Skip to main content Accesibility Help
×
×
Home

Introduction of floating gardening in the north-eastern wetlands of Bangladesh for nutritional security and sustainable livelihood

  • Haseeb Md. Irfanullah (a1), Ahana Adrika (a1), Abdul Ghani (a2), Zakir Ahmed Khan (a3) and Md. Abdur Rashid (a2)...
Abstract

Floating gardening is a form of hydroponics or soil-less culture. It is an age-old practice of crop cultivation in the floodplains of southern Bangladesh, where aquatic plants such as water hyacinth (Eichhornia crassipes) are used to construct floating platforms on which seedlings are raised and vegetables and other crops cultivated in the rainy season. The platform residue is used in the preparation of beds for winter vegetable gardening. Floating gardening was introduced in 2006 on a pilot-scale in the north-east wetlands of the country, as a contribution to food security and as a supplementary income for the marginalized community. The overall experience of floating cultivation in three selected villages was encouraging. Local people became aware of this new farming system and their level of knowledge improved. Communities were mobilized into groups to make floating platforms, and platform residues were later used to establish winter gardens. Cultivation was successful on both types of plot, and vegetables were both consumed by the producers and sold in the market. The input–output analysis revealed floating gardening to be a feasible alternative livelihood option for the wetland dwellers. The method provided targeted landless people with parcels of land in the monsoon, enabling them to grow vegetables. Floating gardening and associated winter gardening appear to have the potential for introduction to other parts of the world where aquatic weed management is a major problem.

Copyright
Corresponding author
*Corresponding author: hmirfanullah@yahoo.co.uk
References
Hide All
1 IUCN Bangladesh 2005. Baira: The Floating Gardens for Sustainable Livelihood. IUCN—The World Conservation Union, Bangladesh Country Office, Dhaka, Bangladesh. p. 61.
2 Haq, A.H.M.R., Ashaduzzaman, Md., and Ghosal, T.K. 2002. Soil-less Agriculture in Bangladesh. Grameen Trust, Dhaka, Bangladesh. p. 111.
3 IUCN Bangladesh 2006. Final Report: Floating Gardens (Baira) for Sustainable Livelihood in Selected Haor Areas of Bangladesh. The World Conservation Union (IUCN), Bangladesh Country Office, Dhaka, Bangladesh (unpublished).
4 Ministry of Finance 2007. Bangladesh Economic Review 2006. Available at Website: http://www.mof.gov.bd/economic/Chapter-2_B-2006.pdf (verified 7 February 2007).
5 Howard, G.W. and Matindi, S.W. 2003. Alien Invasive Species in Africas Wetlands: Some Threats and Solutions. IUCN—The World Conservation Union, the Ramsar Convention on Wetlands, and The Global Invasive Species Programme (GISP).
6 Mukhopadhyay, S.K. and Hossain, A. 1990. Management and utilization of water hyacinth vegetation as natural-resource in India for the benefit of agriculture. Indian Journal of Agronomy 35:218223.
7 Alimi, T. and Akinyemiju, O.A. 1991. Effects of water-hyacinth on water transportation in Nigeria. Journal of Aquatic Plant Management 29:109112.
8 De Groote, H., Ajuonu, O., Attignon, S., Djessou, R., and Neuenschwander, P.Economic impact of biological control of water hyacinth in Southern Benin. Ecological Economics 45:105117.
9 Albright, T.P., Moorhouse, T.G., and McNabb, J. 2004. The rise and fall of water hyacinth in Lake Victoria and the Kagera River Basin, 1989–2001. Journal of Aquatic Plant Management 42:7384.
10 Opande, G.O., Onyango, J.C., and Wagai, S.O. 2004. Lake Victoria: the water hyacinth (Eichhornia crassipes [Mart.] Solms), its socio-economic effects, control measures and resurgence in the Winam gulf. Limnologica 34:105109.
11 Williams, A.E., Duthie, H.C., and Hecky, R.E. 2005. Water hyacinth in Lake Victoria: why did it vanish so quickly and will it return? Aquatic Botany 81:300314.
12 Hill, M.P. and Cilliers, C.J. 1999. A review of the arthropod natural enemies, and factors that influence their efficacy, in the biological control of water hyacinth, Eichhornia crassipes (Mart.) Solms-Laubach (Pontederiaceae), in South Africa. African Entomology 7:103112.
13 Mbati, G. and Neuenschwander, P. 2005. Biological control of three floating water weeds, Eichhornia crassipes, Pistia stratiotes, and Salvinia molesta in the Republic of Congo. Biocontrol 50:635645.
14 Wilson, J.R.U., Rees, M., and Ajuonu, O. 2006. Population regulation of a classical biological control agent: larval density dependence in Neochetina eichhorniae (Coleoptera: Curculionidae), a biological control agent of water hyacinth Eichhornia crassipes. Bulletin of Entomological Research 96:145152.
15 Ogwang, J.A., and Molo, R. 2004. Threat of water hyacinth resurgence after a successful biological control program. Biocontrol Science and Technology 14:623626.
16 Woomer, P.L., Muzira, R., Bwamiki, D., Mutetikka, D., Amoding, A., and Bekunda, M.A. 2000. Biological management of water hyacinth waste in Uganda. Biological Agriculture and Horticulture 17:181196.
17 Ingole, N.W. and Bhole, A.G. 2002. Utilization of water hyacinth relevant in water treatment and resource recovery with special reference to India. Journal of Water Supply Research and Technology-Aqua 51:283295.
18 Sinkala, T., Mwase, E.T., and Mwala, M. 2002. Control of aquatic weeds through pollutant reduction and weed utilization: a weed management approach in the lower Kafue River of Zambia. Physics and Chemistry of the Earth 27:983991.
19 Gunnarsson, C.C. and Petersen, C.M. 2007. Water hyacinths as a resource in agriculture and energy production: a literature review. Waste Management 27:117129.
20 Murugesan, A.G., Vijayalakshmi, G.S., Sukumaran, N., and Mariappan, C. 1995. Utilization of water hyacinth for oyster mushroom cultivation. Bioresource Technology 51:9798.
21 Uchida, H. and Ando, K. 1998. Water hyacinth control program through community development approach: a case study in a Bangladesh village. Jarq-Japan Agricultural Research Quarterly 32:181186.
22 IUCN Bangladesh 2005. Approaches to Sustainable Wetland Resource Management. IUCN—The World Conservation Union, Bangladesh Country Office, Dhaka, Bangladesh. p. 88.
Recommend this journal

Email your librarian or administrator to recommend adding this journal to your organisation's collection.

Renewable Agriculture and Food Systems
  • ISSN: 1742-1705
  • EISSN: 1742-1713
  • URL: /core/journals/renewable-agriculture-and-food-systems
Please enter your name
Please enter a valid email address
Who would you like to send this to? *
×

Keywords

Metrics

Full text views

Total number of HTML views: 0
Total number of PDF views: 0 *
Loading metrics...

Abstract views

Total abstract views: 0 *
Loading metrics...

* Views captured on Cambridge Core between <date>. This data will be updated every 24 hours.

Usage data cannot currently be displayed