Skip to main content
×
×
Home

Regional atmospheric circulation change in the North Pacific during the Holocene inferred from lacustrine carbonate oxygen isotopes, Yukon Territory, Canada

  • Lesleigh Anderson (a1), Mark B. Abbott (a2), Bruce P. Finney (a3) and Stephen J. Burns (a1)
Abstract

Analyses of sediment cores from Jellybean Lake, a small, evaporation-insensitive groundwater-fed lake, provide a record of changes in North Pacific atmospheric circulation for the last ∽7500 yr at 5- to 30-yr resolution. Isotope hydrology data from the southern Yukon indicate that the oxygen isotope composition of water from Jellybean Lake reflects the composition of mean-annual precipitation, δ18Op. Recent changes in the δ18O of Jellybean sedimentary calcite (δ18Oca) correspond to changes in the North Pacific Index (NPI), a measure of the intensity and position of the Aleutian Low (AL) pressure system. This suggests that δ18Op variability was related to the degree of fractionation during moisture transport from the Gulf of Alaska across the St. Elias Mountains and that Holocene shifts were controlled by the intensity and position of the AL. Following this model, between ∽7500 and 4500 cal yr B.P., long-term trends suggest a predominantly weaker and/or westward AL. Between ∽4500 and 3000 cal yr B.P. the AL shifted eastward or intensified before shifting westward or weakening between ∽3000 and 2000 cal yr B.P. Rapid shifts eastward and/or intensification occurred ∽1200 and 300 cal yr B.P. Holocene changes in North Pacific atmospheric circulation inferred from Jellybean Lake oxygen isotopes correspond with late Holocene glacial advances in the St. Elias Mountains, changes in North Pacific salmon abundance, and shifts in atmospheric circulation over the Beaufort Sea.

    • Send article to Kindle

      To send this article to your Kindle, first ensure no-reply@cambridge.org is added to your Approved Personal Document E-mail List under your Personal Document Settings on the Manage Your Content and Devices page of your Amazon account. Then enter the ‘name’ part of your Kindle email address below. Find out more about sending to your Kindle. Find out more about sending to your Kindle.

      Note you can select to send to either the @free.kindle.com or @kindle.com variations. ‘@free.kindle.com’ emails are free but can only be sent to your device when it is connected to wi-fi. ‘@kindle.com’ emails can be delivered even when you are not connected to wi-fi, but note that service fees apply.

      Find out more about the Kindle Personal Document Service.

      Regional atmospheric circulation change in the North Pacific during the Holocene inferred from lacustrine carbonate oxygen isotopes, Yukon Territory, Canada
      Available formats
      ×
      Send article to Dropbox

      To send this article to your Dropbox account, please select one or more formats and confirm that you agree to abide by our usage policies. If this is the first time you use this feature, you will be asked to authorise Cambridge Core to connect with your <service> account. Find out more about sending content to Dropbox.

      Regional atmospheric circulation change in the North Pacific during the Holocene inferred from lacustrine carbonate oxygen isotopes, Yukon Territory, Canada
      Available formats
      ×
      Send article to Google Drive

      To send this article to your Google Drive account, please select one or more formats and confirm that you agree to abide by our usage policies. If this is the first time you use this feature, you will be asked to authorise Cambridge Core to connect with your <service> account. Find out more about sending content to Google Drive.

