., 2016. A speleothem-based mid-Holocene precipitation reconstruction for West-Central Florida. The Holocene 27, 987996.
PRISM Climate Group, , 2016. PRISM Climate Data (accessed January 7, 2016). http://prism.oregonstate.edu.
Pyne, S.J., 1982. Fire in America: A Cultural History of Wildland and Rural Fire. Princeton University Press, Princeton.
Raczka, M.F., Bush, M.B., Folcik, A.M., McMichael, C.H., 2016. Sporormiella as a tool for detecting the presence of large herbivores in the Neotropics. Biota Neotropica 16, e20150090. http://dx.doi.org/10.1590/1676-0611-BN-2015-0090.
Rasmussen, S.O., Andersen, K.K., Svensson, A.M., Steffensen, J.P., Vinther, B.M., Clausen, H.B., Siggaard-Andersen, M.-L., et al., 2006. A new Greenland ice core chronology for the last glacial termination. Journal of Geophysical Research: Atmospheres 111, D06102. http://dx.doi.org/10.1029/2005JD006079.
Reimer, P.J., Bard, E., Bayliss, A., Warren, B.J., Blackwell, P.G., Bronk Ramsey, C., Buck, C.E., et al., 2013. IntCal13 and Marine13 Radiocarbon Age Calibration Curves 0–50,000 Years cal BP. Radiocarbon 55, 18691887.
Robinson, G.S., Pigott Burney, L., Burney, D.A., 2005. Landscape paleoecology and megafaunal extinction in southeastern New York State. Ecological Monographs 75, 295315.
Roth, J.A., Laerm, J., 1980. A Late Pleistocene assemblaged from Edisto Island, South Carolina. Brimleyana 3, 119.
Royall, P.D., Delcourt, P.A., Delcourt, H.A., 1991. Late Quaternary paleoecology and paleoenvironments of the Central Mississippi Alluvial Valley. Geological Society of America Bulletin 103, 157170.
Russell, J.M., Hopmans, E.C., Loomis, S.E., Liang, J., Sinninghe Damsté, J.S., 2018. Distributions of 5- and 6-methyl branched glycerol dialkyl glycerol tetraethers (brGDGTs) in East African lake sediment: effects of temperature, pH, and new lacustrine paleotemperature calibrations. Organic Geochemistry 117, 5659.
Sargent, C.S., 1884. Report on the Forests of North America (Exclusive of Mexico). United States Department of the Interior, Census Office, Washington, DC.
Schouten, S., Hopmans, E.C., Sinninghe Damsté, J.S., 2013. The organic geochemistry of glycerol dialkyl glycerol tetraether lipids: a review. Organic Geochemistry 54, 1961.
Shakun, J.D., Carlson, A.E., 2010. A global perspective on Last Glacial Maximum to Holocene climate change. Quaternary Science Reviews 29, 18011816.
Shakun, J.D., Clark, P.U., He, F., Marcott, S.A., Mix, A.C., Liu, Z., Otto-Bliesner, B., Schmittner, A., Bard, E., 2012. Global warming preceded by increasing carbon dioxide concentrations during the last deglaciation. Nature 484, 4954.
Shuman, B., Donnelly, J.P., 2006. The influence of seasonal precipitation and temperature regimes on lake levels in the northeastern United States during the Holocene. Quaternary Research 65, 4456.
Simpson, G., 2007. Analogue methods in palaeoecology: using the analogue package. Journal of Statistical Software 22, 129.
Sinninghe Damsté, J.S., 2016. Spatial heterogeneity of sources of branched tetraethers in shelf systems: the geochemistry of tetraethers in the Berau River delta (Kalimantan, Indonesia). Geochimica et Cosmochimica Acta 186, 1331.
Sinninghe Damsté, J.S., Rijpstra, W.I.C., Hopmans, E.C., Weijers, J.W.H., Foesel, B.U., Overmann, J., Dedysh, S.N., 2011. 13,16-Dimethyl Octacosanedioic Acid (iso-Diabolic Acid), a Common Membrane-Spanning Lipid of Acidobacteria Subdivisions 1 and 3. Applied and Environmental Microbiology 77, 41474154.
Snyder, J.R., 1980. Analysis of coastal plain vegetation, Croatan National Forest, North Carolina. Veroffentlichongen des geobotanischen Institutes der eidgenoessiche technische Hochshule Stiftung Rubel in Zurich 69, 40113.
Soil Survey Staff, Natural Resources Conservation Service, United States Department of Agriculture. Official Soil Series Descriptions (accessed July 05, 2018). https://www.nrcs.usda.gov/wps/portal/nrcs/detail/soils/survey/geo/?cid=nrcs142p2_053587.
Soltis, D.E., Morris, A.B., McLachlan, J.S., Manos, P.S., Soltis, P.S., 2006. Comparative phylogeography of unglaciated eastern North America. Molecular Ecology 15, 42614293.
