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    Roark, Eric 2012. Applying Locke's Proviso to Unappropriated Natural Resources. Political Studies, Vol. 60, Issue. 3, p. 687.

    Widerquist, Karl 2010. The Physical Basis of Voluntary Trade. Human Rights Review, Vol. 11, Issue. 1, p. 83.

    Kolers, Avery 2000. The Lockean efficiency argument and aboriginal land rights. Australasian Journal of Philosophy, Vol. 78, Issue. 3, p. 391.

    Simpson, Evan 2000. KNOWLEDGE IN THE POSTMODERN UNIVERSITY. Educational Theory, Vol. 50, Issue. 2, p. 157.

    SHER, GEORGE 1999. Diversity. Philosophy <html_ent glyph="@amp;" ascii="&amp;"/> Public Affairs, Vol. 28, Issue. 2, p. 85.


The Self-Ownership Proviso: A New and Improved Lockean Proviso*

  • Eric Mack (a1)
  • DOI:
  • Published online: 01 June 2009

In this essay I propose to explicate and defend a new and improved version of a Lockean proviso—the self-ownership proviso (SOP). I shall presume here that individuals possess robust rights of self-ownership. I shall take it that each individual has strong moral claims over the elements which constitute her person, e.g., her body parts, her talents, and her energies. However, in the course of the essay, I shall be challenging what I take to be the standard conception of self-ownership and proposing an enrichment of that conception. The SOP is presented and in part justified as an implication of the right of self-ownership as it is more richly conceived—hence its designation as the self-ownership proviso. As an implication of the right of self-ownership which is also compatible, in theory and practice, with extensive and robust private property rights, the SOP is offered as an integral element of classical-liberal political theory.

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John Arthur , “Resource Acquisition and Harm,” Canadian Journal of Philosophy, vol. 17, no. 2 (061987), pp. 337–47

David Schmidtz , “When Is Original Acquisition Required?The Monist, vol. 73, no. 4 (101990), pp. 504–18.

“Agent-Relativity of Value, Deontic Restraints, and Rights,” in Value, Welfare, and Morality, ed. R. Frey and C. Morris (Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 1993)

Wesley Hohfeld , “Some Fundamental Legal Conceptions as Applied in Judicial Reasoning,” Yale Law Review, vol. 23 (1913).

D. North and R. P. Thomas , The Rise of the Western World: A New Economic History (Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 1973)

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Social Philosophy and Policy
  • ISSN: 0265-0525
  • EISSN: 1471-6437
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