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    Rondel, David 2016. Egalitarians, sufficientarians, and mathematicians: a critical notice of Harry Frankfurt’sOn Inequality. Canadian Journal of Philosophy, Vol. 46, Issue. 2, p. 145.

    Segall, Shlomi 2016. INCAS AND ALIENS: THE TRUTH IN TELIC EGALITARIANISM. Economics and Philosophy, Vol. 32, Issue. 01, p. 1.

    Young, Robert 2016. International Encyclopedia of Ethics.

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    McKerlie, Dennis 2013. International Encyclopedia of Ethics.

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    FREIMAN, CHRISTOPHER 2012. Why Poverty Matters Most: Towards a Humanitarian Theory of Social Justice. Utilitas, Vol. 24, Issue. 01, p. 26.

    Gosseries, Axel 2011. Qu’est-ce que le suffisantisme ?. Philosophiques, Vol. 38, Issue. 2, p. 465.

    Fox, Dov 2007. Luck, Genes, and Equality. The Journal of Law, Medicine & Ethics, Vol. 35, Issue. 4, p. 712.

    Schramme, Thomas 2007. The Significance of the Concept of Disease for Justice in Health Care. Theoretical Medicine and Bioethics, Vol. 28, Issue. 2, p. 121.

    Silvestre, Joaquim 2007. Intergenerational Equity and Sustainability.



  • Richard J. Arneson (a1)
  • DOI:
  • Published online: 01 January 2002

If an array of goods is for sale on a market, one's wealth, the tradable resources one owns, determines what one can purchase from this array. One's income is the increment in wealth one acquires over a given period of time. In any society, we observe some people having more wealth and income, and some having less. At any given time, some societies have a greater average wealth than others. Across time, we can observe societies becoming richer or poorer and showing more or less equal distributions of wealth among their members. Does it matter from an ethical standpoint whether some people have more income and wealth than others? Does securing a more equal distribution of income and wealth either constitute the achievement of something that is intrinsically morally desirable or serve as a reliable means to the achievement of some intrinsic moral value? If we suppose that justice demands, in many circumstances, the equalization of the income or wealth of persons, what principles of justice generate this demand?

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Social Philosophy and Policy
  • ISSN: 0265-0525
  • EISSN: 1471-6437
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