Skip to main content
×
×
Home

Stable Isotopic Evidence for Latest Pleistocene and Holocene Climatic Change in North-Central Texas

  • John D. Humphrey (a1) and C. Reid Ferring (a2)
Abstract

A paleoclimatic record for a southern Great Plains locality (the Aubrey Clovis site in north-central Texas) has been established using stable carbon and oxygen isotopes. Detailed composite stratigraphic sections, constrained by 14 C ages, place the age of these deposits between 14,200 and 1600 yr B.P. Calcium carbonate samples of lacustrine and pedogenic origin were analyzed. Oxygen isotopic compositions of most of these in situ carbonates reflect equilibrium precipitation from local meteoric waters. Oxygen isotope values reflect changes in the composition of meteoric waters tied to changes in the isotopic composition of moisture derived from the Gulf of Mexico. Oxygen isotopic variability at the Aubrey site is coincident with marine isotopic records from the gulf that vary due to changes in Laurentide ice sheet volume and meltwater influx. The stable carbon isotopic record, reflecting changing biomass through time, corroborates humid versus arid interpretations based on sedimentology and rates of alluviation. A middle Holocene arid period was in contrast to moist early and late Holocene climate, affirming interpretations of other workers studying southern Great Plains Holocene climate history.

Copyright
References
Hide All
Aharon, P. (1992). History of meltwater events during the last deglaciation: A perspective from the Gulf of Mexico based on new isotope data. Geological Society of America Abstracts with Programs 24, 244.
Allan, J. R., and Matthews, R. K. (1982). Isotopic signatures associated with early meteoric diagenesis. Sedimentology 29, 797817.
An, Z. S. Porter, S. C. Zhou, W. Lu, Y. C. Donahue, D. J. Head, M. J. Wu, X. H. Ren, J. Z., and Zheng, H. B. (1993). Episode of strengthened summer monsoon climate of Younger Dryas age on the loess plateau of central China. Quaternary Research 39, 4554.
Birkeland, P. W. (1984). “Soils and Geomorphology.” Oxford Univ. Press, New York.
Bout ton, T. W. Harrison, A. T., and Smith, B. N. (1980). Distribution of biomass of species differing in photosynthetic pathway along an altitudinal transect in southeastern Wyoming grassland. Oecologia 45, 287298.
Broecker, W. S. Kennett, J. P. Flower, B. P. Teller, J. T. Trumbore, S. Bonani, G., and Wolfli, W. (1989). Routing of meltwater from the Laurentide ice sheet during the Younger Dryas cold episode. Nature 341, 318321.
Cerling, T. E. (1984). The stable isotopic composition of modern soil carbonate and its relationship to climate. Earth and Planetary Sci’ ence Letters 71, 229240.
Cerling, T. E., and Hay, R. L. (1986). An isotopic study of paleosol carbonates from Olduvai Gorge. Quaternary Research 25, 6378.
Cerling, T. E. Bowman, J. R., and O’Neil, J. R. (1988). An isotopic study of a fluvial-lacustrine sequence: The Plio-PIeistocene Koobi Fora sequence, east Africa. Palaeogeography, Palaeoclimatology, Palaeoecology 63, 335356.
Cerling, T. E. Quade, J. Wang, T., and Bowman, J. R. (1989). Carbon isotopes in soils and palaeosols as ecology and palaeoecology indi-cators. Nature 341, 138139.
Cerling, T. E. (1991). Carbon dioxide in the atmosphere: Evidence from Cenozoic and Mesozoic paleosols. American Journal of Science 291, 377400.
Cerling, T. E. Solomon, D. K. Quade, J., and Bowman, J. R. (1991), On the isotopic composition of carbon in soil carbon dioxide. Geochimica et Cosmochimica Acta 55, 34033405.
Craig, H. (1957). Isotopic standards for carbon and oxygen and correction factors for mass spectrometric analysis of carbon dioxide. Geochimica et Cosmochimica Acta 12, 133149.
Dansgaard, W. (1964). Stable isotopes in precipitation. Tellus 4, 436468.
Eicher, U., and Siegenthaler, U. (1976). Palynological and oxygen isotope investigations on late glacial sediment cores from Swiss lakes. Boreas 5, 109117.
