Skip to main content
×
Home
    • Aa
    • Aa

Tripartite climate reversal in Central Europe 5600–5300 years ago

  • Michel Magny (a1), Urs Leuzinger (a2), Sigmar Bortenschlager (a3) and Jean Nicolas Haas
Abstract
Abstract

The history of variations in water level of Lake Constance, as reconstructed from sediment and pollen analysis of a sediment sequence from the archaeological site of Arbon-Bleiche 3, shows an abrupt rise in lake level dendrochronologically dated to 5375 yr ago (5320 yr relative to AD 1950). This event, paralleled by the destruction of the Neolithic village by fire, provoked the abandonment of this prehistoric lake-shore location established in the former shallow bay of Arbon-Bleiche, and was the last of a series of three episodes of successively higher lake level, the first occurring at 5600–5500 cal yr B.P. The dendrochronologically dated rise event was synchronous with an abrupt increase in atmospheric 14C. This supports the hypothesis of an abrupt climate change forced by varying solar activity. Moreover, the three successive episodes of higher lake level between 5600 and 5300 cal yr B.P. at Arbon-Bleiche 3 coincided with climatic cooling and/or changes in moisture conditions in various regions of both hemispheres. This period corresponds to the mid-Holocene climate transition (onset of the Neoglaciation) and suggests inter-hemispheric linkages for the climate variations recorded at Arbon-Bleiche 3. This mid-Holocene climate reversal may have resulted from complex interactions between changes in orbital forcing, ocean circulation and solar activity. Finally, despite different seasonal hydrological regimes, the similarities between lake-level records from Lake Constance and from Jurassian lakes over the mid-Holocene period point to time scale as a crucial factor in considering the possible impact of climate change on environments.

Copyright
Corresponding author
* Corresponding author. Fax: +33 3 81 66 65 68.E-mail address: michel.magny@univ-fcomte.fr(M. Magny).
Linked references
Hide All

This list contains references from the content that can be linked to their source. For a full set of references and notes please see the PDF or HTML where available.

Ö. Akeret , J.N. Haas , U. Leuzinger , S. Jacomet , (1999). Plant macrofossils and pollen in goat/sheep faeces from the Neolithic lake-shore settlement Arbon-Bleiche 3, Switzerland. Holocene 9, 175182.

A.A. Andreev , P.E. Tarasov , C. Siegert , T. Ebel , V.A. Klimanov , M. Melles , A.A. Bobrov , Y.A. Deregiavin , D.J. Lubinski , H.W. Hubberten , (2003). Late Pleistocene and Holocene vegetation and climate on the northern Taymyr Peninsula, Arctic Russia. Boreas 32, 484505.

J.T. Andrews , J. Giraudeau , (2003). Multi-proxy records showing significant Holocene environmental variability: the inner N. Iceland shelf (Hunafloi). Quaternary Science Reviews 22, 175193.

H.W. Arz , F. Lamy , J. Pätzold , P.J. Müller , M. Prins , (2003). Mediterranean moisture source for an early-Holocene Humid Period in the Northern Red Sea. Science 300, 118121.

M. Bar-Matthews , A. Ayalon , A. Kaufman , G.J. Wasserburg , (1999). The Eastern Mediterranean paleoclimate as a reflection of regional events: Soreq Cave, Israël. Earth and Planetary Science Letters 166, 8595.

C. Baroni , G. Orombelli , (1996). The Alpine ≪ Iceman ≫ and Holocene climatic change. Quaternary Research 46, 7883.

J.B. Benedict , (1973). Chronology of cirque glaciation, Colorado front range. Quaternary Research 3, 584599.

G.G. Bianchi , I.N. McCave , (1999). Holocene periodicity in North Atlantic climate and deep-ocean flow south of Iceland. Nature 397, 515517.

M. Blaauw , B. van Geel , J. van der Plicht , (2004). Solar forcing of climate change during the mid-Holocene: indications from raised bogs in the Netherlands. The Holocene 14, 3544.

T. Blunier , J. Chapellaz , J. Schwander , B. Stauffer , D. Raynaud , (1995). Variations in atmospheric methane concentration during the Holocene epoch. Nature 374, 4649.

