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  • Cited by 7
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    This article has been cited by the following publications. This list is generated based on data provided by CrossRef.

    Eshleman, Andrew 2016. The afterlife: beyond belief. International Journal for Philosophy of Religion,

    Deng, Natalja 2015. Religion for naturalists. International Journal for Philosophy of Religion, Vol. 78, Issue. 2, p. 195.

    Vanney, Claudia E. 2015. IS QUANTUM INDETERMINISM REAL? THEOLOGICAL IMPLICATIONS. Zygon®, Vol. 50, Issue. 3, p. 736.

    Berardini, Sergio Fabio 2014. Indeterminacy and ritual symbol. Philosophical remarks on Ernesto De Martino’sThe Land of Remorse. International Journal of Philosophy and Theology, Vol. 75, Issue. 4, p. 332.

    Sanders, Luk 2013. The strange belief of Alexis de Tocqueville: Christianity as philosophy. International Journal of Philosophy and Theology, Vol. 74, Issue. 1, p. 33.

    Kroon, Frederick 2011. Fictionalism in Metaphysics. Philosophy Compass, Vol. 6, Issue. 11, p. 786.

    Harrison, Victoria S. 2010. Philosophy of religion, fictionalism, and religious diversity. International Journal for Philosophy of Religion, Vol. 68, Issue. 1-3, p. 43.


A critique of religious fictionalism

  • DOI:
  • Published online: 01 January 2010

Andrew Eshleman has argued that atheists can believe in God by being fully engaged members of religious communities and using religious discourse in a non-realist way. He calls this position ‘fictionalism’ because the atheist takes up religion as a useful fiction. In this paper I critique fictionalism along two lines: that it is problematic to successfully be a fictionalist and that fictionalism is unjustified. Reflection on fictionalism will point to some wider problems with religious anti-realism.

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Andrew Eshleman Can an atheist believe in God?’, Religious Studies, 41 (2005), 183199.

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Religious Studies
  • ISSN: 0034-4125
  • EISSN: 1469-901X
  • URL: /core/journals/religious-studies
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