Emiliani, C. Gartner, S. Lidz, B. Eldridge, K. Elvey, D. K. Huang, T. C. Stipp, J., and Swanson, M. (1975). Paleoclimatological analysis of late Quaternary cores from the northeastern Gulf of Mexico. Science 189, 10831088.
Emrich, K. Ehhalt, D. H., and Vogel, J. C. (1970). Carbon isotope fractionation during the precipitation of calcium carbonate. Earth and Planetary Science Letters 8, 363371.
Fairbanks, R. G. A. 17,000-year glacio-eustatic sea level record: Influence of glacial melting rates on the Younger Dryas event and deep-ocean circulation. Nature 342, 637642.
Fenneman, N. M. (1931). “Physiography of Western United States.” McGraw-Hill, New York.
Ferring, C. R. (1989). The Aubrey Clovis Site: A Paleoindian locality in the Upper Trinity River Basin, Texas. Current Research in the Pleistocene 6, 911.
Ferring, C. R. (1990). Late Quaternary geology and geoarchaeology of the Upper Trinity River drainage basin, Texas. In “Guidebook for Geological Society of America Fieldtrip 11”, pp. 181. Dallas Geological Society, Dallas.
Ferring, C. R. (1992). Alluvial pedology and geoarchaeological research. In “Soils in Archaeology” (Holliday, V. T., Ed.), pp. 139. Smithsonian Institution Press, Washington.
Ford, A., and Pauls, E. (1980). “Soil survey of Denton County, Texas.” U.S. Department of Agriculture, Washington, DC.
Goodfriend, G. A., and Magaritz, M. (1988). Palaeosols and late Pleistocene rainfall fluctuations in the Negev Desert. Nature 332, 144146.
Haas, H. Holliday, V., and Stuckenrath, R. (1986). Dating of Hoiocene stratigraphy with soluble and insoluble organic fractions at the Lubbock Lake archaeological site, Texas: An ideal case study. Radiocarbon 28, 473485.
Haynes, C. V. Jr., (1991). Geoarchaeological and paleohydrological evidence for a Clovis-age drought in North America and its bearing on extinction. Quaternary Research 35, 438450.
Hays, P. D., and Grossman, E. L. (1991). Oxygen isotopes in meteoric calcite cements as indicators of continental paleoclimate. Geology 19, 441444.
Holliday, V. T. (1989). Middle Hoiocene drought on the southern Great Plains. Quaternary Research 31, 7482.
Humphrey, J. D., and Ferring, C. R. (1991). Stable isotopic evidence for alte Pleistocene/Holocene climate change, north-central Texas. Geological Society of America Abstracts with Programs 23, 355.
Johnsen, S. J. Clausen, H. B. Dansgaard, W. Fuhrer, K. Gundestrup, N. Hammer, C. U. Iversen, P. Jouzel, J. Stauffer, B., and Steffensen, J. P. (1992). Irregular glacial interstadials recorded in a new Greenland ice core. Nature 359, 311313.
Lohmann, K. C. (1988). Geochemical patterns of meteoric diagenetic systems and their applications to studies of paleokarst. In “Paleokarst” (James, N. P. and ChoqueHe, P. W., Eds.), pp. 5580. Springer-Verlag, New York.
Madole, R. F. Ferring, C. R. Guccione, M. J. Hall, S. A. Johnson, W. C., and Sorenson, C. J. (1991). Quaternary geology of the Osage Plains and Interior Highlands. In “The Geology of North America (K-2): Quaternary Nonglacial Geology, Conterminous U.S.” (Morrison, R. B., Ed.), pp. 503546. Geological Society of America, Boulder.
Magaritz, M., and Amiel, A. J. (1980). Calcium carbonate in a calcareous soil from the Jordan Valley, Israel: Its origin as revealed by the stable carbon isotope method. Soil Science Society of America Journal 44, 10591062.
Magaritz, M. Kaufman, A., and Yaalon, D. H. (1981). Calcium carbonate nodules in soils: 180/160 and 13C/12C ratios and 14C contents. Geoderma 25, 157172.
Niemitz, J. W., and Dockter, G. (1991). Trace element chemostratigraphy of DSDP Site 480, Gulf of California: Implications for late Qua-ternary climate change in the eastern subtropical Pacific. Geological Society of America Abstracts with Programs 23, 237.
O’Neil, J. R. Clayton, R. N., and Meyeda, T. K. (1969). Oxygen isotope fractionation in divalent metal carbonates. Journal of Chemical Physics 51, 55475558.
Overpeck, J. T. Peterson, L. C. Kipp, N. Imbrie, J., and Rind, D. (1989). Climate change in the circum-North Atlantic region during the last deglaciation. Nature 338, 553557.
