Skip to main content
×
Home
    • Aa
    • Aa

Nonassociation of Paleoindians with AMS-Dated Late Pleistocene Mammals from the Dutchess Quarry Caves, New York

  • David W. Steadman (a1), Thomas W. Stafford (a2) and Robert E. Funk (a3)
Abstract
Abstract

AMS14C ages of 10 bones of the caribou (Rangifer tarandus), flat-headed peccary (Platygonus compressus), and giant beaver (Castoroides ohioensis) from the Dutchess Quarry Caves, New York, range from 13,840 ± 80 to 11,670 ± 70 yr B.P. No bones from any of these species are demonstrably associated with Paleoindian artifacts (fluted points) or other cultural materials from the sites because the bones lack unequivocal stratigraphic association with artifacts, as well as physical (taphonomic) evidence for human association (e.g., burning, cut marks, distinctive breakage). Together with the Holocene conventional14C dates of charcoal and the varied stratigraphic proveniences of the fluted points and the dated bones, the new AMS14C dates argue that most strata at the Dutchess Quarry Caves contain a mixture of late Pleistocene and Holocene materials. This mixing probably resulted from post-depositional bioturbation (by humans, rodents, carnivores, and scavengers) and cryoturbation (annual freeze–thaw cycles). Rather than being of cultural origin, the bones of caribou, flat-headed peccary, and giant beaver likely were deposited in the Dutchess Quarry Caves by nonhuman predators or scavengers, such as ursids, canids, felids, condors, or eagles.

Copyright
Linked references
Hide All

This list contains references from the content that can be linked to their source. For a full set of references and notes please see the PDF or HTML where available.

J. Buckley and E. H. Willis (1972). Isotopes' radiocarbon measurements, IX. Radiocarbon 14, 114139.

C. S. Churcher P. W. Parmalee G. L. Bell and J. P. Lamb (1989). Caribou from the late Pleistocene of northwestern Alabama. Canadian Journal of Zoology 67, 12101216.

D. W. Fisher and J. H. Ostrom (1952). A contribution to the Pleistocene fauna of New York State. American Journal of Science 250, 609616.

R. E. Funk D. W. Fisher and E. M. Reilly Jr.(1970). Caribou and Paleo-Indian in New York State: A presumed association. American Journal of Science 268, 181186.

J. E. Guilday (1968). Archaeological evidence of caribou from New York and Massachusetts. Journal of Mammalogy 49, 344345.

E. W. Haury E. B. Sayles and W. W. Wasley (1959). The Lehner Mammoth site, southeastern Arizona. American Antiquity 25, 230.

C. V. Haynes (1969). The earliest Americans. Science 166, 709715.

C. V. Haynes (1987). Clovis origin update. The Kiva 52, 8393.

C. V. Haynes (1991). Geoarchaeological and paleohydrological evidence for a Clovis-Age drought in North America and its bearing on extinction. Quaternary Research 35, 435450.

C. V. Haynes (1992). Contributions of radiocarbon dating to the geochro-nology of the peopling of the New World. In “Radiocarbon after Four Decades: an Interdisciplinary Perspective” ( R. E. Taylor A. Long and R. S. Kra Eds.), pp. 355374. Springer-Verlag, New York.

C. V. Haynes and E. T. Hemmings (1968). Mammoth-bone shaft wrench from Murray Springs, Arizona. Science 159, 186187.

R. L. Kelly and L. C. Todd (1988). Coming into the country: Early Paleoindian hunting and mobility. American Antiquity 53, 231244.

Recommend this journal

Email your librarian or administrator to recommend adding this journal to your organisation's collection.

Quaternary Research
  • ISSN: 0033-5894
  • EISSN: 1096-0287
  • URL: /core/journals/quaternary-research
Please enter your name
Please enter a valid email address
Who would you like to send this to? *
×

Metrics

Abstract views

Total abstract views: 16 *
Loading metrics...

* Views captured on Cambridge Core between 20th January 2017 - 25th April 2017. This data will be updated every 24 hours.