      Regional atmospheric circulation change in the North Pacific during the Holocene inferred from lacustrine carbonate oxygen isotopes, Yukon Territory, Canada
      Available formats
      ×
Copyright
Corresponding author
* Corresponding author. Fax: +1 413 545 1200. E-mail addresses: land@geo.umass.edu (L. Anderson), mabbott1@pitt.edu (M.B. Abbott), finney@ims.uaf.edu (B.P. Finney), sburns@geo.umass.edu (S.J. Burns)
1Fax: +1 412 624 3914.
2Fax: +1 907 474 7204.
3Fax: +1 413 545 1200.
References
Hide All
Anderson, L. (2005). Holocene climate of the southwest Yukon Territory, Canada, inferred from lake-level and isotope analyses of small carbonate lakes. Ph.D. Dissertation,University of Massachusetts Amherst, Department of Geosciences, Amherst, MA, USA.
Anderson, L., Abbott, M.B., and Finney, B.P. (2001). Holocene climate inferred from oxygen isotope ratios in lake sediments, Central Brooks Range, Alaska. Quaternary Research 55, 313321.
Appleby, P.G. (2001). Chronostratigraphic techniques in recent sediments.Last, W., Smol, J.P. Tracking Environmental Change Using Lake Sediments Basin Analysis, Coring, and Chronological Techniques vol. 1, Kluwer Academic Press, Dordrecht.171203.
Bengtsson, L., and Enell, M. (1986). Chemical analyses.Berglund, B.E. Handbook of Holocene Paleoecology and Paleohydrology J. Wiley, Chichester.423451.
Biondi, F., Gershunov, A., and Cayan, D.R. (2001). North Pacific decadal climate variability since 1661. Journal of Climate 14, 510.
Bitz, C.M., and Battisti, D.S. (1999). Interannual to decadal variability in climate and the glacier mass balance in Washington, Western Canada and Alaska. Journal of Climate 12, 31813196.
Bowen, G.J., and Wilkinson, B. (2002). Spatial distribution of δ18O in meteoric precipitation. Geology 30, 315318.
Brown, T.A., Nelson, D.E., Mathewes, R.W., Vogel, J.S., and Southon, J.R. (1989). Radiocarbon dating of pollen by accelerator mass spectrometry. Quaternary Research 32, 205212.
Calkin, P.E., Wiles, G.C., and Barclay, D.J. (2001). Holocene coastal glaciation of Alaska. Quaternary Science Reviews 20, 449461.
Cayan, D.R., and Peterson, D.H. (1989). The influence of North Pacific atmospheric circulation on streamflow in the west. Geophysical Monograph 55, 375379.
Clague, J.J., Evans, S.G., Rampton, V.N., and Woodsworth, G.J. (1995). Improved age estimates for the White River and Bridge River tephras, Western Canada. Canadian Journal of Earth Sciences 32, 11721179.
Cwynar, L.C. (1988). Late Quaternary vegetation history of Kettlehole Pond, southwestern Yukon. Canadian Journal of Forest Research 18, 12701279.
Cwynar, L.C., and Spear, R.W. (1995). Paleovegetation and paleoclimatic changes in the Yukon at 6 kA BP. Geographie Physique et Quaternaire 49, 2935.
Dansgaard, W. (1964). Stable isotopes in precipitation. Tellus 16, 436468.
D'Arrigo, R., Wiles, G., Jacoby, G., and Villaba, R. (1999). North Pacific sea surface temperatures: past variations inferred from tree rings. Geophysical Research Letters 26, 27572760.
Davi, N.K., Jacoby, G.C., and Wiles, G.C. (2003). Boreal temperature variability inferred from maximum latewood density and tree-ring width data, Wrangell Mountain region, Alaska. Quaternary Research 60, 252262.
Dean, W.E., and Stuiver, M. (1993). Stable carbon and oxygen isotope studies of the sediments of Elk Lake, Minnesota.Bradbury, J.P., Dean, W.F. Elk Lake, Minnesota: Evidence for Rapid Climate Change in the North-Central United States United States Geological Survey Special Paper vol. 276, 163180.Boulder, Colorado
Denton, G.H., and Karlen, W. (1977). Holocene glacial and tree-line variations in the White River Valley and Skolai Pass, Alaska and Yukon Territory. Quaternary Research 7, 63111.
Dyke, A.S., and Savelle, J.M. (2000). Holocene driftwood incursion to Southwestern Victoria Island, Canadian Arctic Archipelago, and its significance to Paleoceanography and Archeology. Quaternary Research 54, 113120.
Dyke, A.S., and Savelle, J.M. (2001). Holocene history of the Bering Sea Bowhead whale (Balaena mysticetus) in its Beaufort Sea summer grounds off southwestern Victoria Island, western Canadian Arctic. Quaternary Research 55, 371379.
