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Paleoenvironmental Implications of the Quaternary Distribution of the Eastern Chipmunk (Tamias Striatus) in Central Texas

  • Russell W. Graham (a1)

Four Quaternary cave sites in central Texas demonstrate that the eastern chipmunk (Tamias striatus) ranged more than 600 km southwest of its modern distribution. Climatographs suggest that the late Pleistocene/early Holocene summer climates were either 7.5°C cooler and 120 mm moister than today or 300 mm moister, if temperature remained unchanged. The distribution of T. striatus also implies that mixed deciduous forest existed on the eastern Edwards Plateau at this time.

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C. Dunford (1972). Summer activity of eastern chipmunks Journal of Mammalogy 53, 176180

R.B. Forbes (1967). Some aspects of the water economics of two species of chipmunks Journal of Mammalogy 48, 466468

R.W. Graham (1976a). Late Wisconsin mammal faunas and environmental gradients of the eastern United States Paleobiology 2, 343350

G.L. Kirkland Jr., R.J. Griffin (1974). Microdistribution of small mammals at the coniferous-deciduous forest ecotone in northern New York Journal of Mammalogy 55, 417427

P. Thibault (1969). Activité estivale de petits mammiferes du Québec Canadian Journal of Zoology 47, 817828

S.S. Visher (1954). Climatic Atlas of the United States Harvard Univ. Press Cambridge, Mass

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Quaternary Research
  • ISSN: 0033-5894
  • EISSN: 1096-0287
  • URL: /core/journals/quaternary-research
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