Spencer, J., Jones, K.B., Gamble, D.W., Benedetti, M.M., Taylor, A.K., Lane, C.S., 2017. Late-Quaternary records of vegetation and fire in southeastern North Carolina from Jones Lake and Singletary Lake. Quaternary Science Reviews 174, 3353.
Stambaugh, M.C., Varner, J.M., Jackson, S.T., 2017. The biogeography of longleaf pine: an interweave of climate, fire, and humans. In: Kirkman, L.K., Jack, S. (Eds.), Ecological Restoration of Longleaf Pine. CRC Press, Boca Raton, pp. 1738.
Stuiver, M., Reimer, P.J., Reimer, R.W., 2017. CALIB 7.1 (accessed January 09, 2017). http://calib.org.
Sun, Q., Chu, G., Liu, M., Xie, M., Li, S., Ling, Y., Wang, X., Shi, L., Jia, G., , H., 2011. Distributions and temperature dependence of branched glycerol dialkyl glycerol tetraethers in recent lacustrine sediments from China and Nepal. Journal of Geophysical Research: Biogeosciences 116, G01008. http://dx.doi.org/10.1029/2010JG001365.
Svensson, A., Andersen, K.K., Bigler, M., Clausen, H.B., Dahl-Jensen, D., Davies, S.M., Johnsen, S.J., Muscheler, R., Parrenin, F., Rasmussen, S.O., Röthlisberger, R., Seierstad, I., Steffensen, J.P., Vinther, B.M., 2008. A 60 000 year Greenland stratigraphic ice core chronology. Climate of the Past 4, 4757.
Swezey, C.S., Fitzwater, B.A., Whittecar, G.R., Mahan, S.A., Garrity, C.P., Alemán González, W.B., Dobbs, K.M., 2016. The Carolina Sandhills: Quaternary eolian sand sheets and dunes along the updip margin of the Atlantic Coastal Plain province, southeastern United States. Quaternary Research 86, 271286.
Swezey, C.S., Schultz, A.P., González, W.A., Bernhardt, C.E., Doar, W.R., Garrity, C.P., Mahan, S.A., McGeehin, J.P., 2013. Quaternary eolian dunes in the Savannah River valley, Jasper County, South Carolina, USA. Quaternary Research 80, 250264.
Thomas, E.R., Wolff, E.C., Mulvaney, R., Steffensen, J.P., Johnsen, S.J., Arrowsmith, C., White, J.W.C., Vaughn, B., Popp, T., 2007. The 8.2 ka event from Greenland ice cores. Quaternary Science Reviews 26, 7081.
Tierney, J.E., Russell, J.M., 2009. Distributions of branched GDGTs in a tropical lake system: implications for lacustrine application of the MBT/CBT paleoproxy. Organic Geochemistry 40, 10321036.
Tierney, J.E., Russell, J.M., Eggermont, H.R., Hopmans, E.C., Verschuren, D., Sinninghe Damsté, J.S., 2010. Environmental controls on branched tetraether lipid distributions in tropical East African lake sediments. Geochimica et Cosmochimica Acta 74, 4902–4218.
van Geel, B., Buurman, J., Brinkkemper, O., Schelvis, J., Aptroot, A., van Reenen, G., Hakbijl, T., 2003. Environmental reconstruction of a Roman Period settlement site in Uitgeest (The Netherlands), with special reference to coprophilous fungi. Journal of Archaeological Science 30, 873883.
Voorhies, M.R., 1974. Pleistocene vertebrates with boreal affinities in the Georgia Piedmont. Quaternary Research 4, 8593.
Wahl, E.R., 2004. A general framework for determining cutoff values to select pollen analogs with dissimilarity metrics in the modern analog technique. Review of Palaeobotany and Palynology 128, 263280.
Wahlenberg, W., 1946. Longleaf Pine. Charles Lathrop Pack Forest Foundation, Washington, DC.
Watson, B., Williams, J.W., Russell, J.M., Jackson, S.T., Shane, L., Lowell, T., 2018. Temperature variations in the southern Great Lakes during the last deglaciation: comparison between pollen and GDGT proxies. Quaternary Science Reviews 182, 7892.
Watts, W.A., 1970. The full-glacial vegetation of northwestern Georgia. Ecology 51, 1733.
Watts, W.A., 1973. The vegetation record of a mid-Wisconsin interstadial in northwest Georgia. Quaternary Research 3, 257268.
Watts, W.A., 1980a. The Late Quaternary vegetation history of the southeastern United States. Annual Review of Ecology and Systematics 11, 387409.
Watts, W.A., 1980b. Late-Quaternary vegetation history at White Pond on the Inner Coastal Plain of South Carolina. Quaternary Research 13, 187199.
Webb, S.D., 1974. Chronology of Florida Pleistocene mammals. In: Pleistocene Mammals of Florida. University of Florida Press, Gainesville, pp. 531.
