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Skilled vision. An apprenticeship in breeding aesthetics

Published online by Cambridge University Press:  07 October 2004

CRISTINA GRASSENI
Affiliation:
Centre for Research on the Anthropology and Epistemology of Complexity, Università degli Studi di Bergamocristina.grasseni@unibg.it
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Abstract

Ethnographies of scientific, professional and educational practices have investigated the ways in which human activity is socialised and mediated by inscription. On the other hand, it has also been stressed how the education of attention is fundamental for the acquisition of skill, involving a complex phenomenological, multi-sensorial experience. This article aims to explore vision in terms of enskilment, highlighting how the participation in relations of apprenticeship and reference to a set of shared visual artefacts are instrumental for socialising the situated, tacit and skilful knowledge of individuals into communities of practice.

Des ethnographies des pratiques scientifiques, professionelles et éducatives ont exploré les façons dont l'activité humaine est socialisée et médiatisée par des inscriptions particulières. Mais on a souligné aussi qu'une éducation de l'attention est fondamentale pour acquérir des compétences par une expérience phénoménologique et multi sensorielle. Cet article explore plutôt le regard en termes de l'acquisition des compétences, en montrant comment la participation dans un apprentissage se rapportant à une série d'artefacts visuels partagés soutient la socialisation d'un savoir situationnel, tacite et compétent des individus dans des communautés de pratique.

Die Ethnographie wissenschaftlicher, professioneller und edukativer Praxis hat erforscht, wie menschlichen Aktivitäten sozialisiert und durch besondere Einschreibungen vermittelt werden. Andererseits wurde betont, dass die Erziehung zur Aufmerksamkeit für das Erlangen von Fertigkeiten von fundamenteller Bedeutung ist und komplexe phänomenologische, multi-sensorische Erfahrungen mit sich bringt. Dieser Aufsatz erforscht das Sehen als Prozeß der Vermittlung von Fertigkeiten. Gezeigt wird, dass die Teilnahme an Lernprozessen unter Bezugnahme auf eine Reihe gemeinsamer visueller Artfekate für die Sozialisation des stillschweigenden, qualifizierten Wissens von Individuen in Praxisgemeinschaften notwendig ist.

Los diversos modos de socialización y mediatización de la actividad humana han sido investigados en etnografías del ejercicio de prácticas científicas, profesionales y educativas. Por otro lado, con frecuencia se ha incidido en el papel que la educación de la atención desempeña en el desarrollo de habilidades, incluyendo complejos repertorios de experiencias fenomenólogicas y multisensoriales. El artículo se embarca en una exploración de la ‘visión’ en términos de apropriación de habilidades, y subraya hasta qué punto la socialización de conocimiento situacional, tácito y habiloso por parte de todo individuo (en tanto que miembro de una comunidad de iguales), requiere de relaciones de aprendizaje y la referencia a repertorios compartidos de artefactos visuales.

Type
Research Article
Copyright
© Cambridge University Press 2004

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Footnotes

I wish to thank Peter Pels, Andreas Roepstorff and two anonymous reviewers for their constructive criticisms and advice, Tim Ingold for the helpful conversations, and Jonny for buying me a plastic toy cow.

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