Skip to main content Accessibility help
×
×
Home

Middle Pleistocene seismically induced clay diapirism in an intraplate zone, western Brittany, France

  • Brigitte van Vliet-Lanoë (a1), Christine Authemayou (a1), Stéphane Molliex (a1), Michael Hugh Field (a2), Manfred Frechen (a3), Pascal Le Roy (a2), Julie Perrot (a2), Valérie Andrieu-Ponel (a4), Gwendoline Grégoire (a2) and Bernard Hallégouët (a5)...

Abstract

The Brittany region of France is located in a low seismicity intraplate zone. Most of the instrumented earthquakes are limited to a shallow crustal depth without surface rupture. A paleoseismological analysis was performed on deposits on the Crozon Peninsula and in the Elorn estuary. We highlight hydroplastic deformations induced by liquefaction leading to clay diapirism, which were likely triggered by past earthquakes. This diapirism seems to be frequent in continental nonconsolidated sediments and to develop on the inherited tectonic structures, when a shallow water table and confining layers exist. Timing of deformation is dated using paleoenvironmental data, and electron spin resonance and infrared-stimulated luminescence dating methods. Two seismic periods were identified in western Europe during early Marine Oxygen Isotope Stage (MIS) 10 (~380 ka) and early MIS 8 (~280–265 ka). The lack of similar deformations affecting the Holocene tidal deposits in the Bay of Brest suggests that the magnitude of the triggering paleoearthquakes is probably higher (Mw ~6) than the recent events (Mw 5.4). These unusual intraplate major paleoearthquakes need specific factors affecting the far-field crustal stress loading to be triggered, such as a brief acceleration of the Africa-Eurasia lithospheric plate convergence, glacio-isostatic stress perturbations associated with the onset of major glaciations in northern Europe, or other processes induced by orbital forcing.

Copyright

Corresponding author

*Corresponding author at: UMR 6538 Géosciences Ocean, UBO- CNRS, IUEM, pl. N. Copernic, 29280 Brest, France. E-mail address: brigitte.vanvlietlanoe@univ-brest.fr (B. van Vliet-Lanoë).