G. Bond , W. Showers , M. Cheseby , R. Lotti , P. Almasi , P. de Menocal , P. Priore , H. Cullen , I. Hajdas , G. Bonani , (1997). A pervasive millennial-scale cycle in North Atlantic Holocene and Glacial climates. Science 278, 12571266.

G. Bond , B. Kromer , J. Beer , R. Muscheler , M.N. Evans , W. Showers , S. Hoffmann , R. Lotti-Bond , I. Hajdas , G. Bonani , (2001). Persistent solar influence on North Atlantic climate during the Holocene. Science 294, 21302136.

J.P. Bradbury , W.E. Dean , R.Y. Anderson , (1993). Holocene climatic and limnologic history of the north-central United States as recorded on varved sediments of Elk Lake, Minnesota: a synthesis. Geological Society of America, Special Paper 276, 309328.

E. Calvo , J. Grimalt , E. Jansen , (2002). High resolution Uk/37 sea surface temperature reconstruction in the Norwegian sea during the Holocene. Quaternary Science Reviews 21, 13851394.

J.S. Carrion , (2002). Patterns and processes of Late Quaternary environmental change in a montane region of southwestern Europe. Quaternary Science Reviews 21, 20472066.

F. Chalié , F. Gasse , (2002). Late-Glacial–Holocene diatom record of water chemistry and lake-level change from the tropical East African Rift Lake Abiyata (Ethiopa). Palaeogeography, Palaeoclimatology, Palaeoecology 187, 259283.

F.M. Chambers , M.I. Ogle , J.J. Blackford , (1999). Palaeovironmental evidence for solar forcing of Holocene climate: linkages to solar science. Progress in Physical Geography 23, 181204.

D. Dahl-Jensen , K. Monsegaard , N. Gundestrup , G.D. Clow , S.J. Johnsen , A.W. Hansen , N. Bailing , (1998). Past temperatures directly from the Greenland ice sheet. Science 282, 268271.

B. Damnati , (2000). Holocene lake records in the Northern Hemisphere of Africa. Journal of African Earth Science 31, 253262.

P. DeMenocal , J. Ortiz , T. Guilderson , J. Adkins , M. Sarnthein , L. Baker , M. Yarusinsky , (2000). Abrupt onset and termination of the African humid period: rapid climate responses to gradual insolation forcing. Quaternary Science Reviews 19, 347361.

G.H. Denton , W. Karlén , (1973). Holocene climatic variations: their pattern and possible cause. Quaternary Research 3, 155205.

G. Digerfeldt , (1988). Reconstruction and regional correlation of Holocene lake-level fluctuations in lake Bysjön, South Sweden. Boreas 17, 165182.

R.C. Finkel , K. Nishiizumi , (1997). Beryllium 10 concentrations in the Greenland Ice Sheet Project 2 ice core from 3–40 ka. Journal of Geophysical Research 102, 2669926706.

S.J. Fowell , B.C.S. Hansen , J.A. Peck , P. Khosbayar , E. Ganboed , (2003). Mid to late Holocene climate evolution of the Lake Telmen Basin, North Central Mongolia, based on palynological data. Quaternary Research 59, 353363.

F. Gasse , M. Arnold , J.C. Fontes , M. Fort , E. Gibert , A. Huc , L. Bingyan , L. Yuanfang , L. Qing , F. Mélières , E. Van Campo , W. Fubao , Z. Qingsong , (1991). A 13,000 year climate record from western Tibet. Nature 353, 742745.

F. Gasse , J.C. Fontes , E. Van Campo , K. Wei , (1996). Holocene environmental changes in Bangong Co basin (Western Tibet). Part 4: discussion and conclusions. Palaeogeography, Palaeoclimatology, Palaeoecology 120, 7992.

J.M. Grove , (1988). The Little Ice Age. Methuen, London.

J.N. Haas , (1996). Neorhabdocoela oocytes-palaeoecological indicators found in pollen preparations from Holocene freshwater lake sediments. Review of Palaeobotany and Palynology 91, 371382.

J.N. Haas , I. Richoz , W. Tinner , L. Wick , (1998). Synchronous Holocene climatic oscillations recorded on the Swiss Plateau and at timberline in the Alps. The Holocene 8, 301304.

S.P. Harrison , I.C. Prentice , J. Guiot , (1993). Climatic controls on Holocene lake-level changes in Europe. Climate Dynamics 8, 189200.

