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Radiocarbon Dating of the Decorated Cosquer Cave (France)

  • H Valladas (a1), A Quiles (a1) (a2), M Delque-Kolic (a3), E Kaltnecker (a1), C Moreau (a3), E Pons-Branchu (a1), L Vanrell (a4), M Olive (a5) and X Delestre (a5)...
Abstract
Abstract

The Grotte Cosquer (southeastern France) is a Paleolithic painted cave only accessible by a deep-water dive. The cave has yielded numerous Paleolithic engravings and drawings, which were produced from wood charcoal. This article presents new radiocarbon dates obtained on samples collected in 2012 directly on 17 parietal representations and at the soil surface, and discusses the 14C results obtained since the discovery of the cave in 1992. A total of 41 samples were dated with ages ranging from 33,000 to 20,000 cal BP. They show that the cave was intermittently decorated over about 10,000 yr.

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*Corresponding author. Email:helene.valladas@lsce.ipsl.fr.
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Selected Papers from the 2015 Radiocarbon Conference, Dakar, Senegal, 16–20 November 2015

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This list contains references from the content that can be linked to their source. For a full set of references and notes please see the PDF or HTML where available.

M Arnold , E Bard , P Maurice , JC Duplessy . 1987. 14C dating with the Gif-sur-Yvette Tandetron accelerator: status report. Nuclear Instruments and Methods in Physics Research B 29(1–2):120123.

RJ Batten , R Gillespie , JAJ Gowlett , REM Hedges . 1986. The AMS dating of separate fractions in archaeology. Radiocarbon 28(2A):698701.

C Bronk Ramsey . 2009. Bayesian analysis of radiocarbon dates. Radiocarbon 51(1):337360.

J Clottes , A Beltran , J Courtin , H Cosquer . 1992a. La grotte Cosquer (Cap Morgiou, Marseille). Bulletin Société Préhistorique Française 89(4):98128.

J Clottes , J Courtin , H Valladas , H Cachier , N Mercier , M Arnold . 1992b. La grotte Cosquer datée. Bulletin Société Préhistorique Française 89(8):230234.

J Clottes , J Courtin , J Collina-Girard , M Arnold , H Valladas . 1997. News from Cosquer Cave; climatic studies, recording, sampling, dates. Antiquity 71(272):321326.

E Cottereau , M Arnold , C Moreau , D Baqué , D Bavay , I Caffy , C Comby , J-P Dumoulin , S Hain , M Perron , J Salomon , V Setti . 2007. Artemis, the new 14C AMS at LMC14 in Saclay, France. Radiocarbon 49(2):291299.

E Pons-Branchu , E Douville , M Roy-Barman , E Dumont , E Branchu , F Thil , N Frank , L Bordier , W Borst . 2014. A geochemical perspective on Parisian urban history based on U-Th dating, laminae counting and yttrium and REE concentrations of recent carbonates in underground aqueducts. Quaternary Geochronology 24:4453.

A Quiles , H Valladas , H Bocherens , E Delqué-Količ , E Kaltnecker , J van der Plicht , JJ Delannoy , V Feruglio , C Fritz , J Monney , M Philippe , G Tosello , J Clottes , JM Geneste . 2016. First high-precision chronological model for the decorated Upper Paleolithic cave of Chauvet-Pont d’Arc, Ardèche, France. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the USA 113(17):46704675.

PJ Reimer , E Bard , A Bayliss , JW Beck , PG Blackwell , C Bronk Ramsey , PM Grootes , TP Guilderson , H Haflidason , I Hajdas , C Hatté , TJ Heaton , DL Hoffmann , AG Hogg , KA Hughen , KF Kaiser , B Kromer , SW Manning , M Niu , RW Reimer , DA Richards , EM Scott , JR Southon , RA Staff , CSM Turney , J van der Plicht . 2013. IntCal13 and Marine13 radiocarbon age calibration curves 0–50,000 years cal BP. Radiocarbon 55(4):18691887.

H Valladas , N Tisnerat-Laborde , H Cachier , M Arnold , F Bernaldo de Quiros , V Cabrera-Valdes , J Clottes , J Courtin , J Fortea-Perez , C Gonzales-Sainz , A Moure-Romanillo . 2001. Radiocarbon AMS dates for Paleolithic cave paintings. Radiocarbon 43(2B):977986.

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Radiocarbon
  • ISSN: 0033-8222
  • EISSN: 1945-5755
  • URL: /core/journals/radiocarbon
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