References

Hide All
Andreieff, P., Bouysse, P., Horn, R., Monciardini, C., 1972. Contribution à l’étude géologiques des approches de la Manche. Mémoires du Bureau de recherches géologiques et minières 79, 3148.
Andrieu-Ponel, V., Demory, F., Perrin, M., Cihat Alcicek, M., Lebatard, A.-E., Nomade, S., Djamali, M., Rochette, P., Helvacı, C., 2016. The long climatic sequence of Acigol Lake, NW Turkey: first chronological and palynological results. 25eme Réunion des sciences de la Terre, Caen, France.
Anell, I., Thybo, H., Artemieva, I.M., 2009. Cenozoic uplift and subsidence in the North Atlantic region: geological evidence revisited. Tectonophysics 474, 78105.
Arroucau, P., 2006. Sismicité du Massif armoricain: relocalisation et interprétation tectonique. PhD dissertation, Earth Sciences, University of Nantes, Nantes, France.
Bahain, J.J., Falguères, C., Laurent, M., Voinchet, P., Dolo, J.M., Antoine, P., Tuffreau, A., 2007. ESR chronology of the Somme River Terrace system and first human settlements in Northern France. Quaternary Geochronology 2, 356362.
Ballèvre, M., Bosse, V., Ducassou, C., Pitra, P., 2009. Palaeozoic history of the Armorican Massif: models for the tectonic evolution of the suture zones. Comptes Rendus Geoscience 341, 174201.
Beck, C., 2009. Late Quaternary lacustrine paleo-seismic archives in north-western Alps: examples of earthquake-origin assessment of sedimentary disturbances. Earth-Science Reviews 96, 327344.
Bendick, R., Bilham, R., 2017. Do weak global stresses synchronize earthquakes? Geophysical Research Letters 44, 83208327.
Bergerat, F., 1987. Stress fields in the European platform at the time of Africa-Eurasia collision. Tectonics 6, 99132.
Bessin, P., Guillocheau, F., Robin, C., Schroëtter, J.-M., Bauer, H., 2015. The Armorican Massif (western France): a two times exhumed relief shaped by planation surfaces in response to Iberia-Eurasia relative movements. Geomorphology 233, 7591.
Bolton, A., Maltman, A., 1998. Fluid-flow pathways in actively deforming sediments: the role of pore fluid pressure and volume change. Marine and Petroleum Geology 15, 281297.
Bonnet, S., Guillocheau, F., Brun, J.-P., Van Den Driessche, J., 2000. Large-scale relief development related to Quaternary tectonic uplift of a Proterozoic-Paleozoic basement: the Armorican Massif, NW France. Journal of Geophysical Research 105, 1927319288.
Cagnard, , 2008. Carte géologique harmonisée du département du Finistère. BRGM/RP-56273-FR, BRGM ed., 435 pp.
Calais, E., Camelbeeck, T., Stein, S., Liu, M., Craig, T.J., 2016. A new paradigm for large earthquakes in stable continental plate interiors. Geophysical Research Letters 43, 1062110637.
Caputo, R., 2005. Ground effects of large morphogenic earthquakes. Journal of Geodynamics 40, 113118.
Cara, M., Cansi, Y., Schlupp, A., Arroucau, P., Béthoux, N., Beucler, E., Bruno, S., et al., 2015. SI-Hex: a new catalogue of instrumental seismicity for metropolitan France. Bulletin de la Société Géolologique de France 186, 319.
Carbon, D., Combes, P., Cushing, M., Granier, T., Grellet, B., 1995. Rupture de surface post-Pléistocène moyen dans le Bassin aquitain. Comptes Rendus de l’Academie des Sciences, Serie IIa 320, 311317.
Chardon, D., Hermite, D., Ngyen, F., Bellier, O., 2005. First paleoseismological constraints on the strongest earthquake in France (Provence) in the twentieth century. Geology 33, 904911.
Chauris, L., Plusquellec, Y., Hallegouët, B., Darboux, J.-R., Melou, M., Chauvel, J.-J., Le Corre, C., Babin, C., Morzadec, P., Thonon, P., 1980. Notice de la carte géologique 1/50 000, feuille Brest (274). Bureau de recherches géologiques et minières, Orléans, France.
Cordier, S., Harmand, D., Frechen, M., Beiner, M., 2006. Fluvial system response to Middle and Upper Pleistocene climate change in the Meurthe and Moselle valleys (Eastern Paris Basin and Rhenish Massif). Quaternary Science Reviews 25, 14601474.