M. Heikkikä , H. Seppä , (2003). A 11,000 yr palaeotemperature reconstruction from the southern boreal zone in Finland. Quaternary Science Reviews 22, 541554.

C.J. Heusser , (1998). Deglacial paleoclimate of the American sector of the Southern Ocean: Late Glacial–Holocene records from the latitude of Canal Beagle (55°S), Argentine Tierra del Fuego. Palaeogeography, Palaeoclimatology, Palaeoecology 141, 277301.

C. Hjort , O. Ingolfsson , P. Müller , J.M. Lirio , (1997). Holocene glacial history and sea-level changes on James Ross Island, Antarctic. Journal of Quaternary Science 12, 259273.

D.A. Hodell , S.L. Kanfoush , A. Shemesh , X. Crosta , C.D. Charles , T.P. Guilderson , (2001). Abrupt cooling of Antarctic surface waters and sea ice expansion in the South Atlantic sector of the Southern Ocean at 5000 cal yr BP. Quaternary Research 56, 191198.

A. Hormes , B.U. Müller , C. Schlüchter , (2001). The Alps with little ice: evidence for eight Holocene phases of reduced glacier extent in the Central Swiss Alps. The Holocene 11, 255265.

P.D.M. Hughes , D. Mauquoy , K.E. Barber , P.G. Langdon , (2000). Mire-development pathways and palaeoclimatic records from a full Holocene peat archive at Walton Moss, Cumbria, England. The Holocene 10, 465479.

A.E. Jennings , K.L. Knudsen , M. Hald , V. Hansen , J.T. Andrews , (2002). A mid-Holocene shift in Arctic sea-ice variability on the East Greenland Shelf. The Holocene 12, 4958.

A. Jerardino , (1995). Late Holocene Neoglacial episodes in southern South America and southern Africa: a comparison. The Holocene 5, 361368.

L.D. Keigwin , (1996). The little ice age and medieval warm period in the Sargasso Sea. Science 274, 15041508.

M.E. Kirby , H.T. Mullins , W.P. Patterson , A.W. Burnett , (2002). Late Glacial–Holocene atmospheric circulation and precipitation in the northeast United States inferred from modern calibrated stable oxygen and carbon isotopes. GSA Bulletin 114, 13261340.

M.P. Kirkbride , A.J. Dugmore , (2001). Timing and significance of mid-Holocene glacier advances in northern and central Iceland. Journal of Quaternary Science 16, 145153.

W. Kutschera , W. Müller , (2003). “Isotope language” of the Alpine Iceman investigated with AMS and MS. Nuclear Instruments and Methods in Physics Research B 204, 705719.

F. Lamy , C. Rühlemann , D. Hebbeln , G. Wefer , (2002). High- and low-latitude climate control on the position of the southern Peru-Chile Current during the Holocene. Paleoceanography 17, 16/116/10.

P.G. Langdon , K.E. Barber , P.D.M. Hughes , (2003). A 7500-evidence year peat-based palaeoclimatic reconstruction and for an 1100-year cyclicity in bog surface wetness from Temple Hill Moss, Pentland Hills, southeast Scotland. Quaternary Science Reviews 22, 259274.

M. Magny , (1992). Holocene lake-level fluctuations in Jura and the northern subalpine ranges. France: regional pattern and climatic implications. Boreas 21, 319334.

M. Magny , (1993). Solar influences on Holocene climatic changes illustrated by correlations between past lake-level fluctuations and the atmospheric 14C record. Quaternary Research 40, 19.

M. Magny , (1999). Lake-level fluctuations in the Jura and French subalpine ranges associated with ice-rafting events in the North Atlantic and variations in the polar atmospheric circulation. Quaternaire 10, 6164.

M. Magny , (2004). Holocene climatic variability as reflected by mid-European lake-level fluctuations, and its probable impact on prehistoric human settlements. Quaternary International 113, 6579.

M. Magny , J.N. Haas , (2004). A major widespread climatic change around 5300 cal. Yr BP at the time of the Alpine Iceman. Journal of Quaternary Science 19, 423430.

