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  • Cited by 4
  • Cited by
    This article has been cited by the following publications. This list is generated based on data provided by CrossRef.

    De Florio, Ciro and Frigerio, Aldo 2016. A Note on Eternity. Topoi,

    De Florio, Ciro and Frigerio, Aldo 2015. In defense of the timeless solution to the problem of human free will and divine foreknowledge. International Journal for Philosophy of Religion, Vol. 78, Issue. 1, p. 5.

    Arbour, Benjamin H. 2013. Future freedom and the fixity of truth: closing the road to limited foreknowledge open theism. International Journal for Philosophy of Religion, Vol. 73, Issue. 3, p. 189.

    JOHNSON, DAVID KYLE 2009. God, fatalism, and temporal ontology. Religious Studies, Vol. 45, Issue. 04, p. 435.


The necessity of the present and Anselm's eternalist response to the problem of theological fatalism

  • DOI:
  • Published online: 15 January 2007

It is often argued that the eternalist solution to the freedom/foreknowledge dilemma fails. If God's knowledge of your choices is eternally fixed, your choices are necessary and cannot be free. Anselm of Canterbury proposes an eternalist view which entails that all of time is equally real and truly present to God. God's knowledge of your choices entails only a ‘consequent’ necessity which does not conflict with libertarian freedom. I argue this by showing that if consequent necessity does conflict with libertarian freedom then God's knowledge in the present would conflict with the freedom of a present choice. Absurd.

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Religious Studies
  • ISSN: 0034-4125
  • EISSN: 1469-901X
  • URL: /core/journals/religious-studies
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