Darboux, J.R., Marcoux, E., Hallégouët, B., Lebret, P., Thomas, E., Margerel, J.-P., Blanchet, S., Carn, A., 2010. Notice explicative, Carte géol. France (1/50 000), feuille Landerneau (239). Bureau de recherches géologiques et minières, Orléans, France.
Derakhshandi, M., Rathje, E.E., Hazirbaba, E.E., Mirhosseini, S.M., 2007. The effect of plastic fines on the pore pressure generation characteristics of saturated sands. Soil Dynamics and Earthquake Engineering 28, 376386.
Diot, M.F., 1999. Le Pléistocène de la façade atlantique du Nord-Médoc (France): synthèse sur la palynologie des «Argiles du Gurp» s.l. et comparaison avec les données de l’Aquitaine. Quaternaire 10, 213225.
Dubreuilh, J., 1976. Contribution à l’étude sédimentologique du système fluviatile Dordogne-Garonne dans la région bordelaise. Les ressources en matériaux alluvionnaires du département de la Gironde. PhD dissertation, Université de Bordeaux, Bordeaux, France.
Dubreuilh, J., Marionnaud, J.M., 1973. Notice explicative, carte géologique de la France (1/50000), feuille St-Vivien de Médoc - Soulac-sur-Mer (730). Bureau de recherches géologiques et minières, Orléans, France.
Eissmann, L., 1987. Lagerungsstörungen im Lockergebirge: Endogene und exogene Tektonik im Lockergebirge des nördlichen Mitteleuropas. Geophysik und Geologie 3, 778.
Encrenaz, T., Bibring, J.-P., Blanc, M., 2003. The Solar System. Springer, Berlin.
Field, M.H., Velichkevich, F.Y., Andrieu-Ponel, V., Woltz, P., 2000. Significance of two new Pleistocene plant records from western Europe. Quaternary Research 54, 253263.
Gély, J.P., Sztràkos, K., 2000. L‘évolution paléogéographique et géodynamique du Bassin aquitain au Paléogène: enregistrement et datation de la tectonique pyrénéenne. Géologie de la France 2, 3157.
Giardini, D., Woessner, J., Danciu, L., Cotton, F., Crowley, H., Grünthal, G., Pinho, R., et al., 2013. Seismic Hazard Harmonization in Europe (SHARE): Online Data Resource (accessed). http://dx.doi.org/10.12686/SED-00000001-SHARE. Last accessed May 2017.
Golke, M., Coblentz, D., 1996. Origin of the European regional stress field. Tectonophysics 266, 1124.
Grégoire, G., Le Roy, P., Ehrhold, A., Jouet, G., Garlan, T., 2017. Control factors of Holocene sedimentary infilling in a semi-closed tidal estuarine-like system: the Bay of Brest (France). Marine Geology 385, 84100.
Hallégouët, B., 1989. La presqu’île de Crozon: évolution géomorphologique. Historien-Géographe 318, 141148.
Hallégouët, B., 1994. Formation de la rade de Brest. In: Corlaix, J.-P. (Ed.), Atlas permanent de la mer et du littoral. Editmar No. 1. CNRS, Nantes, France, pp. 22.
Hallégouët, B., Ollivier-Pierre, M.F., Esteoule-Choux, J., 1976. Découverte d’un dépôt oligocène inférieur dans la haute vallée de l’Aber Ildut, au nord-ouest de Brest (Finistère). Comptes Rendus de l’Academie des Sciences 283D, 17111714.
Haugmard, M., 2017. Détermination non-linéaire des paramètres hypocentraux et structuraux: application à la sismicité intracontinentale du Massif armoricain. PhD dissertation, Earth Sciences, University of Nantes, Nantes, France.
Hide, R., Dickey, J.O., 1991. Earth’s variable rotation. Science 253, 629637.
Iaffaldano, G., Bunge, H.-P., 2015. Rapid plate motion variations through geological time: observations serving geodynamic interpretation. Annual Review of Earth and Planetary Sciences 43, 571592.
Irfan, T.Y., 1996. Mineralogy, fabric properties and classification of weathered granites in Hong Kong. Quarterly Journal of Engineering Geology 29, 536.
Ito, K., Tamura, T., Tsukamoto, S., 2017. Post-IR IRSL dating of K-feldspar from last interglacial marine terrace deposits on the Kamikita coastal plain, northeastern Japan. Geochronometria 44, 352365.
Koutsodendris, A., Müller, U.C., Pross, J., Brauer, A., Kotthoff, U., Lotter, A.F., 2010. Vegetation dynamics and climate variability during the Holsteinian interglacial based on a pollen record from Dethlingen (northern Germany). Quaternary Science Reviews 29, 32983307.
