Bietila, Eric Silva, Erin M. Pfeiffer, Anne C. and Colquhoun, Jed B. 2016. Fall-sown cover crops as mulches for weed suppression in organic small-scale diversified vegetable production. Renewable Agriculture and Food Systems, p. 1.
Cooper, Julia Baranski, Marcin Stewart, Gavin Nobel-de Lange, Majimcha Bàrberi, Paolo Fließbach, Andreas Peigné, Josephine Berner, Alfred Brock, Christopher Casagrande, Marion Crowley, Oliver David, Christophe De Vliegher, Alex Döring, Thomas F. Dupont, Aurélien Entz, Martin Grosse, Meike Haase, Thorsten Halde, Caroline Hammerl, Verena Huiting, Hilfred Leithold, Günter Messmer, Monika Schloter, Michael Sukkel, Wijnand van der Heijden, Marcel G. A. Willekens, Koen Wittwer, Raphaël and Mäder, Paul 2016. Shallow non-inversion tillage in organic farming maintains crop yields and increases soil C stocks: a meta-analysis. Agronomy for Sustainable Development, Vol. 36, Issue. 1,
Halde, Caroline and Entz, Martin H. 2016. Plant species and mulch application rate affected decomposition of cover crop mulches used in organic rotational no-till systems. Canadian Journal of Plant Science, Vol. 96, Issue. 1, p. 59.
Jabbour, Randa Pisani-Gareau, Tara Smith, Richard G. Mullen, Christina and Barbercheck, Mary 2016. Cover crop and tillage intensities alter ground-dwelling arthropod communities during the transition to organic production. Renewable Agriculture and Food Systems, Vol. 31, Issue. 04, p. 361.
Jokela, Dana and Nair, Ajay 2016. Effects of reduced tillage and fertilizer application method on plant growth, yield, and soil health in organic bell pepper production. Soil and Tillage Research, Vol. 163, p. 243.
Zhao, Zi-Hua Reddy, Gadi V.P. Hui, Cang and Li, Bai-Lian 2016. Approaches and mechanisms for ecologically based pest management across multiple scales. Agriculture, Ecosystems & Environment, Vol. 230, p. 199.
Dorn, B Jossi, W van der Heijden, M G A and Zwerger, Peter 2015. Weed suppression by cover crops: comparative on-farm experiments under integrated and organic conservation tillage. Weed Research, Vol. 55, Issue. 6, p. 586.
Giller, Ken E. Andersson, Jens A. Corbeels, Marc Kirkegaard, John Mortensen, David Erenstein, Olaf and Vanlauwe, Bernard 2015. Beyond conservation agriculture. Frontiers in Plant Science, Vol. 6,
Halde, Caroline Bamford, Keith C. and Entz, Martin H. 2015. Crop agronomic performance under a six-year continuous organic no-till system and other tilled and conventionally-managed systems in the northern Great Plains of Canada. Agriculture, Ecosystems & Environment, Vol. 213, p. 121.
Lounsbury, Natalie P. and Weil, Ray R. 2015. No-till seeded spinach after winterkilled cover crops in an organic production system. Renewable Agriculture and Food Systems, Vol. 30, Issue. 05, p. 473.
Teasdale, John R. and Mirsky, Steven B. 2015. Tillage and Planting Date Effects on Weed Dormancy, Emergence, and Early Growth in Organic Corn. Weed Science, Vol. 63, Issue. 2, p. 477.
Halde, Caroline and Entz, Martin H. 2014. Flax (Linum usitatissimum L.) production system performance under organic rotational no-till and two organic tilled systems in a cool subhumid continental climate. Soil and Tillage Research, Vol. 143, p. 145.
Schipanski, M.E. Smith, R.G. Gareau, T.L. Pisani Jabbour, R. Lewis, D.B. Barbercheck, M.E. Mortensen, D.A. and Kaye, J.P. 2014. Multivariate relationships influencing crop yields during the transition to organic management. Agriculture, Ecosystems & Environment, Vol. 189, p. 119.
Wells, M. Scott Reberg-Horton, S. Chris and Mirsky, Steven B. 2014. Cultural Strategies for Managing Weeds and Soil Moisture in Cover Crop Based No-Till Soybean Production. Weed Science, Vol. 62, Issue. 3, p. 501.
Williams, Martin M. 2014. A bioenergy feedstock/vegetable double-cropping system. Industrial Crops and Products, Vol. 59, p. 223.
Canali, Stefano Campanelli, Gabriele Ciaccia, Corrado Leteo, Fabrizio Testani, Elena and Montemurro, Francesco 2013. Conservation tillage strategy based on the roller crimper technology for weed control in Mediterranean vegetable organic cropping systems. European Journal of Agronomy, Vol. 50, p. 11.
Carr, Patrick Gramig, Greta and Liebig, Mark 2013. Impacts of Organic Zero Tillage Systems on Crops, Weeds, and Soil Quality. Sustainability, Vol. 5, Issue. 7, p. 3172.
Carr, Patrick M. Horsley, Richard D. Gunderson, Jeffrey J. Winch, Timothy J. and Martin, Glenn B. 2013. Weed growth and crop performance following hairy vetch, rye, and wheat cover crops in a cool semiarid region. Organic Agriculture, Vol. 3, Issue. 3-4, p. 149.
Légère, Anne Shirtliffe, Steven J. Vanasse, Anne and Gulden, Robert H. 2013. Extreme Grain-Based Cropping Systems: When Herbicide-Free Weed Management Meets Conservation Tillage in Northern Climates. Weed Technology, Vol. 27, Issue. 1, p. 204.
Mirsky, Steven B. Ryan, Matthew R. Teasdale, John R. Curran, William S. Reberg-Horton, Chris S. Spargo, John T. Wells, M. Scott Keene, Clair L. and Moyer, Jeff W. 2013. Overcoming Weed Management Challenges in Cover Crop–Based Organic Rotational No-Till Soybean Production in the Eastern United States. Weed Technology, Vol. 27, Issue. 1, p. 193.
Organic producers in the mid-Atlantic region of the USA are interested in reducing tillage, labor and time requirements for grain production. Cover crop-based, organic rotational no-till grain production is one approach to accomplish these goals. This approach is becoming more viable with advancements in a system for planting crops into cover crop residue flattened by a roller–crimper. However, inability to consistently control weeds, particularly perennial weeds, is a major constraint. Cover crop biomass can be increased by manipulating seeding rate, timing of planting and fertility to achieve levels (>8000 kg ha−1) necessary for suppressing summer annual weeds. However, while cover crops are multi-functional tools, when enhancing performance for a given function there are trade-off with other functions. While cover crop management is required for optimal system performance, integration into a crop rotation becomes a critical challenge to the overall success of the production system. Further, high levels of cover crop biomass can constrain crop establishment by reducing optimal seed placement, creating suitable habitat for seed- and seedling-feeding herbivores, and impeding placement of supplemental fertilizers. Multi-institutional and -disciplinary teams have been working in the mid-Atlantic region to address system constraints and management trade-off challenges. Here, we report on past and current research on cover crop-based organic rotational no-till grain production conducted in the mid-Atlantic region.
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