M. Magny , J. Guiot , P. Schoellammer , (2001). Quantitative reconstruction of Younger Dryas to mid-Holocene paleoclimates at Le Locle, Swiss Jura, using pollen and lake-level data. Quaternary Research 56, 170180.

M. Magny , C. Bégeot , J. Guiot , A. Marguet , Y. Billaud , (2003). Reconstruction and palaeoclimatic interpretation of mid-Holocene vegetation and lake-level changes at Saint-Jorioz, lake Annecy, French Pre-Alps. The Holocene 13, 265275.

V. Masson , F. Vimeux , J. Jouzel , V. Morgan , M. Delmotte , P. Ciais , C. Hammer , S. Johnsen , V.Y. Lipenkov , E. Mosley-Thompson , J.R. Petit , E.J. Steig , M. Stievenard , R. Vaikmae , (2000). Holocene climate variability in Antarctica based on 11 ice-core isotopic records. Quaternary Research 54, 348358.

P.A. Mayewski , L.D. Meeker , M.S. Twickler , S. Whitlow , Q. Yang , M. Prentice , (1997). Major features and forcing of high latitude northern hemispheric atmospheric circulation using a 110 000 year long glaciochemical series. Journal of Geophysical Research 102, 2634526366.

J.H. Mercer , (1976). Glacial history of southermost South America. Quaternary Research 6, 125166.

C. Morrill , J.T. Overpeck , J.E. Cole , (2003). A synthesis of abrupt changes in the Asian summer monsoon since the last deglaciation. The Holocene 13, 465476.

H.T. Mullins , J.D. Halfman , (2001). High-resolution seismic reflection evidence for middle Holocene environmental change, Owasco Lake, New York. Quaternary Research 55, 322331.

R. Muscheler , J. Beer , G. Wagner , R.G. Finkel , (2000). Changes in deep-water formation during the Younger Dryas event inferred from 10Be and 14C records. Nature 408, 567570.

A. Nesje , J.A. Matthews , S.O. Dahl , M.S. Berrisford , C. Andersson , (2001). Holocene glacier fluctuations of Flatebreen and winter-precipitation changes in the Jostedalsbreen region, western Norway, based on glaciolacustrine sediment records. The Holocene 11, 267280.

K. Nicolussi , G. Patzelt , (2000). Discovery of early-Holocene wood and peat on the forefield of the Pasterze Glacier, Eastern Alps, Austria. The Holocene 10, 191199.

P.E. Noon , M.J. Leng , V.J. Jones , (2003). Oxygen-isotope (d18O) evidence of Holocene hydrological changes at Signy Island, maritime Antarctica. The Holocene 13, 251263.

W. Oppo , J.F. McManus , J.L. Cullen , (2003). Deepwater variability in the Holocene epoch. Nature 422, 277278.

S.C. Porter , (2000). Onset of neoglaciation in the Southern hemisphere. Journal of Quaternary Science 15, 395408.

S.C. Porter , G. Orombelli , (1985). Glacier contraction during the middle Holocene in the western Italian Alps: evidence and implications. Geology 13, 296298.

M.A. Reasoner , P.T. Davis , G. Osborn , (2001). Evaluation of proposed early-Holocene advances of alpine glaciers in the North Cascade Range, Washington State, USA: constraints provided by palaeoenvironmental reconstructions. The Holocene 11, 607611.

B. Risebrobakken , E. Jansen , C. Andersson , E. Mjelde , K. Hevr¢y , (2003). A high-resolution study of Holocene paleoclimatic and paleoceanographic changes in the Nordic Seas. Paleoceanography 18, 17/117/14.

R.M. Rochefort , R.L. Little , A. Woodward , D.L. Peterson , (1994). Changes in sub-alpine tree distribution in western North America: a review of climatic and other causal factors. The Holocene 4, 89100.

D.T. Rodbell , G.O. Seltzer , D.M. Anderson , M.B. Abbott , D.B. Enfield , J.H. Newman , (1999). An ∼15,000 year record of El Niño-driven alluviation in southwestern Ecuador. Science 283, 516520.

G.C. Rosqvist , P. Schuber , (2003). Millennial-scale climate changes on South Georgia, Southern Ocean. Quaternary Research 59, 470475.