Lambeck, K., Johnston, P., 2000. Reply to comment by W. Fjeldskaar ‘What about asthenosphere viscosity? Sea-level change, glacial rebound and mantle viscosity for northern Europe. Geophysical Journal International 142, 279281.
Landgraf, A., Kuebler, S., Hintersberger, E., Stein, S. (Eds.), 2016. Seismicity, Fault Rupture and Earthquake Hazards in Slowly Deforming Regions. Special Publication, No. 432. Geological Society, London.
Larson, R.L., Olson, P., 1991. Mantle plumes control magnetic reversal frequency. Earth and Planetary Science Letters 107, 437447.
Laut, P., 2003. Solar activity and terrestrial climate: an analysis of some purported correlations. Journal of Atmospheric and Solar-Terrestrial Physics 65, 801812.
Le Gall, B., Authemayou, C., Ehrhold, A., Paquette, J.-L., Bussien, D., Chazot, G., Aouizerat, A., Pastol, Y., 2014. LiDAR offshore structural mapping and U/Pb zircon/monazite dating of Variscan strain in the Leon metamorphic domain, NW Brittany. Tectonophysics 630, 236250.
Le Roy, P., Gracia-Garay, C., Guennoc, P., Bourillet, J.-F., Reynaud, J.-Y., Thinon, I., Kervevan, P., Paquet, F., Menier, D., Bulois, C., 2011. Cenozoic tectonics of the Western Approaches Channel basins and its control of local drainage systems. Bulletin de la Société Géologique de France 182, 451463.
Levi, T., Weinberger, R., Aïfa, T., Eyal, Y., Marco, S., 2006. Earthquake-induced clastic dikes detected by anisotropy of magnetic susceptibility. Geology 34, 6972.
Lolli, B., Gasperini, P., Vannucci, G., 2014. Empirical conversion between teleseismic magnitudes (mb and Ms) and moment magnitude (Mw) at the Global, Euro-Mediterranean and Italian scale. Geophysical Journal International 199, 805828.
Manchuel, K., Traversa, P., Baumont, D., Cara, M., Nayman, E., Durouchoux, C., 2018. The French seismic CATalogue (FCAT-17). Bulletin of Earthquake Engineering 16, 22272251.
Mansy, J.L., Manby, G.M., Averbuch, O., Everaerts, M., Bergerat, F., van Vliet-Lanoë, B., Lamarche, J., 2003. Role of basement reactivation in the formation and inversion of the Weald-Boulonnais basin. Tectonophysics 373, 161179.
Marotta, A.M., Mitrovica, J.X., Sabadini, R., Milne, G., 2004. Combined effects of tectonics and glacial isostatic adjustment on intraplate deformation in central and northern Europe: applications to geodetic baseline analyses. Journal of Geophysical Research 109, B01413.
Mazabraud, Y., Bethoux, N., Delouis, B., 2013. Is earthquake activity along the French Atlantic margin favoured by local rheological contrasts? Comptes Rendus Geoscience 345, 373382.
Mazabraud, Y., Béthoux, N., Guilbert, J., Bellier, O., 2005. Short scale stress determination in central and western France, an intraplate slow deforming region. Geophysical Journal International 160, 161178.
McCalpin, J.P. (Ed.), 1996. Paleoseismology. Academic Press, San Diego, CA.
Melou, M., 1968. Contribution à l’étude sédimentologique du Quaternaire Sud-Finistérien. L’anse de Trez Rouz et la ria de l’Odet. PhD dissertation, Université de Paris, centre d’Orsay, Paris.
Ménabréaz, L., Thouveny, N., Bourlès, D.L., Vidal, L., 2014. The geomagnetic dipole moment variation between 250 and 800 ka BP reconstructed from the authigenic 10Be/9Be signature in West Equatorial Pacific sediments. Earth and Planetary Science Letters 385, 190205.
Montgomery, D.R. and Manga, M. 2003. Streamflow and Water Well Responses to Earthquakes. Science 300, 20472049.
Morzadec-Kerfourn, M.-T, 1974. Variations de la ligne de rivage armoricaine au Quaternaire. Analyses polliniques de dépôts organiques littoraux. Mémoiresde la Société géologique et minéralogique de. Bretagne, 17. Institut de géologie, Université de Rennes, Rennes, France.
Morzadec-Kerfourn, M.-T., 1999. Littoraux pléistocènes de l’ouest du Massif armoricain: de la rade de Brest à la Baie d’Audierne. Quaternaire 10, 171179.
Muir-Wood, R., King, G.C.P., 1993. Hydrologic signatures of earthquake strain. Journal of Geophysical Research 98, 2203522068.
Mulargia, F., Bizzarri, A., 2014. Anthropogenic triggering of large earthquakes. Scientific Reports 4, 6100.