Dyke, A.S., Andrews, J.T., Clark, P.U., England, J.H., Miller, G.H., Shaw, J., and Veillette, J.J. (2002). The Laurentide and Innuitian ice sheets during the last glacial maximum. Quaternary Science Reviews 21, 931.
Edwards, T.W.D., Wolfe, B.B., and MacDonald, G.M. (1996). Influence of changing atmospheric circulation on precipitation δ18O-temperature relations in Canada during the Holocene. Quaternary Research 46, 211218.
Edwards, M.E., Mock, C.J., Finney, B.P., Barber, V.A., and Bartlein, P.J. (2001). Potential analogues for paleoclimatic variations in eastern interior Alaska during the past 14,000 yr: atmospheric-circulation controls of regional temperature and moisture responses. Quaternary Science Reviews 20, 189202.
Environment Canada, (2003). Environment Canada, 2003. Canadian Climate Normals Web site.http://www.msc-smc.ec.gc.ca/climate/climate_normals/index_e.cfm.
Epstein, S., Buchsbaum, R., Lowenstam, H.A., and Urey, H.C. (1953). Revised carbonate-water temperature scale. Geological Society of America Bulletin 62, 417426.
Finney, B.P., Gregory-Eaves, I., Sweetman, J., Douglas, M.S.V., and Smol, J.P. (2000). Impacts of climatic change and fishing on Pacific salmon abundance over the past 300 years. Science 290, 795799.
Finney, B.P., Gregory-Eaves, I., Douglas, M.S.V., and Smol, J.P. (2002). Fisheries productivity in the northeastern Pacific Ocean over the past 2,200 years. Nature 416, 729733.
Friedman, I., and O'Niel, J.R. (1977). Compilation of stable isotope fractionation factors of geochemical interest.Fleischer, M. Data of Geochemistry, Chapter KK. United States Geological Survey Professional Paper 440-KK, Boulder sixth ed.12
Gonfiantini, R., Frohlich, K., Araguas-Araguas, L., and Rozanski, K. (1998). Isotopes in groundwater hydrology.Kendall, C., McDonnell, J.J. Isotope Tracers in Catchment Hydrology Elsevier, Amsterdam.203246.
Hammerlund, D., Barnekow, L., Birks, H.J.B., Buchardt, B., and Edwards, T.W.D. (2002). Holocene changes in atmospheric circulation recorded in the oxygen-isotope stratigraphy of lacustrine carbonates from northern Sweden. The Holocene 12, 339351.
Hammerlund, D., Björck, S., Buchardt, B., Israelson, C., and Thomsen, C.T. (2003). Rapid hydrological changes during the Holocene revealed by stable isotope records of lacustrine carbonates from Lake Igelsjön, Southern Sweden. Quaternary Science Reviews 22, 353370.
Hare, S.R., and Francis, R.C. (1994). Climate change and salmon production in the Northeast Pacific Ocean.Beamish, R.J. Climate Change and Northern Fish Populations Canadian Special Publication in Fish and Aquatic Science vol. 121, 133.
Heiri, O., Lotter, A.F., and Lemcke, G. (2001). Loss on ignition as a method for estimating organic and carbonate content in sediments: reproducibility and comparability of results. Journal of Paleolimnology 25, 101110.
Herczeg, A.L., and Fairbanks, R.G. (1987). Anomalous carbon isotope fractionation between atmospheric CO2 and dissolved inorganic carbon induced by intense photosynthesis. Geochimica et Cosmochimica Acta 51, 895899.
Heusser, C.J., Heusser, L.E., and Peteet, D.M. (1985). Late-quaternary climatic change on the American North Pacific Coast. Nature 316, 485487.
Holdsworth, G., Krouse, H.R., and Nosal, M. (1992). Ice core climate signals from Mount Logan, Yukon A.D. 1700–1897.Bradley, R.S., Jones, P.D. Climate Since A.D. 500 Routelidge, London.483516.
Hu, F.S., and Shemesh, A. (2003). A biogenic-silica δ18O record of climatic change during the last glacial-interglacial transition in southwestern Alaska. Quaternary Research 59, 379385.
Hu, F.S., Ito, E., Brown, T.A., Curry, B.B., and Engstron, D.R. (2001). Pronounced climatic variations in Alaska during the last two millennia. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences 98, 1055210556.
Hu, F.S., Kaufman, D., Yoneji, S., Nelson, D., Shemesh, A., Huang, Y., Tian, J., Bond, G., Clegg, B., and Brown, T. (2003). Cyclic variation and solar forcing of Holocene climate in the Alaskan subarctic. Science 301, 18901893.
