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Reciprocity in the Co-Production of Public Services: The Role of Volunteering through Community Time Exchange?

  • Gemma Burgess (a1) and Daniel Durrant (a2)


Time Credits are a form of community currency based upon the reciprocal exchange of time and represent an interpretation of ‘time banking’ by a UK social enterprise, Spice. This article sets out the contribution made by research on Time Credits to the theory and practice of co-production in public services. Time Credits are intended to improve wellbeing through volunteering and ultimately increase economic participation. There is a focus on communities exhibiting high levels of deprivation within a small Cambridgeshire town (Wisbech, UK) which is geographically isolated and characterised by low-skilled, agri-food based employment opportunities that attracted high levels of inward migration from the A8 EU accession countries. In separating the rhetoric from the reality of co-production, the research aims to shed some light upon the extent to which such initiatives can realistically engender a shift towards a more reciprocal economy in the context of an ongoing programme of fiscal austerity.



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Reciprocity in the Co-Production of Public Services: The Role of Volunteering through Community Time Exchange?

  • Gemma Burgess (a1) and Daniel Durrant (a2)


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