Nocquet, J.M., 2012. Present-day kinematics of the Mediterranean: a comprehensive overview of GPS results. Tectonophysics 579, 220242.
Obermeier, S.F., 1996. Using liquefaction induced features for palaeoseismic analysis. In: McCalpin, J. (Ed.), Paleoseismology. Academic Press, San Diego, CA, pp. 331396.
Obermeier, S.F., Martin, J.R., Frankel, A.D., Youd, T.L., Munson, P.J., Munson, C.A., Pond, E.C., 1993. Liquefaction Evidence for One or More Strong Holocene Earthquakes in Wabash Valley of Southern Indiana and Illinois, with a Preliminary Estimate of Magnitude. U.S. Geological Survey Professional Paper 1536. U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC.
O’Brien, C.E., Jones, R.L., 2003. Early and Middle Pleistocene vegetation history of the Medoc region, southwest France. Journal of Quaternary Science 18, 557579.
Olaiz, A.J., Muñoz-Martín, A., De Vicente, G., Vegas, R., Cloetingh, S., 2009. European continuous active tectonic strain–stress map. Tectonophysics 474, 3340.
Olson, S., Green, R., Obermeier, S.F., 2005. Revised magnitude-bound relation for the Wabash Valley seismic zone of the central United States. Seismological Research Letters 76, 756771.
Perrot, J., Arroucau, P., Guilbert, J., Déverchère, J., Mazabraud, Y., Rolet, J., Mocquet, A., Mousseau, M., Matias, L., 2005. Analysis of the Mw 4.3 Lorient earthquake sequence: a multidisciplinary approach to the geodynamics of the Armorican Massif, westernmost France. Geophysical Journal International 162, 935950.
Plusquellec, Y., Rolet, J., Darboux, J.-R., Bosold, A., Chantraine, J., Chauris, L., Chauvel, J.-J., et al., 1999. Notice explicative de la feuille Châteaulin, 1/50 000. Bureau de recherches géologiques et minières, Orléans, France.
Powley, D.E., 1999. Shale Domes. Search and Discovery Article #60001. Revised from Amoco Production Company report. http://www.searchanddiscovery.com/documents/Shale/shale.htm.
Railsback, L.B., Gibbard, P.L., Head, M.J., Voarintsoa, N.R.G., Toucanne, S., 2015. An optimized scheme of lettered marine isotope substages for the last 1.0 million years, and the climatostratigraphic nature of isotope stages and substages. Quaternary Science Reviews 111, 94106.
Rohling, E.J., Grant, K., Bolshaw, M., Roberts, A.P., Siddall, M., Hemleben, C., Kucera, M., 2009. Antarctic temperature and global sea level closely coupled over the past five glacial cycles. Nature Geosciences 2, 500504.
Rolet, J., 1997. The concealed basement of Aquitaine. Mémoires de la Société géolologique de France 171, 115141.
Schneider, J.L., Van Vliet-Lanoë, B., Sitzia, L., 2012. Déformations co-sismiques à Cestas-Pot-aux-Pins et Larrusey. In: Bertran, P., Lenoble, A. (Eds.), Le Quaternaire continental d’Aquitaine: Un point sur les travaux récents. Field Guide. Association Française pour l’Etude du Quaternaire, Talence, France, pp. 140152.
Scourse, J.D., Haapaniemi, A.I., Colmenero-Hidalgo, E., 2009. Growth, dynamics and deglaciation of the last British–Irish ice sheet: the deep-sea ice-rafted detritus record. Quaternary Science Reviews 28, 30663084.
Segall, P., Rice, J.R., 1995. Dilatancy, compaction, and slip instability of a fluid-infiltrated fault. Journal of Geophysical Research 100, 2215522171.
Semblat, J.F., Kham, M., Parara, E., Bard, P.Y., Pitilakis, K., Makra, K., Raptakis, D., 2005. Site effects: basin geometry vs soil layering. Soil Dynamics and Earthquake Engineering 25, 529538.
Sibson, R.H., 1994. Crustal stress, faulting and fluid flow. In: Parnell, J. (Ed.), Geofluids: Origin, Migration and Evolution of Fluids in Sedimentary Basins. Special Publication, No. 78. Geological Society, London, pp. 6984.
Sitzia, L., Bertran, P., Bahain, J., Bateman, M.D., Hernandez, M., Garon, H., de Lafontaine, G., et al., 2015. The Quaternary coversands of southwest France. Quaternary Science Reviews 124, 84105.
Tastet, J.-P., 1999. Le Pléistocène de la façade atlantique du Nord-Médoc (France): état des connaissances sur la lithologie et la chronostratigraphie des «Argiles du Gurp» s.l. Quaternaire 10, 199212.