Paterson, W. S. B., and Hammer, C. U. (1987). Ice core and other glaciological data. In “The Geology of North America (K-3): North America and Adjacent Oceans During the Last Deglaciation” (Ruddiman, W. F. and Wright, H. E. Jr., Eds.), pp. 91109. Geological Society of America, Boulder.
Patterson, R. T. Mathewes, R. W., and Heusser, L. E. (1991). Foraminiferal and pollen evidence of late-Quatemary cooling on the British Columbia coast: A possible Younger Dryas event. Geological Society of America Abstracts with Programs 23, 237.
Pazdur, A. Pazdur, M. F. Starkel, L., and Szulc, J. (1988). Stable isotopes of Holocene calcareous tufa in southern Poland as paleoclimatic indicators. Quaternary Research 30, 177189.
Peterson, L. C. Overpeck, J. T. Kipp, N. G., and Imbrie, J. (1991). A high-resolution late Quaternary upwellmg record from the anoxic Cariaco Basin, Venezuela. Paleoceanography 6, 99119.
Pillard, D. A. (1988). “Pre-impoundment Estimations of Nutrient Loading to Ray Roberts Lake and Prediction of Post-inundation Ttophic Status.” Unpublished Ph.D. dissertation, University of North Texas.
Quade, J. Cerling, T. E., and Bowman, J, R. (1989a). Systematic variations in the carbon and oxygen isotopic composition of pedogenic carbonate along elevation transects in the southern Great Basin, United States. Geological Society of America Bulletin, 101, 464475.
Quade, J. Cerling, T. E., and Bowman, J. R. (1989b). Development of Asian monsoon revealed by marked ecological shift during the latest Miocene in northern Pakistan. Nature 342, 163166.
Rabenhorst, M. C. Wilding, L. P., and West, L. T. (1984). Identification of pedogenic carbonates using stable carbon isotope and microfabric analyses. Soil Science Society of America Journal 48, 125132.
Rightmire, C. T., and Hanshaw, B. B. (1973). Relationship between the carbon isotope composition of soil C02 and dissolved carbonate species in groundwater. Water Resources Research 9, 958967.
Ruddiman, (1987).
Salomons, W. Goudie, A., and Mook, W. G. (1978). Isotopic composition of calcrete deposits from Europe, Africa and India. Earth Sur-face Processes 3, 4357.
Siegenthaler, U. Eicher, U. Oeschger, H., and Dansgaard, W. (1984). Lake sediments as continental 5lsO records from the Glacial/PostGlacial transition. Annals of Glaciology 5, 149152.
Stuiver, M., and Reimer, P. J. (1986). A computer program for radiocarbon age calibration. Radiocarbon 28, 10221030.
Stuiver, M., and Reimer, P. J. (1993). Extended l4C database and revised CALIB radiocarbon calibration program, Radiocarbon 35, 215230.
Teeri, J. A., and Stowe, L. G. (1976). Climatic patterns and distribution of C4 grasses in North America. Oecologia 23, 112.
Tieszen, L. L., and Boutton, T. W. (1989). Stable carbon isotopes in terrestrial ecosystem research. In “Stable Isotopes in Ecological Research” (Rundel, P. W. Ehleringer, J. R., and Nagy, K. A., Eds.), pp. 167195. Springer-Verlag, New York.
West, L. T. Drees, L. R. Wilding, L. P., and Rabenhorst, M. C. (1988). Differentiation of pedogenic and lithogenic carbonate forms in Texas. Geoderma 43, 271287.
Yurtsever, Y., and Gat, J. R. (1981). Atmospheric waters. In “Stable Isotope Hydrology: Deuterium and Oxygen-18 in the Water Cycle” (Gat, J. R. and Gonflantini, R., Eds.), pp. 103142. International Atomic Energy Agency, Vienna.
Recommend this journal

Email your librarian or administrator to recommend adding this journal to your organisation's collection.

Quaternary Research
  • ISSN: 0033-5894
  • EISSN: 1096-0287
  • URL: /core/journals/quaternary-research
Please enter your name
Please enter a valid email address
Who would you like to send this to? *
×

Metrics

Full text views

Total number of HTML views: 0
Total number of PDF views: 1 *
Loading metrics...

Abstract views

Total abstract views: 75 *
Loading metrics...

* Views captured on Cambridge Core between 20th January 2017 - 14th August 2018. This data will be updated every 24 hours.