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Universe Indexed Properties and the Fate of the Ontological Argument

  • James F. Sennett (a1)


If the contemporary rebirth of the ontological argument had its conception in Norman Malcolm's discovery of a second Anselmian argument ([2]) it had its full-term delivery as a healthy philosophical progeny with Alvin Plantinga's sophisticated modal version presented in the tenth chapter of The Nature of Necessity ([8]). This latter argument has been the centre of a huge body of literature over the last fifteen years, and deservedly so. One is impressed that this version of Anselm's jewel is valid and sound if any is.



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[1]Mackie, John. The Miracle of Theism. Oxford: Clarendon Press, 1982.
[2]Norman, Malcolm. ‘Anseim';s Ontological Arguments’. Philosophical Review, lxix (1960), 4162.
[3]Plantinga, Alvin. ‘De Essentia’, in Essays on the Philosophy of Roderick M. Chisholm, Sosa, Ernest, ed. Amsterdam: Rodopi, 1979. Pp. 101–21.
[4]Plantinga, Alvin. God and Other Minds. Ithaca: Cornell University Press, 1967.
[5]Plantinga, Alvin. God, Freedom, and Evil. Grand Rapids: William B. Eerdmans, 1974.
[6]Plantinga, Alvin. ‘Is Theism Really a Miracle?’, Faith and Philosophy, iii (1986), 109–34.
[7]Plantinga, Alvin. ‘On Existentialism’, Philosophical Studies, xliv (1983), 120.
[8]Plantinga, Alvin. The Nature of Necessity. Oxford: Oxford University Press, 1974.
[9]Plantinga, Alvin. ‘Reply to John L. Pollock’, in Alvin Plantinga, Tomberlin, James and Inwagen, Peter van, eds. Dordrecht: D. Reidel Publishing Company, 1985.Pp. 121–44.
[10]Plantinga, Alvin. ‘Self Profile’, in Alvin Plantinga, Tomberlin, James and Inwagen, Peter van, eds. Dordrecht: D. Reidel Publishing Company, 1985. Pp. 397.
[11]Sennett, James. ‘God and Possible Worlds: On What There Must Be’, Southern Journal of Philosophy, xxvii (1989), 285–97.
[12]Sennett, James. ‘Modality, Probability, and Rationality: A Critical Examination of Alvin Plantinga's Philosophy’, Ph.D. diss., University of Nebraska – Lincoln, 1990.
[13]Peter, van Inwagen. ‘Ontological Arguments’, Nous xi (1977), 375–95.
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Religious Studies
  • ISSN: 0034-4125
  • EISSN: 1469-901X
  • URL: /core/journals/religious-studies
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