D.H. Sandweiss , (2003). Terminal Pleistocene trough mid-Holocene archaeological sites as palaeoclimatic archives for the Peruvian coast. Palaeogeography, Palaeoclimatology, Palaeoecology 194, 2340.

R. Schmidt , K.A. Koinig , R. Thompson , C. Kamenik , (2002). A multi proxy core study of the last 7000 years of climate and alpine land-use impacts on an Austrian mountain lake (Unterer Landschitzsee, Niedere Tauern). Palaeogeography, Palaeoclimatology, Palaeoecology 187, 101120.

F. Sirocko , M. Sarnthein , H. Erlenkeuser , H. Lange , M. Arnold , J.C. Duplessy , (1993). Century-scale events in monsoonal climate over the past 24,000 years. Nature 364, 322324.

N. Solovieva , V.J. Jones , (2002). A multiproxy record of Holocene environmental changes in the central Kola Peninsula, northwest Russia. Journal of Quaternary Science 17, 303318.

E. Steig , (1999). Mid-Holocene climate change. Science 286, 14851486.

F.A. Street-Perott , R.A. Perrott , (1990). Abrupt climate fluctuations in the tropics: the influence of Atlantic Ocean Circulation. Nature 343, 607612.

M. Stuiver , P.J. Reimer , E. Bard , J.W. Beck , G.S. Burr , K.A. Hughen , B. Kromer , G. McCormac , J. van der Plicht , M. Spurk , (1998). Intcal98 radiocarbon age calibration, 24 000–0 cal BP. Radiocarbon 40, 10411083.

J.I. Svendsen , J. Mangerud , (1997). Holocene glacial and climatic variations on Spitsbergen, Svalbard. The Holocene 7, 4557.

L.G. Thompson , E. Mosley-Thompson , M.E. Davis , P.N. Lin , K.A. Henderson , J. Cole Dai , J.F. Bolzan , K.B. Liu , (1995). Late Glacial Stage and Holocene tropical ice core records from Huascaran, Peru. Science 269, 4650.

L.G. Thompson , E. Mosley-Thompson , M.E. Davis , K.A. Henderson , H.H. Brecher , V.S. Zagorodnov , T.A. Mashiotta , P.-N. Lin , V.N. Mikhalenko , D.R. Hardy , J. Beer , (2002). Kilimanjaro ice core records: evidence of Holocene climate change in Tropical Africa. Science 298, 589593.

W. Tinner , J.-P. Theurillat , (2003). Uppermost limit, extent and fluctuations of the timberline and treeline ecocline in the Swiss central Alps during the past 11 500 years. Arctic, Antarctic and Alpne Research 35, 158169.

M. Väliranta , A. Kaakinen , P. Kuhry , (2003). Holocene climate and landscape evolution East of the Pechora delta, east-European Russian Arctic. Quaternary Research 59, 335344.

B. van Geel , J. Buurman , H.T. Waterbolk , (1996). Archaeological and palaeoecological indications of an abrupt climate change in The Netherlands, and evidence for climatological teleconnections around 2650 BP. Journal of Quaternary Science 11, 451460.

G. Wagner , H.G. Schröder , J. Gurtz , (2002). A model approach for in and outflow calculation of Upper Lake Constance—an investigation of a 60 about the flood of 1999. Limnologica 32, 2732.

G. Wenzens , (1999). Fluctuations of outlet and valley glaciers in the Southern Andes (Argentina) during the past 13,000 years. Quaternary Research 51, 238247.

M. Wessels , (1998). Natural environmental changes indicated by Late Glacial and Holocene sediments from Lake Constance, Germany. Palaeogeography, Palaeoclimatology, Palaeoecology 140, 421432.

S.B. Young , K.E. Schofield , (1973). Pollen evidence for late-Quaternary climate changes on Kerguelen Islands. 2000. Nature 245, 311312.

Recommend this journal

Email your librarian or administrator to recommend adding this journal to your organisation's collection.

Quaternary Research
  • ISSN: 0033-5894
  • EISSN: 1096-0287
  • URL: /core/journals/quaternary-research
Please enter your name
Please enter a valid email address
Who would you like to send this to? *
×

Keywords:

Metrics

Abstract views

Total abstract views: 19 *
Loading metrics...

* Views captured on Cambridge Core between 20th January 2017 - 28th June 2017. This data will be updated every 24 hours.