Skip to main content
×
Home

Is Indonesia a Model for the Arab Spring? Islam, Democracy, and Diplomacy*

  • James B. Hoesterey (a1)
Abstract

As protestors filled Tahrir Square in Cairo in January 2011, Western diplomats, academics, and political pundits were searching for the best political analogy for the promise—and problems—for the Arab Uprising. Whereas neoconservative skeptics fretted that Egypt and Tunisia might go the way of post-revolutionary Iran, Hillary Clinton and Madeleine Albright praised Indonesia's democratization as the ideal model for the Arab Spring. During her 2009 visit to Indonesia, Clinton proclaimed: “if you want to know whether Islam, democracy, modernity, and women's rights can coexist, go to Indonesia.” Certainly Indonesia of May 1998 is not Egypt of January 2011, yet some comparisons are instructive. Still reeling from the Asian financial crisis of 1997, middle class Indonesians were fed up with corruption, cronyism, and a military that operated with impunity.

Copyright
Footnotes
Hide All
*

A version of this article with a page missing appeared in Vol. 47, No. 1. A corrected version is reprinted here with a brief update by the author. RoMES regrets the error. The editor.

Footnotes
References
Hide All
Azra Azyumardi. 2004. The Origins of Islamic Reformism in Southeast Asia. Honolulu: University of Hawaii Press.
Carothers Thomas. 2011. “Egypt and Indonesia.” The New Republic, 2 February, available at http://www.newrepublic.com/article/world/82650/egypt-and-indonesia.
Harsono Andreas. 2012. “No Model for Muslim Democracy,” The New York Times, 21 May.
Hefner Robert. 2000. Civil Islam: Muslims and Democratization in Indonesia. Princeton: Princeton University Press.
Hoesterey James B. and Clark Marshall. 2012. “Film Islami: Gender, Piety, and Pop Culture in Post-authoritarian Indonesia,” Asian Studies Review 36 (2): 207226.
Indrawati Sri Mulyani. 2011. “Indonesia's lessons for the Arab Spring,” 26 July, available at http://globalpublicsquare.blogs.cnn.com/201l/07/26/indonesias-lessons-for-the-arab-spring/.
Künkler Mirjam. 2012Religion-State Relations and Democracy in Egypt and Tunisia: Models from the Democratizing Muslim World—and Their Limits,” Swiss Political Science Review 18: 114-9.
Laffan Michael. 2003. Islamic Nationhood and Colonial Indonesia: The umma below the winds. London and New York: Routledge Curzon.
Pepinsky Tom. “The Limits of the Indonesian Model.” Working Paper, Department of Government, Cornell University. Available online at https://courses.cit.cornell.edu/tp253/docs/indonesian_model.pdf.
Perwita Anak Agung Banyu. 2007. Indonesia and the Muslim World: Islam and Secularism in the Foreign Policy ofSoeharto and Beyond. Copenhagen: Nordic Institute of Asian Studies Press.
Sidel John T. 2012. “Separated at Birth,” Foreign Policy, 15 February, available at http://www.foreignpolicy.com/articles/2012/02/l5/separated_at_birth.
Tagliocozzo Eric, editor. 2009. Southeast Asia and the Middle East: Islam, Movement, and the tongue Duree. Stanford: Stanford University Press.
van Bruinessen Martin. 2012. “Indonesian Muslims and their Place in the Larger World of Islam.” In Indonesia Rising: The Repositioning of Asia's Third Giant, Reid Anthony, editor. Singapore: ISEAS, 117140.
Wirajuda Hassan. 2011. “Seeds of Democracy in Egypt: Sharing is Caring,” Strategic Review 1 (l).
Weblink, program and participants for 25-27 May 2011 workshop in Jakarta: http://www.cdi.anu.edu.au/.IND/2010_ll/2011J)5_25-27JNDJlES-WSC_IND-EGYPT_Dial_JKT.html.
Recommend this journal

Email your librarian or administrator to recommend adding this journal to your organisation's collection.

Review of Middle East Studies
  • ISSN: 2151-3481
  • EISSN: 2329-3225
  • URL: /core/journals/review-of-middle-east-studies
Please enter your name
Please enter a valid email address
Who would you like to send this to? *
×

Metrics

Full text views

Total number of HTML views: 0
Total number of PDF views: 66 *
Loading metrics...

Abstract views

Total abstract views: 137 *
Loading metrics...

* Views captured on Cambridge Core between September 2016 - 21st November 2017. This data will be updated every 24 hours.