Thiel, C., Buylaert, J.P., Murray, A.S., Terhorst, B., Hofer, I., Tsukamoto, S., Frechen, M., 2011. Luminescence dating of the Stratzing loess profile (Austria) – testing the potential of an elevated temperature post-IR IRSL protocol. Quaternary International 234, 2331.
Van Vliet-Lanoë, B., Bonnet, S., Hallegouët, B., Laurent, M., 1997. Neotectonic and seismic activity in the Armorican and Cornubian Massifs: regional stress field with glacio-isostatic influence? Journal of Geodynamics 24, 219239.
Van Vliet-Lanoë, B., Brulhet, J., Combes, P., Duvail, C., Ego, F., Baize, S., Cojan, I., 2017. Quaternary thermokarst and thermal erosion features in northern France: origin and palaeoenvironments. Boreas 46, 442461.
Van Vliet-Lanoë, B., Hibsch, C., Csontos, L., Jegouzo, S., Hallégouët, B., Laurent, M., Maygari, A., Mercier, D., Voinchet, P., 2009. Seismically induced shale diapirism: the Mine d’Or section, Vilaine estuary, southern Brittany. International Journal of Earth Sciences 98, 969984.
Van Vliet-Lanoë, B., Laurent, M., Bahain, J.-J., Balescu, S., Falguères, C., Field, M., Hallégouët, B., Keen, D.H., 2000. Middle Pleistocene raised beach anomalies in the English Channel: regional and global stratigraphic implications. Journal of Geodynamics 29, 1541.
Van Vliet-Lanoë, B., Maygari, A., Meilliez, F., 2004. Distinguishing between tectonic and periglacial deformations of quaternary continental deposits in Europe. Global Planetary Change 43, 103127.
Van Vliet-Lanoë, B., Vandenberghe, N., Laignel, B., Laurent, M., Lauriat-Rage, A., Louwye, S., Mansy, J.L., et al., 2002. Paleogeographic evolution of northwestern Europe during the Upper Cenozoic. Geodiversitas 24, 511541.
Voinchet, P., Despriée, J, Tissoux, H., Falguères, C., Bahain, J.-J., Gageonnet, R., Dépont, J., Dolo, J.-M., 2010. ESR chronology of alluvial deposits and first human settlements of the Middle Loire Basin (Region Centre, France). Quaternary Geochronology 5, 381384.
Wells, D.J., Coppersmith, K.J., 1994. New empirical relationships among magnitude, rupture length, rupture width, rupture area, and surface displacement. Bulletin of Seismological Society of America 84, 9741002.
Woith, H., Wang, R., Milkereit, C., Zschau, J., Maiwald, U., Pekdeger, A., 2003. Heterogenous response of hydrogeological systems to the Izmit and Düzce (Turkey) earthquakes of 1999. Hydrogeology Journal 11, 113121.
Worm, H.U., 1997. A link between geomagnetic reversals and events and glaciations. Earth and Planetary Science Letters 147, 5567.
Wyns, R., 1991. Evolution tectonique du bâti armoricain oriental au Cénozoïque d’après l’analyse des paléosurfaces continentales et des formations géologiques associées. Géologie de la France 3, 1142.
Youd, T.L., Steidl, J.H., Nigbor, R.L., 2004. Lessons learned and need for instrumented liquefaction sites. Soil Dynamics and Earthquake Engineering 24, 639646.
Zagwijn, W.H., 1996. The Cromerian Complex Stage of the Netherlands and correlation with other areas in Europe. In: Turner, C. (Ed.), The Early Middle Pleistocene in Europe. Balkema, Rotterdam, the Netherlands, pp. 145172.
Ziegler, P., Dèzes, P., 2006. Crustal evolution of western and central Europe. Geological Society, London, Memoirs 32, 4356.
Recommend this journal

Email your librarian or administrator to recommend adding this journal to your organisation's collection.

Quaternary Research
  • ISSN: 0033-5894
  • EISSN: 1096-0287
  • URL: /core/journals/quaternary-research
Please enter your name
Please enter a valid email address
Who would you like to send this to? *
×

Keywords

Metrics

Altmetric attention score

Full text views

Total number of HTML views: 0
Total number of PDF views: 0 *
Loading metrics...

Abstract views

Total abstract views: 0 *
Loading metrics...

* Views captured on Cambridge Core between <date>. This data will be updated every 24 hours.

Usage data cannot currently be displayed