Weber, Y., de Jonge, C., Rijpstra, W.I.C., Hopmans, E.C., Stadnitskaia, A., Schubert, C.J., Lehmann, M.F., Sinninghe Damsté, J.S., Niemann, H., 2015. Identification and carbon isotope composition of a novel branched GDGT isomer in lake sediments: evidence for lacustrine branched GDGT production. Geochimica et Cosmochimica Acta 154, 118129.
Weijers, J., Schefuß, E., Schouten, S., Damsté, J.S.S., 2007a. Coupled thermal and hydrological evolution of tropical Africa over the last deglaciation. Science 315, 17011704.
Weijers, J., Schouten, S., Donker, J. van den, Hopmans, E., Sinninghe Damsté, J.S., 2007b. Environmental controls on bacterial tetraether membrane lipid distribution in soils. Geochimica et Cosmochimica Acta 17, 703713.
Weijers, J., Schouten, S., Hopmans, E.C., Geenevasen, J.A.J., David, O.R.P., Coleman, J.M., Pancost, R.D., Sinninghe Damsté, J.S., 2006. Membrane lipids of mesophilic anaerobic bacteria thriving in peats have typical archaeal traits. Environmental Microbiology 8, 648657.
Whitehead, D.R., 1964. Fossil pine pollen and full-glacial vegetation in southeastern North Carolina. Ecology 45, 767776.
Whitehead, D.R., 1965. Palynology and Pleistocene phytogeography of unglaciated eastern North America. In: Wright, H.E., Jr., Frey, D.G. (Eds.), The Quaternary of the United States. Princeton University Press, Princeton, pp. 417–432.
Whitehead, D.R., 1981. Late-Pleistocene vegetational changes in northeastern North Carolina. Ecological Monographs 51, 451471.
Whitlock, C., Larsen, C.P.S., 2001. Charcoal as a fire proxy. In: Smol, J.P., Birks, H.J.B., Last, W.M. (Eds.), Tracking Environmental Change Using Lake Sediments: Volume 3 Terrestrial, Algal, and Siliceous Indicators. Springer, Dordrecht pp. 7597.
Whitmore, J., Gajewski, K., Sawada, M., Williams, J.W., Shuman, B., Bartlein, P.J., Minckley, T., et al., 2005. Modern pollen data from North America and Greenland for multi-scale paleoenvironmental applications. Quaternary Science Reviews 24, 18281848.
Williams, J.W., Jackson, S.T., 2007. Novel climates, no-analog communities, and ecological surprises. Frontiers in Ecology and the Environment 5, 475482.
Williams, J.W., Shuman, B.N., Webb, T. III, 2001. Dissimilarity analyses of late-Quaternary vegetation and climate in eastern North America. Ecology 82, 33463362.
Williams, J.W., Shuman, B.N., Webb, T. III, Bartlein, P.J., Leduc, P., 2004. Late Quaternary vegetation dynamics in North America: scaling from taxa to biomes. Ecological Monographs 74, 309334.
Willman, H., Frye, J., 1970. Pleistocene stratigraphy of Illinois. Illinois State Geological Survey Bulletin 94. State of Illinois Department of Registration and Education, Urbana, Illinois.
Woltering, M., Atahan, P., Grice, K., Heijnis, H., Taffs, K., Dodson, J., 2014. Glacial and Holocene terrestrial temperature variability in subtropical east Australia as inferred from branched GDGT distributions in a sediment core from Lake McKenzie. Quaternary Research 82, 132145.
Wright, H.E. Jr., Mann, D.H., Glaser, P.H., 1983. Piston corers for peat and lake sediments. Ecology 65, 657659.
Zink, K.-G., Vandergoes, M.J., Mangelsdorf, K., Dieffenbacher-Krall, A.C., Schwark, L., 2010. Application of bacterial glycerol dialkyl glycerol tetraethers (GDGTs) to develop modern and past temperature estimates from New Zealand lakes. Organic Geochemistry 41, 10601066.

Keywords

Type Description Title
PDF
Supplementary materials

Krause et al. supplementary material
Figure S1

 PDF (200 KB)
200 KB
PDF
Supplementary materials

Krause et al. supplementary material
Figure S2

 PDF (293 KB)
293 KB

Late Quaternary vegetation, climate, and fire history of the Southeast Atlantic Coastal Plain based on a 30,000-yr multi-proxy record from White Pond, South Carolina, USA

  • Teresa R. Krause (a1), James M. Russell (a2), Rui Zhang (a2), John W. Williams (a3) and Stephen T. Jackson (a1) (a4)...

Metrics

Altmetric attention score

Full text views

Total number of HTML views: 0
Total number of PDF views: 0 *
Loading metrics...

Abstract views

Total abstract views: 0 *
Loading metrics...

* Views captured on Cambridge Core between <date>. This data will be updated every 24 hours.

Usage data cannot currently be displayed