IAEA/WMO,(2001). Global Network of Isotopes in Precipitation (GNIP) and Isotope Hydrology Information System (ISOHIS).International Atomic Energy Agency and World Meteorological Organization.http://www.isohis.iaea.org/.
Ingraham, N.L. (1998). Isotopic variations in precipitation.Kendall, C., McDonnell, J.J. Isotope Tracers in Catchment Hydrology Elsevier, Amsterdam.87118.
Jones, V.J., Leng, M.J., Solovieva, N., Sloane, H.J., and Tarasov, P. (2004). Holocene climate of the Kola Peninsula; evidence from the oxygen isotope record of diatom silica. Quaternary Science Reviews 23, 833839.
Keenan, T.J., and Cwynar, L.C. (1992). Late Quaternary history of black spruce and grasslands in southwest Yukon Territory. Canadian Journal of Botany 70, 13361345.
Lacourse, T., and Gajewski, K. (2000). Late Quaternary vegetation history of Sulfur Lake, southwest Yukon Territory, Canada. Arctic 53, 2735.
Latif, M., and Barnett, T.P. (1994). Causes of decadal climate variability over the North Pacific and North America. Science 266, 634637.
Leng, M.J., and Anderson, N.J. (2003). Isotopic variation in modern lake waters from western Greenland. The Holocene 13, 605611.
Mann, D.H., Crowell, A.L., Hamilton, T.D., and Finney, B.P. (1998). Holocene geologic and climatic history around the Gulf of Alaska. Arctic Anthropology 35, 112131.
Mantua, N.J., Hare, S.R., Zhang, Y., Wallace, J.M., and Francis, R.C. (1997). A Pacific interdecadal climate oscillation with impacts on salmon production. Bulletin of the American Meteorological Society 78, 10691079.
McKenzie, J.A. (1985). Carbon isotopes and productivity in the lacustrine and marine environment.Stumm, W. Chemical Processes in Lakes J. Wiley, Toronto.99118.
Mock, C.J., Bartlein, P.J., and Anderson, P.M. (1998). Atmospheric circulation patterns and spatial climatic variations in Beringia. International Journal of Climatology 18, 10851104.
Moore, G.W.K., Alverson, K., and Holdsworth, G. (2002a). )Variability in the climate of the Pacific Ocean and North America as expressed in the Mount Logan ice core. Annals of Glaciology 35, 423429.
Moore, G.W.K., Holdsworth, G., and Alverson, K. (2002b). )Climate change in the North Pacific region over the past three centuries. Nature 420, 401403.
Oana, S., and Deevey, E.S. (1960). Carbon-13 in lake waters, and its possible bearing on paleolimnology. American Journal of Science 258-A, 253272.
Pienitz, R., Smol, J.P., Last, W.M., Leavitt, P.R., and Cumming, B.F. (2000). Multi-proxy Holocene paleoclimatic record from a saline lake in the Canadian subarctic. The Holocene 10, 673686.
Plummer, L.N., and Busenberg, E. (1982). The solubility of calcite, aragonite, and vaterite in CO2–H2O solutions between 0 and 90°C, and an evaluation of the aqueous model for CaCO3–CO2–H2O equilibria. Geochimica et Cosmochimica Acta 44, 10111040.
Rosqvist, G., Jonsson, C., Yam, R., Karlén, W., and Shemesh, A. (2004). Diatom oxygen isotopes in pro-glacial lake sediments from northern Sweden: a 5000 year record of atmospheric circulation. Quaternary Science Reviews 23, 851859.
Rozanski, K., Araguas-Araguas, L., and Gonfiantini, R. (1992). Relation between long-term trends of oxygen-18 isotope composition of precipitation and climate. Science 258, 981985.
Rozanski, K., Araguás-Araguás, L., and Gonfiantini, R. (1993). Isotopic patterns in modern global precipitation.Swart, P.K., Lohman, K.C., McKenzie, J., Savin, S. Climate Change in Continental Isotopic Records American Geophysical Union, Geophysical Monograph vol. 78, 136.Washington, DC
Rupper, S., Steig, E.J., and Roe, G. (2004). The relationship between snow accumulation at Mt. Logan, Yukon, Canada, and climate variability in the North Pacific. Journal of Climate 17, 47244739.
Shemesh, A., Rosqvist, G., Rietti-Shati, M., Rubensdotter, L., Bigler, C., Yam, R., and Karlén, W. (2001). Holocene climatic change in Swedish Lapland inferred from an oxygen-isotope record of lacustrine biogenic silica. The Holocene 11, 447454.
Siegenthaler, U., and Eicher, U. (1986). Stable oxygen and carbon isotope analyses.Berglund, B.E. Handbook of Holocene Paleoecology and Paleohydrology J. Wiley, Chichester.407422.
