Becker, U. (2000) ‘Welfare state development and employment in the Netherlands in comparative perspective’, Journal of European Social Policy, 10, 3, 219–39.
Berlin, I. (1969) ‘Four Essays on Liberty’, New York: Oxford University Press , 118–72.
Bessant, J. (2000) ‘Regulating the unemployed: Australia's work-for-the-dole scheme’, Journal of Australian Studies, 24, 64, 75–84.
Bloom, H. S., Hill, C. J. and Riccio, J. A. (2003) ‘Linking program implementation and effectiveness: lessons from a pooled sample of welfare‐to‐work experiments’, Journal of Policy Analysis and Management, 22, 4, 551–75.
Breitkreuz, R. (2005) ‘Engendering citizenship? A critical feminist analysis of Canadian welfare-to-work policies and the employment experiences of lone mothers’, Journal of Sociology and Social Welfare, 32, 2, 147–65.
Cameron, A. (1997) ‘In search of the voluntary sector: a review article’, Journal of Social Policy, 26, 1, 79–88.
Clary, E. G., Snyder, M., Ridge, R. D., Copeland, J., Stukas, A. A., Haugen, J. and Miene, P. (1998) ‘Understanding and assessing the motivations of volunteers: a functional approach’, Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, 74, 6, 1516–30.
Cockram, J. (2002) Volunteering and Community Participation by Jobless People, Perth, WA: Volunteering Western Australia.
Cohen, A. (2009) ‘Welfare clients’ volunteering as a means of empowerment’, Nonprofit and Voluntary Sector Quarterly, 38, 3, 522–34.
Cox, R. (1998) ‘From safety net to trampoline: labor market activation in the Netherlands and Denmark’, Governance, 11, 4, 397–414.
Cress, D., McPherson, J. and Rotolo, T. (1997) ‘Competition and commitment in voluntary memberships: the paradox of persistence and participation’, Sociological Perspectives, 40, 1, 61–79.
Crick, B. (2000) Essays on Citizenship, London: Bloomsbury Publishing.
Cruikshank, B. (1999) The Will to Empower: Democratic Citizens and Other Subjects, Ithaca: Cornell University Press.
Dean, H. (2015) Social Rights and Human Welfare, London: Routledge.
Dean, M. (1999) Governmentality: Power and Rule in Modern Society, London: Sage.
Dwyer, P., Hodkinson, S., Lewis, H. and Waite, L. (2016) ‘Socio-legal status and experiences of forced labour among asylum seekers and refugees in the UK’, Journal of International and Comparative Social Policy, 32, 3, 182–98.
Edmiston, D. (2017) ‘Welfare, austerity and social citizenship in the UK’, Social Policy and Society, 16, 2, 261–70.
Edmiston, D., Patrick, R. and Garthwaite, K. (2017) ‘Introduction: austerity, welfare and social citizenship’, Social Policy and Society, 16, 2, 253–59.
Foucault, M. (2003) ‘Governmentality’, in Rabinow, P. and Rose, N. (eds.), The Essential Foucault: Selections from the Essential Works of Foucault, 1954–1984. New York: New Press.
Fuller, S., Kershaw, P. and Pulkingham, J. (2008) ‘Constructing “active citizenship”: single mothers, welfare, and the logics of voluntarism’, Citizenship Studies, 12, 2, 157–76.
Garthwaite, K. (2017) ‘‘I feel I'm giving something back to society’: constructing the ‘active citizen’ and responsibilising foodbank use’, Social Policy and Society, 16, 2, 283–92.
Gilbert, N. (2002) Transformation of the Welfare State: The Silent Surrender of Public Responsibility, Oxford: Oxford University Press.
Gilbert, N. and Gilbert, B. (1989) The Enabling State: Modern Welfare Capitalism in America, Oxford: Oxford University Press.
Goul Andersen, J. (2002) ‘Coping with long-term unemployment: economic security, labour market integration and well-being. Results from a Danish panel study, 1994–1999’, International Journal of Social Welfare, 11, 3, 178–90.
Goul Andersen, J., Guillemard, A., Jensen, P. and Pfau Effinger, B. (2005) The Changing Face of Welfare: Consequences and Outcomes from a Citizenship Perspective, Bristol: Policy Press.
Hall, G., Boddy, J., Chenoweth, L. and Davie, K. (2012) ‘Mutual benefits: developing relational service approaches within centrelink’, Australian Social Work, 65, 87–103.
Kampen, T. (2014) Verplicht Vrijwilligerswerk: De Ervaringen van Bijstandscliënten met een Tegenprestatie voor hun Uitkering, Amsterdam: Van Gennep.
Kampen, T., Elshout, J. and Tonkens, E. (2013) ‘The fragility of self-respect: emotional labour of workfare volunteering’, Social Policy and Society, 12, 427–38.
Kjørstad, M. (2005) ‘Between professional ethics and bureaucratic rationality: the challenging ethical position of social workers who are faced with implementing a workfare policy’, European Journal of Social Work, 8, 381–98.
Knijn, T. and Van Berkel, R. (2003) ‘Again revisited: employment and activation policies for lone parents in the Netherlands’, in Millar, J. and Evans, M. (eds.), Lone Parents’ Employment: International Comparisons of What Works, London: DWP.
Koen, J. (2013) Prepare and Pursue: Routes to Suitable (Re-) Employment, Dissertation: University of Amsterdam.