Spear, R.W., and Cwynar, L.C. (1997). Late Quaternary vegetation history of White Pass, Northern British Columbia, Canada. Arctic and Alpine Research 29, 4552.
Spooner, I.S., Barnes, S., Baltzer, K.B., Raeside, R., Osborn, G.D., and Mazzucchi, D. (2003). The impact of air mass circulation dynamics on Late Holocene paleoclimate in northwestern North America. Quaternary International 108, 7783.
Streten, N.A. (1974). Some features of the summer climate of interior Alaska. Arctic 27, 272286.
Stuiver, M., Reimer, P.J., Bard, E., Beck, J.W., Burr, G.S., Hughen, K.A., Kromer, B., McCormac, F.G., v.d.Plicht, J., and Spurk, M. (1998). Radiocarbon age calibration 24,000-0 cal BP. Radiocarbon 40, 10411083.
Szeicz, J.M., and MacDonald, G.M. (1995). Dendroclimatic reconstruction of summer temperature in Northwestern Canada since A.D. 1638 based on age-dependent modeling. Quaternary Research 44, 257266.
Szeicz, J.M., and MacDonald, G.M. (1996). A 930-year ring-width chronology from moisture sensitive white spruce (Picea glauca Moench) in Northwestern Canada. The Holocene 6, 345351.
Talbot, M.R. (1990). A review of the palaeohydrological interpretation of carbon and oxygen isotopic ratios in primary lacustrine carbonates. Chemical Geology, Isotope Geosciences Section 80, 261279.
Thompson, R. (1986). Paleomagnetic dating.Berglund, B.E. Handbook of holocene paleoecology and paleohydrology J. Wiley, Chichester.313328.
Trenbirth, K.E., and Hurrell, J.W. (1994). Decadal atmosphere-ocean variations in the Pacific. Climate Dynamics 9, 303319.
von Grafenstein, U., Erlenkeuser, H., Muller, J., Trimborn, P., and Alefs, J. (1996). A 200 lake sediments: an extension of the δ18Op-year mid-European air temperature record preserved in air temperature relation into the past. Geochimica et Cosmochimica Acta 60, 40254036.
Wahl, H.E., Fraser, D.B., Harvey, R.C., and Maxwell, J.B. (1987). Climate of the Yukon, Climatological Studies Number 40. Environment Canada, Ottawa.323
Wake, C.P., Yalcin, K., and Gundestrup, N.S. (2002). The climate signal recorded in the oxygen-isotope, accumulation and major-ion time series from the Eclipse ice core, Yukon Territory, Canada. Annals of Glaciology 35, 416422.
Wang, X-C., and Geurts, M. (1991). Late Quaternary pollen records and vegetation history of the southwest Yukon Territory: a review. Geographié Physique et Quaternaire 45, 175193.
Wiles, G.C., D'Arrigo, R.D., and Jacoby, G.C. (1998). Gulf of Alaska atmosphere-ocean variability over recent centuries inferred from coastal tree-ring records. Climatic Change 38, 289306.
Wiles, G.C., Barclay, D.J., and Calkin, P.E. (1999). Tree-ring-dated ‘Little Ice Age’ histories of maritime glaciers from western Prince William Sound, Alaska. The Holocene 9, 163173.
Wiles, G.C., D'Arrigo, R.D., Villalba, R., Calkin, P.E., and Barclay, D.J. (2004). Century-scale solar variability and Alaskan temperature change over the past millennium. Geophysical Research Letters 31, LI5203 10.1029/2004GL020050
Wolfe, B.B., Edwards, T.W.D., Jiang, H., MacDonald, G.M., Gervais, B.R., and Snyder, J.A. (2003). Effect of varying oceanicity on early- to mid-Holocene palaeohydrology, Kola Peninsula, Russia: isotopic evidence from treeline lakes. The Holocene 13, 153160.
Yu, Z., McAndrews, J.H., and Eicher, U. (1997). Middle Holocene dry climate caused by change in atmospheric circulation patterns: evidence from lake levels and stable isotopes. Geology 25, 251254.
Recommend this journal

Email your librarian or administrator to recommend adding this journal to your organisation's collection.

Quaternary Research
  • ISSN: 0033-5894
  • EISSN: 1096-0287
  • URL: /core/journals/quaternary-research
Please enter your name
Please enter a valid email address
Who would you like to send this to? *
×

Keywords

Metrics

Full text views

Total number of HTML views: 0
Total number of PDF views: 0 *
Loading metrics...

Abstract views

Total abstract views: 0 *
Loading metrics...

* Views captured on Cambridge Core between <date>. This data will be updated every 24 hours.

Usage data cannot currently be displayed