Kroft, H., Engbersen, G., Schuyt, K. and Van Waarden, F. (1989) Een Tijd Zonder Werk: Een Onderzoek naar de Belevingswereld van Langdurig Werklozen, Leiden: Stenfert Kroese.
Levy, M. (2006) ‘Volunteering for the dole: good or bad?’, Australian Journal on Volunteering, 11, 1, 38–49.
McClure, P. (2000) Participation Support for a More Equitable Society: Final Report of the Reference Group on Welfare Reform, Canbarra, Australia: Department of Family and Community Services.
McDonald, C. and Marston, G. (2005) ‘Workfare as welfare: governing unemployment in the advanced liberal state’, Critical Social Policy, 25, 3, 374–401.
Mead, L. (2008) Beyond Entitlement, New York: Simon and Schuster.
Miller, P. and Rose, N. (2008) Governing the Present: Administering Economic, Social and Personal Life, Bristol: Polity Press.
Muehlebach, A. (2012) The Moral Neoliberal: Welfare and Citizenship in Italy, Chicago: University of Chicago Press.
Nannestad, P. (2007) ‘Immigration and welfare states: a survey of 15 years of research’, European Journal of Political Economy, 23, 2, 512–32.
Nothdurfter, U. (2016) ‘The street-level delivery of activation policies: constraints and possibilities for a practice of citizenship’, European Journal of Social Work, 19, 420–40.
Owen, D. (1996) ‘Dilemmas and opportunities for the young active citizen’, Youth Studies Australia, 15, 1, 20–3.
Patrick, R. (2014) ‘Working on welfare: findings from a qualitative longitudinal study into the lived experiences of welfare reform in the UK’, Journal of Social Policy, 43, 4, 705–25.
Patrick, R. (2017) For Whose Benefit?: The Everyday Realities of Welfare Reform, Chicago: Policy Press.
Povey, L. (2017) ‘Where welfare and criminal justice meet: applying Wacquant to the experiences of marginalised women in austerity Britain’, Social Policy and Society, 16, 2, 271–81.
Rappaport, J. (1987) ‘Terms of empowerment/exemplars of prevention: toward a theory for community psychology’, American Journal of Community Psychology, 15, 121–48.
Reitsma-Street, M., Maczewski, M. and Neysmith, S. (2000) ‘Promoting engagement: an organizational study of volunteers in community resource centres for children’, Children and Youth Services Review, 22, 8, 651–78.
Roberts, J. and Devine, F. (2004) ‘Some everyday experiences of voluntarism: social capital, pleasure, and the contingency of participation’, Social politics, 11, 2, 280–96.
Serrano Pascual, A. (2007) ‘Activation regimes in Europe: a clustering exercise’, in Serrano Pascual, A. and Magnusson, L. (eds.), Reshaping Welfare States and Activation Regimes in Europe, Brussels: Peter Lang.
Serrano Pascual, A. and Magnusson, L. (2007) Reshaping Welfare States and Activation Regimes in Europe, Brussels: Peter Lang.
Skevik, A. (2005) ‘Women's citizenship in the time of activation: the case of lone mothers in “needs-based” welfare states’, Social Politics, 12, 1, 42–66.
Sobus, M. S. (1995) ‘Mandating community service: psychological implications of requiring prosocial behavior’, Law and Psychological Review, 19, 153–182.
Soupourmas, F. and Ironmonger, D. (2002) Giving Time. The Economic and Social Value of Volunteering in Victoria, Melbourne, Australia: Department of Human Services.
Stukas, A., Snyder, M. and Clary, E. (1999) ‘The effects of ‘mandatory volunteerism’ on intentions to volunteer’, Psychological Science, 10, 1, 59–64.
Thoits, P. and Hewitt, L. (2001) ‘Volunteer work and social well-being’, Journal of Health and Social Behavior, 48, 174–87.
Van Echteld, P. and Josten, E. (2012) ‘Werken voor je geld’, in Veldheer, V., J. Jonker, van Noije, L. and Vrooman, C. (2012) Een Beroep op de Burger. Minder Verzorgingsstaat, Meer Eigen Verantwoordelijkheid? Sociaal en Cultureel Rapport 2012, The Hague: Sociaal en Cultureel Planbureau.
Van Houwelingen, P., Boele, A. and Dekker, P. (2014) Burgermacht op Eigen Kracht? Een Brede Verkenning van Ontwikkelingen in Burgerparticipatie, The Hague: Sociaal en Cultureel Planbureau.
Veldheer, V., Jonker, J., van Noije, L. and Vrooman, C. (2012) Een Beroep op de Burger. Minder Verzorgingsstaat, Meer Eigen Verantwoordelijkheid? Sociaal en Cultureel Rapport 2012. The Hague: Sociaal en Cultureel Planbureau.
Warburton, J. and Smith, J. (2003) ‘Out of the generosity of your heart: are we creating active citizens through compulsory volunteer programmes for young people in Australia?’, Social Policy and Administration, 37, 772–86.
Whitworth, A. (2016) ‘Neoliberal paternalism and paradoxical subjects: confusion and contradiction in UK activation policy’, Critical Social Policy, 36, 3, 412–31.
Wiggan, J. (2015) ‘Reading active labour market policy politically: an autonomist analysis of Britain's Work Programme and Mandatory Work Activity’, Critical Social Policy, 35, 3, 369–92.
Yeatman, A. (2000) ‘Mutual obligation: what kind of contract is this?’ in Shaver, S. and Saunders, P. (eds.), Reforming the Australian Welfare State, Melbourne, Australia: Australian Institute of Family Studies.